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DIGITAL REPOSITORIES:
ESSENTIAL INFORMATION
FOR ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS
AURARIA LIBRARY
FEBRUARY, 2015
Outline
• Terminology
• Institutional Repositories
• IRs in Colorado
• IR software
• Standard identifiers for digital obje...
Terminology
• Institutional repository (IR)
• Disciplinary repository (Subject repository)
• Green open-access
• Post-prin...
Institutional Repositories [1]
Directory: http://www.opendoar.org/
Institutional Repositories [2]: Local instances
• Colorado / Wyoming Institutional Repositories (selected)
• University of...
Institutional Repositories [3]:
Institutional Repository Software / Hosting
• Digital Commons
• DSpace
• EPrints
• Fedora
...
Institutional Repositories [4]:
Digital Preservation
"The Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust) is
committed to the creati...
figshare
http://figshare.com/
DataCite
https://www.datacite.org/
Disciplinary Repositories
• Directory of disciplinary repositories (Simmons College) =
http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Disc...
Disciplinary repository screenshots
Focus: PubMed Central (PMC)
“PMC (PubMed Central) launched in 2000 as a free archive for full-text biomedical
and life sci...
What is the Difference between PubMed
Central and PubMed?
Data Repositories
Directories of Data Repositories
• Data repositories (Simmons College, OA Directory)
• Registry of Resea...
Focus: Dryad Digital Repository
• Works with journals
• Requires use of the CC 0 license
• Located at http://datadryad.org...
Focus: GitHub
• A collection of software repositories
• Used for sharing code, programs, software
• Has paid and free opti...
DMP = Data management plan
From the Wikipedia article, "Data management plan“
• Description of the data
• How / When / Whe...
Review of OAI-PMH
• Open-Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
• Provides a way to create a "union catalog"...
Conclusion
• Institutional repositories convert libraries into publishers, and this has
many long-term legal, ethical, and...
Coda
“Investigate the possibility of constructing the world’s first all-
scholarship repository (ASR). [...] Conversations...
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Digital Repositories: Essential Information for Academic Librarians

This presentation provides essential information for academic librarians about digital repositories.It describes institutional, disciplinary, and data repositories and gives examples of each. The presentation also looks at the current state of access, focusing on OAI-PMH, and it examines digital preservation for IRs. Academic libraries that host repositories essentially become publishers, and this responsibility has many implications for libraries. The talk closes with a brief look at the proposed "all-scholarship repository" (ASR).

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Digital Repositories: Essential Information for Academic Librarians

  1. 1. DIGITAL REPOSITORIES: ESSENTIAL INFORMATION FOR ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS AURARIA LIBRARY FEBRUARY, 2015
  2. 2. Outline • Terminology • Institutional Repositories • IRs in Colorado • IR software • Standard identifiers for digital objects in repositories • Digital preservation for IRs • Disciplinary repositories • Data repositories • OAI-PMH • The future
  3. 3. Terminology • Institutional repository (IR) • Disciplinary repository (Subject repository) • Green open-access • Post-print • Author's accepted manuscript (AAM) • SPARC author addendum • Embargo period • Pre-print server • Sherpa Romeo • Dark archive
  4. 4. Institutional Repositories [1] Directory: http://www.opendoar.org/
  5. 5. Institutional Repositories [2]: Local instances • Colorado / Wyoming Institutional Repositories (selected) • University of Colorado Boulder, University of Colorado Colorado Springs, Anschutz Medical Campus, Colorado School of Mines, Colorado Mesa University, and Colorado State University still using Digital Collections of Colorado • Wyoming Scholars Repository (Digital Commons) • University of Northern Colorado, Denver University and Colorado College and others use the Colorado Alliance's repository service, which is an Islandora implementation. • Fort Lewis College has Fort Works, an Eprints implementation
  6. 6. Institutional Repositories [3]: Institutional Repository Software / Hosting • Digital Commons • DSpace • EPrints • Fedora • Islandora • Invenio / TIND • Greenstone • SobekCM
  7. 7. Institutional Repositories [4]: Digital Preservation "The Academic Preservation Trust (APTrust) is committed to the creation and management of a sustainable environment for digital preservation. APTrust’s aggregated repository will solve one of the greatest challenges facing research libraries and their parent institutions – preventing the permanent loss of scholarship and cultural records being produced today." "The Digital Preservation Network (DPN) was formed to ensure that the complete scholarly record is preserved for future generations. DPN uses a federated approach to preservation. The higher education community has created many digital repositories to provide long-term preservation and access. By replicating multiple dark copies of these collections in diverse nodes, DPN protects against the risk of catastrophic loss due to technology, organizational or natural disasters."
  8. 8. figshare http://figshare.com/
  9. 9. DataCite https://www.datacite.org/
  10. 10. Disciplinary Repositories • Directory of disciplinary repositories (Simmons College) = http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Disciplinary_repositories • Some major disciplinary repositories: • SSRN (Social Sciences Research Network) • RePEc (Research Papers in Economics) • E-LIS (Eprints in Library and Information Science) • PMC (PubMedCentral) • Ag Econ Search (University of Minnesota)
  11. 11. Disciplinary repository screenshots
  12. 12. Focus: PubMed Central (PMC) “PMC (PubMed Central) launched in 2000 as a free archive for full-text biomedical and life sciences journal articles. PMC serves as a digital counterpart to the NLM extensive print journal collection; it is a repository for journal literature deposited by participating publishers, as well as for author manuscripts that have been submitted in compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy and similar policies of other research funding agencies. Some PMC journals are also MEDLINE journals. For publishers, there are a number of ways to participate and deposit their content in this archive, explained on the NLM Web pages Add a Journal to PMC and PMC Policies. Journals must be in scope according to the NLM Collection Development Manual. Although free access is a requirement for PMC deposit, publishers and individual authors may continue to hold copyright on the material in PMC and publishers can delay the release of their material in PMC for a short period after publication. There are reciprocal links between the full text in PMC and corresponding citations in PubMed. PubMed citations are created for content not already in the MEDLINE database. Some PMC content, such as book reviews, is not cited in PubMed.”
  13. 13. What is the Difference between PubMed Central and PubMed?
  14. 14. Data Repositories Directories of Data Repositories • Data repositories (Simmons College, OA Directory) • Registry of Research Data Repositories • Databib "Databib is a searchable catalog registry / directory/ bibliography of research data repositories."
  15. 15. Focus: Dryad Digital Repository • Works with journals • Requires use of the CC 0 license • Located at http://datadryad.org/ • Costs $90 “DataDryad.org is a curated general-purpose repository that makes the data underlying scientific publications discoverable, freely reusable, and citable. Dryad has integrated data submission for a growing list of journals; submission of data from other publications is also welcome” -- http://datadryad.org/
  16. 16. Focus: GitHub • A collection of software repositories • Used for sharing code, programs, software • Has paid and free options; free option used for open source “GitHub is the largest code host on the planet with over 19.4 million repositories. Large or small, every repository comes with the same powerful tools. These tools are open to the community for public projects and secure for private projects.”
  17. 17. DMP = Data management plan From the Wikipedia article, "Data management plan“ • Description of the data • How / When / Where data will be acquired • How the data will be processed • What file formats the data will be in, naming conventions • Version control • Metadata • Policies for access, sharing, and re-use • Long-term storage and data management • Budget
  18. 18. Review of OAI-PMH • Open-Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting • Provides a way to create a "union catalog" of resources in digital repositories • The metadata is indexed in WorldCat (including WCL), updated quarterly
  19. 19. Conclusion • Institutional repositories convert libraries into publishers, and this has many long-term legal, ethical, and financial implications. • Repositories exist in sort of a digital version of the Wild West • Repositories with strong digital preservation practices and that use and maintain standard identifiers for the digital objects they publish will stand out from others. • Most repositories will contain material of secondary or local-only importance, but a few “gems” will exist here and there. • Libraries are competing with scholarly publishers (Odlyzko , 2013).
  20. 20. Coda “Investigate the possibility of constructing the world’s first all- scholarship repository (ASR). [...] Conversations are currently ongoing on this matter. The Department of Energy has authorized the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to build the prototype ASR.” SOURCE

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