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Multiple Sexualities

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Multiple Sexualities

  1. 1. Multiple Sexualities: Intersecting on a College Campus A presentation by Dr. Jason S. Wrench
  2. 2. What is Sexuality? McKinney and Sprecher (1991) defined sexuality as “sexual behaviors, arousal, and responses as well as to sexual attitudes, desires, and communication” (p. 2).
  3. 3. DeLamater and Shibley-Hyde (2004) “An expanded definition of sexuality would recognize that sexual behavior is one aspect, that other aspects include cognition (knowledge, thoughts, & identity), emotion, and socio-cultural factors” (p. 8).
  4. 4. Multiple Sexuality: The realization that there is more than a single sexual path. In fact, modern sexual researchers realize that there is a virtual rainbow of sexual behaviors, attitudes, and desires.
  5. 5. A Brief History of Multisexualities ► Greco-Roman World ► Influence of Augustine of Hippo ► Renaissance
  6. 6. Institute for Sexual Research ► Magnus Hirschfeld
  7. 7. Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Human Sexuality Typology Dionings (heterosexual males) Urnings (homosexual males) Urandionings (bisexual males) Urningins (homosexual females) Dioningins (heterosexual females)
  8. 8. Karl-Maria Kertbeny Coined the Term “Homosexual” Greek word “homo,” meaning same Latin word “sexus,” meaning biological sex
  9. 9. Dictionary Definitions of “heterosexual” and “homosexual”
  10. 10. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary (1901) Heterosexual “ Abnormal or perverted appetite toward the opposite sex.”
  11. 11. Dorland’s Medical Dictionary (1909) Homosexual “ Morbid sexual passion for one of the same sex.”
  12. 12. Webster’s Second Edition Unabridged (1934) Heterosexual “ Manifest of sexual passion for one of the opposite sex; normal sexuality.”
  13. 13. Webster’s Second Edition Unabridged (1934) Homosexual “ Eroticism for one of the same sex.”
  14. 14. Alfred Kinsey Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953) The Kinsey Reports
  15. 15. The Kinsey Scale Please Fill out The Kinsey Scale In your Handout
  16. 16. Gay men ( M = 19.24 ; SD = 2.78) 6.41 Bisexual men ( M = 14.00 ; SD = 3.64) 4.67 Straight men ( M = 3.71 ; SD = 3.71) 1.24 Lesbians ( M = 17.45 ; SD = 3.22) 5.82 Bisexual women ( M = 11.88 ; SD = 2.68) 3.96 Straight women ( M = 3.62 ; SD = 2.24) 1.21 Means are based on Wrench’s (2002) use of the Kinsey Scale.
  17. 17. Males do not represent two discrete populations, heterosexual and homosexual. The world is not to be divided into sheep and goats. It is a fundamental of taxonomy that nature rarely deals with discrete categories... The living world is a continuum in each and every one of its aspects, ( SBHM , p. 639).
  18. 18. Kinsey Report Findings Instances of at least one same-sex experience to orgasm: 37% of males 13% of females
  19. 19. Kinsey Report Findings 10 % of males sampled were predominantly homosexual between the ages of 16 and 55. 2 to 6% of females, aged 20-35, were more or less exclusively homosexual in experience/response.
  20. 20. Homosexual Identity Formation Vivienne Cass’ (1979, 1984) Six Stages of Homosexual Identity Formation
  21. 21. Stage One Identity Confusion
  22. 22. Stage Two Identity Comparison
  23. 23. Stage Three Identity Tolerance
  24. 24. Stage Four Identity Acceptance
  25. 25. Stage Five Identity Pride
  26. 26. Stage Six Identity Synthesis
  27. 27. Heterosexual Ally Developmental Model
  28. 28. Stage One Innocence
  29. 29. Stage Two Ignorance
  30. 30. Stage Three Resistance
  31. 31. Stage Four Re-Definition
  32. 32. Stage Five Internalization
  33. 33. Questions?

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