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Decoding Skills - Listening

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Decoding Skills - Listening

  1. 1. Listening Skills LISTENING VS. HEARING TRAINING IN LISTENING SKILLSSHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  2. 2. Listen ≠ Decode To listen is to understand meaning only, without the need to translate. To decode is to translate to understand meaning and importance. Listening and decoding are active processes of eliciting information Is hearing the same as listening?SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  3. 3. Hearing or Listening? To decode is to translate or to understand meaning and importance. Hearing is a passive process of absorbing information. Listening is an active process of eliciting information by decoding (translating) the code.SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  4. 4. Hearing or Listening? Is hearing the same as listening?  The ears hear; the brain listens / decodes.  Hearing is automatic; listening / decoding is conscious and deliberate  Hearing may or may not create meaning. listening / decoding can creates meaning.SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  5. 5. What’s the Solution?Communication Order Extent ExtentSkills Learned Used TaughtListening / Decoding 1st 1st 4thSpeaking 2nd 2nd 3rdReading 3rd 3rd 2ndWriting 4th 4th 1stThe Situation: More teaching time focuses on the least-usedcommunication skills.The Problem: Students are more practiced in the least-usedcommunication skill.SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  6. 6. Points of Miscommunication Talking when we should be listening Thinking about what we are going to say rather than listening to a speaker Hearing what we expect to hear rather than what is actually said Not paying attention: preoccupation Not open-minded: prejudice, self- centeredness, stereotypeSHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  7. 7. Quiz Tip Listening /decoding can be used to elicit meaning from words.  How can decoding elicit meaning from actions?  How can decoding elicit meaning regarding a receiver’s attitudes?  How can decoding elicit meaning regarding a receiver’s emotions?SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  8. 8. Quiz Tip Decoding can be used in interpersonal communications.  How can decoding be used in intrapersonal communication?  How can decoding be difficult when used in public communication?  What are the barriers to effective decoding in mass communication?SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  9. 9. Quiz Tip Decoding can be used in oral exchange.  How can decoding be used in textual exchange?  How can decoding be used in non-verbal exchange?  How is decoding used in visual communication?  How is decoding used in tactile exchange?  How is decoding used in kinetic exchange?SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  10. 10. Quiz Tip TRUE OR FALSE? WHY? Decoding is the receiver’s problem, not the sender’s. Listening and hearing are the same. Good readers are better listeners compared to good speakers. Smarter people are better listeners. A receiver can stop listening because of the message. Decoding is a minor part of the communication process.SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  11. 11. Quiz Tip TRUE OR FALSE? WHY? The sender might have a problem if the receiver cannot decode the message correctly. Compared to speaking, reading requires more translation activity. People who decode can get more meaning than people who listen. A skill that is often used but not taught in school can be learned more easily.SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  12. 12. Stages of the Listening Process Hearing Focusing on the message Comprehending and interpreting Analyzing and Evaluating Responding RememberingSHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  13. 13. Barriers to Active Listening Environmental barriers Physiological barriers Psychological barriers Selective Listening Negative Listening Attitudes Personal Reactions Poor MotivationSHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  14. 14. Effective Communication Understand the complexities of decoding Make it easier for your target receiver to listen and decode your message Adjust to needs of each receiver Focus on ideas or key points Organize material for easier learningSHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  15. 15. To Be an Effective Decoder FOR CORPORATE EMPLOYEES, WORKERS, MANAGERS Want to listen Delay judgment Admit your biases Don’t tune out “dry” subjects Accept responsibility for understanding Encourage others to talkSHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  16. 16. To Be an Effective Decoder FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS Establish eye contact with the speaker Take notes effectively Be a physically involved listener Avoid negative mannerisms Exercise your listening muscles Follow the Golden Rule: Do unto others as you want others to do unto you.SHL1013 Professional English 5 October 2012
  • CiaraAnneSantos

    Oct. 8, 2016
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    Oct. 7, 2016
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    Oct. 31, 2015
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    Feb. 9, 2015
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    May. 6, 2014

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