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How to Teach Like an Award-winning Instructor

This presentation illustrates some of the strategies and approaches used by award-winning instructors in higher education. Strategies include the us of Merrill's First Principles of Instruction. The presentation is based on a study done by Joel Gardner found at https://www.academia.edu/3538810/

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How to Teach Like an Award-winning Instructor

  1. 1. How to Teach Like an Award-winning Instructor Presentation at Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Conference June 3, 2015 Joel Gardner, PhD
  2. 2. http://www.denofgeek.us/movies /14928/13-most-fearsome-movie- teachers http://www.squashonsquash.com/tag/vita mix/ http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wik i/File:High_Inquisitor.jpg Poor Movie Instructors
  3. 3. http://www.biography.com/people /jaime-escalante-189368 http://www.aveleyman.com/Actor Credit.aspx?ActorID=13756 http://www.glogster.com/jeffonrock/fre edom-writers/g- 6mof3kkklrla9f3nebg8oa0?old_view=True Great Movie Instructors
  4. 4. Award-winning Instructors in Higher Education (Gardner, 2011)  Qualitative Study of 4 award-winning instructors at a large western university  Do Award-winning use First Principles of Instruction? How?  Answer: YES! AND… Gardner, J., (2011). How award-winning professors in higher education use Merrill’s first principles of instruction. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 8(5), p. 3-16. Accessed online at: https://www.academia.edu/3538810/
  5. 5. What do the best teachers do?  Positive  Patient  Enthusiastic  Knowledgeable  Humorous  Passionate  Compassionate  Challenging
  6. 6. Excellent Instructors Teach With Strategies and Passion!
  7. 7. First Principles of Instruction (Merrill, 2002, 2006; Gardner 2010, 2011) Instructional Strategies 7 Problem/Task Centered Activation DemonstrationApplication Integration
  8. 8.  A complex problem or task  Multiple parts  “ill-structured”  Progression of difficulty in tasks Problem/Task Centered (learning is contextual) 8
  9. 9.  Learners recall, describe, or demonstrate prior knowledge  Provide an organizing structure for knowledge  Use a metaphor or analogy Activation (we base new knowledge on what we know) 9
  10. 10.  Teach the generality (Tell)  Share specific examples (Show)  Use variety of media Demonstration (we learn by observation) 10
  11. 11.  Recall (Ask)  Practice application of knowledge (Do)  Must provide feedback! Application (we learn by doing) 11
  12. 12.  Students reflect on, discuss or defend knowledge  Students plan to use knowledge  Students “over-practice” their new skills Integration (deepen learning) 12
  13. 13. Break into groups | Generate examples and best practices | Think of inspiring experiences Activity: Examples and Best Practices Problem/Task Centered Activation DemonstrationApplication Integration
  14. 14. Problem/Task Centered Activation DemonstrationApplication Integration Enthusiasm Knowledgeable Humor Organized Compassion Challenging Teach Strategically with Passion
  15. 15. Gardner, J. (2010). Applying Merrill's first principles of instruction: Practical methods based on a review of the literature. Educational Technology Magazine, 50(2), pp. 20-25. Accessible online at: https://www.academia.edu/3538706/ Gardner, J., (2011). How award-winning professors in higher education use Merrill’s first principles of instruction. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 8(5), p. 3-16. Accessed online at: https://www.academia.edu/3538810/ Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59. Available online at: http://mdavidmerrill.com/Papers/firstprinciplesbymerrill.pdf Merrill, M. D. (2007). First principles of instruction: a synthesis. In R. A. Reiser & J. V. Dempsey (Eds.), Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology, 2nd Edition (Vol. 2, pp. 62-71). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall. Available online at: http://mdavidmerrill.com/Papers/FirstPrinciplesSynthesis.pdf References 15

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