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The scenario of Bangladesh Minorities


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The scenario of Bangladesh Minorities

  1. 1. The panic scenario among Minorities in Bangladesh Prepared by: Jhuma Halder The concept of human dignity is come to underscore the essence of human rights. Human rights come from the pure International law. Human Rights got place in the constitution of People’s Republic of Bangladesh as fundamental rights. Bangladesh emerged as a “Sovereign Republic” in order to ensure for the people of Bangladesh equality, human dignity, and social justice. This is directly reflection of UDHR, such as, equality – article 2,7 and 21 of UDHR and article 27, 28(1) and 29(1) of the Bangladesh constitution, human dignity – article 1,6, and 9 of UDHR and article – 11, 32 of Bangladesh constitution and social justice – article 23(a) (b) and 25(a) of UDHR and article 8(1), 15 (a) (b) (d) and 20 of Bangladesh constitution as well as the Preamble of the Constitution of Bangladesh pledged that “the fundamental aim of the State is to realize a society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedom, equality and justice will be secured for all citizens”. However, some amendment of this constitution and so many anti human rights laws enacted in Bangladesh during decades that enhanced the magnitude of human rights violation of citizen of Bangladesh. Article - 7 of the Constitution of Bangladesh mentions that the constitution is the “Supreme Law” of the country and if any other law is inconsistent with the constitution that other law shall, to extent to inconsistency, be void. Again 26(1) mention that all laws inconsistent with the provisions of the fundamental rights part (III) shall be extend of such inconsistency, become void on the commencement of this constitution. In addition, sub-article (2) of the same article mentions that the state shall not make any law inconsistent with any provisions of this part, any law so made shall, to extent of such inconsistency, be void. In a judgment of Supreme Court of Pakistan in Abu A’la Maudoodi vs. Government of West Pakistan, quoted by Pirzada, Sharifuddin, AIR, 1950, SC Page – 101, we see that the Bangladesh constitution has imposed some restrictions in enjoying some fundamental rights. According to this restriction, all fundamental rights enumerated in the Bangladesh constitution may be classified into three groups. Such as (i) Absolute rights (Article – 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 34, 35, 44), (ii) Rights on which reasonable restriction can be imposed (Article – 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 43), (iii) Fundamental rights which have been practically left Jhuma Halder Page 1
  2. 2. to the legislature (Article – 31, 32, 40, 42). As a result, when High Court Division of Bangladesh Supreme Court encourages conversion to Islam by giving an order in Criminal Appeal No.4558 of 2009 and Criminal Appeal No. 5879 of 2008 we have nothing to do against the gross violation of minorities’ rights especially Hindus. The following incidents will say about the increasing condition of severe violations of human rights of the minorities of Bangladesh: Incident 1: On 01 September 2009, The Daily Sangbad published that Hindu-Dalit named Ms.Sabita Rani was raped by Muslim perpetrator at Kaonia Upazila of Rangpur District and the Local Influential peoples boycotted her and bladed the hair. Incident 2: On 02 September 2009, the Daily Star published a gang of criminals attacked for land grabbing of three Hindu families at Dighalkandi Sahapara village in Puthia upazila of Rajshahi. Incident 3: On 03 September 2009, The Daily Bhorer Kagoj published news stating a Hindu woman teacher, Josna Rani, wife of Dipok Kumar Biswas is fleeing away threatens by a perpetrator Sarwar Hawlader son of Siddiq Hawlader. Incident 4: On 04 September 2009, The Daily Noyadigonto published news Riligious Hindu Minority Business persons of Boalshali upozila are subsisting under trrible threaten of Rezaul Karim, Babul Bahimi, secretary (Publicity) of Awami Leguea of Boalkhali Upazila under Chittagong District. Incident 5: On 5 September 2009, The Daily Ittefaq published a news stating that a hindu lady namely Bina Sarkar (20), daughter of Tusto Boiragi of village Dopatia at Warshi Union of police station Mirjapur, of district Tangail, had married a Muslim man called Sumon alias Sujon earlier. After some days of the fabricated marriage, swindle Sumon alias Sujon divorced her and she took shelter to her parental house. However, some influential person of that village, namely Pran Ballav, Gopal Master, called an arbitration council and verdict to blade her (Bina) heir. The helpless family cannot take any legal action against those influential people. They are living under menace. Incident 6:On 6 September 2009, The Daily Samakal published a certain group of rightwing has impaired under construction Durga Idol of Jatiapara temple of Gujadia union at Karimgong under Kishorgong district on last 04.09.09 for creating panic among Hindu Community during their biggest festival “Durga Puja”. Jhuma Halder Page 2
  3. 3. Incident 7: On 7 September 2009, The Daily Jaijaidin published a group of terrorists namely Rajan, Omar, and Billal influnced by Sourav Munshi bulldozed and forcefully evicted Indeginous dwellings of Chabirpur village of Sadar Upazila under Norail district. Miscreants vigorously grabbed 30 decimal lands of Sunil Biswas (45), Tapan (43), Sreepati Biswas (35), Kartik (48), and Ganesh Biswas (50) and threatened them. The miscreants slashed their truit and forest trees by the sharpen weapons. Bystanders and affected Amina Rani (38), Jharna Biswas (35) and Tripti Rani (25) described this incident as revenge to snatch their dwelling house and property. Incident 8: On 8 September 2009, The Daily Prothom Alo published news titling as “Attack on Adibashi Minority People for grabbing the land in Norail District”. Incident 9: On 9 September 2009, The Daily Vorer Kagoj published that some unidentified perpetrators entered into two Temples, broken Hindu Durga and Kali deities’ desecrated temple at Kumar Khali –Kushtia district of Bangladesh Incident 10: On 12.09.2009, The Daily Samakal published that a Hindu businessperson assaulted at Gournadi under Barishal district. Incident 11: On 12 September 2009, The Daily Samakal published news stating that a Bappi Halder member of Chatra League demanded ample amount of money from a Hindu Businessperson namely Bakta Roy. Incident 12: On 12 September 2009, The Daily Samakal published news stating a Hindu Minority name as Rabi Das (50), half dead kidnapped person, traced two weeks after his abduction by police from Kaliakoir under Tangail district. Incident 13: On 12 September 2009, “The Daily Prothom Alo” published relating to attack again for lad grabbing on Hindu residents at Sutrapur under Dhaka city. Incident 14: On 13 September, 2009, The daily Jaijaidin published a group of terrorists was trying to blow up this plantation of a skilled Hindu person, namely Bishowjit Das, of Aruakandi village of Madhukhali police station under Faridpur district had leased two- acres of land in front of Dighilia Niribili Picnic Corner from Local chairperson Md. Jakir Hossain Mia, at Raipur, six months before for three years for planting hybrid banana tree intended for an independent person. Incident 15: On 13 September, 2009, The Daily Jaijaidin published a group of land grabber leading by Moinal Hossain is trying to evict a Hindu family Monto Das son of Jhuma Halder Page 3
  4. 4. late Banomali Das of Kajiatal village of Darora Union under Muradnagar Upazila under Cumilla district. Incident 16: On 17 September, 2009, The daily Star published as titled “Indigenous girl rescued, alleged abductor held” stating Athuibai Marma, 13, d/o, Mongsathowai Marma was kidnapped on September 4 from Nagbaipara village under Guimara upazila in Khagrachhari. Jhuma Halder Page 4