Mindanao is the second largest island of The
Philippines at the southern end of the archipelago. It’s
culture consists of mostly Muslim or “Moro” people. It is
also composed of other ethnic groups such as the
Maranao, Tausug, Banguingi, and indigenous tribes
known as Lumad.
The Balangay (formerly synonymous with Butuan boat) is a
plank boat adjoined by a carved-out plank edged through pins and
dowels. It was first mentioned in the 16th Century in the Chronicles of
Pigafetta, and is known as the oldest watercraft found in the Philippines.
The balangay was the first wooden watercraft excavated
in Southeast Asia and is evidence of early Filipino craftsmanship and
their seamanship skills during pre-colonial times.
The vinta (locally known as lepa-lepa or sakayan) is a traditional
boat from the Philippine island of Mindanao. The boats are made by
Sama-Bajau and Moros living in the Sulu
Archipelago, Zamboanga peninsula, and southern Mindanao. It has a sail
with assorted vertical colors that represents the colorful culture and
history of the Muslim community. These boats are used for inter-island
transport of people and goods.
The malong is a traditional "tube
skirt" made of handwoven or machine-
made multi-colored cotton cloth, bearing
a variety of geometric or okir designs.
The malong is directly akin to
the sarong worn by peoples in other parts
of Maritime Southeast
Asia (Malaysia, Brunei, East
Timor and Indonesia), and is the
etymological cognate of the Polynesian
'malo' (loin cloth).
Kulintang, gongs and even the
elaborate designs of a Muslim jar are
brasswares popularly made in Mindanao,
particularly the oldest city in the
region, Cotabato City.
Okir or okkil is the term for
geometric and flowing designs (often based
on an elaborate leaf and vine pattern) and folk
motifs that can be usually found in Maranao
and Muslim-influenced artwork, especially in
the southern Philippines, and in some parts
of Southeast Asia.
Is a wing like design of a vernacular house in
Maranao called Torogan. These are ends of the floor beams that
projects and splay out like tringular butterfly wings on the
façade and side elevations.
ToroganThe Torogan is a traditional
residence of the reigning Sultan of the
Maranaw people and his family. It is where
the community traditionally gathers for
wedding, thanksgiving rites, enthronement,
and vigils for the dead. Torogan is no
ordinary home specially to a regular
Maranaw family because it was a symbol
of high social status.
The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of
the Maranao people who originate
from Mindanao, a major island in
the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari"
and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment,
which is generally of assorted colors.
Manòk means "chicken"
Yakan’s Fabric and Face Make-up
technicolor geometric weaves and the distinctive face decorations
used in their traditional ceremonies. The Yakan are kind and loving people
that embody a non-materialistic culture and live in close-knit communities.
The Yakan are an
indigenous Muslim tribe native to
the tropical island of Basilan.
Located in the Sulu Archipelago in the
most southern region of the
Philippines. Yakan people are
recognized for their remarkable
Yakan weaving uses bright, bold and often contrasting
colours in big symmetrical patterns. Inspiration for designs comes
from island living and Islamic sacred geometry.
Tanyak Tanyak is a face painting custom is unique to Yakan
tribal culture. Worn only for wedding ceremonies; circles, spots and
diamond patterns are printed on the skin using bamboo implements
and a thick mixture of white flour and water. The patterns are said to
have no symbolic meaning but have been used for centuries as a form of
cosmetic decoration long before commercial products were
T'nalak is a traditional cloth
found in Mindanao island made by a
group of people in Lake Sebu, South
Cotabato called T'bolis, Tboli people.
This traditional cloth is hand-woven made of
Abaca fibers which traditionally has three
primary colors, red, black and the original
color of the Abaca leaves.
Pangalay (also known as Daling-
Daling or Mengalai in Sabah) is the
traditional “fingernail” dance of the Tausūg
people of the Sulu
Archipelago and Sabah. The dance also
means offering from its Sanskrit origin pang-
alay. Mangalay which also means dance is
very similar to classical Balinese and Thai