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Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Culture, le...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Something w...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
A salient q...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Now a recen...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
So let’s ge...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
What the ex...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘prophe...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘Woodal...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
‘Boots on t...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘manage...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘early ...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘discip...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘empiri...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘never-...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘concep...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘new’ e...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘manage...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘reform...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The ‘reform...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
A quick sur...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
What ‘other...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Our experie...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The next st...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
What the oi...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
…and a few ...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
What do the...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Business ha...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
On to trans...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Some transf...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Where could...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Positivity ...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Positivity ...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Positive pe...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Positivity ...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
We can choo...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Where now?
...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Beyond phil...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
The key que...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
So, are you...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
Thank you
2...
Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
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Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
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Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
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Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes?
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Mineral exploration culture & leadership - Sykes & Trench - Mar 2017 - Centre for Exploration Targeting

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Mineral exploration culture & leadership - Sykes & Trench - Mar 2017 - Centre for Exploration Targeting

  1. 1. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? John Sykes123 and Allan Trench456* 1. PhD Candidate, Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia 2. Casual Lecturer, Business School, The University of Western Australia 3. Director, Greenfields Research, United Kingdom 4. Professor of Practice, Business School, The University of Western Australia 5. Professor of Risk & Value, Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia 6. Associate Consultant, CRU Group, United Kingdom * Today’s presenter 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Action Sports Photography / Shutterstock.com Image: Alex Millauer / Shutterstock.com Slide 1 of 44
  2. 2. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Something we all know about exploration? Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: clipartkid.com Slide 2 of 44
  3. 3. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? A salient quote to start “…the leadership… and management’s confidence in the multidisciplinary exploration teams was most critical. Finally, an economic discovery was confirmed by hole RDD 10.” - Roy Woodall (1994), discussing the discovery of Olympic Dam 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: ethw.org Slide 3 of 44
  4. 4. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Now a recent anecdote • Culture • Economics • Innovation • Media • Psychology • Strategy • Teams …oh, and geoscience • A group of young exploration geologists set up a Slack* group to discuss exploration (@ExplorationTalk). • What do you think are the key topics they want to discuss as young explorers keen to make discoveries? * Don’t know what Slack is? Ask a millennial! But as a start, it’s a $2 billion dollar tech start-up only 3- years old that is worth more than the global junior exploration sector combined… and it will probably replace your IT system in the next 5- years – you’ll never send an email again! 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 4 of 44
  5. 5. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? So let’s get to the point • ‘Everyone’ keeps saying things like ‘culture’, ‘leadership’, ‘management’, ‘teams’, ‘innovation’, ‘strategy’, etc., are important in minerals exploration – at least since the 1960s (Kruger, 1969); • Yet, young explorers today (nearly 50 years later), whilst confident with geoscience and technology are still struggling with these concepts; • Why have we not developed a better understanding of the ‘soft-skills’ required for minerals exploration, if they are so important? • Are ‘soft skills’ the all important ‘emperor’ of minerals exploration, or are soft skills the equivalent of the ‘emperor’s new clothes’ – a transparent luxury? • In this presentation, we’ll look at how mineral exploration industry views ‘soft-skills’, then what some ‘actual’ experts say on these issues, and finally ask some questions of ourselves as minerals explorers. 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Action Sports Photography / Shutterstock.com Image: Alex Millauer / Shutterstock.com Slide 5 of 44
  6. 6. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? What the exploration experts say Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: mining.com; Northern Miner; gsa.org.au; AFR; ethw.org; S2 Resources; McKinsey & Co.; AIG.org; Phillips Gold; BCG; CET; UWA; CET; University of Queensland; UWA; MinEx Consulting Slide 6 of 44
  7. 7. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘prophets’ Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Kingofwallpapers.com Slide 7 of 44
  8. 8. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘Woodall Way’ • Key figures: Roy Woodall (WMC) • Legend and myth – halo affect • Australia & Canada (though less) focused • Base metal-focused • Achieved exploration success • Focus on key discoveries and deposits – Olympic Dam, Broken Hill, Norseman, Kambalda, Yeelirrie etc. • Science and ‘geology’ focused • More conceptual, systems and model focused (though still an empiricist) • Industry-focused • ‘Visionary’ and ‘confident’ • Follows in the earlier path of Haddon King (CRA) Based on: Woodall, 1984a,b,c, 1985, 1994 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 8 of 44
  9. 9. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? ‘Boots on the ground’ • Key figure: David Lowell • Legend & ‘Hall of Famer’ • Americas focused • Copper porphyry-focused • Achieved exploration success • Focus on key deposits such as Escondida • Focus on size, production and eventual mining • Adventurer-explorer, individualistic, libertarian • Science and ‘geology’ focused • Practical ‘boots on the ground’ approach • Anti-technology • Industry-focused • Profit and finance focused (though with scepticism) “They are not overspecialized or overeducated. They work in small teams with small budgets. They are concerned with hammers, sample bags and drill rigs. They are not much concerned with computers and black boxes.” - Lowell (2000) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 9 of 44
  10. 10. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘management consultants’ Key figure: McKinsey & Co. • Corporate focus • Interested in ‘success’ • Australian focus • First to focus on leadership, culture, strategy, organization management, people, teams, etc. • Focus on economics – spend, costs etc., • More qualitative in approach • Keen on hypothesis testing – drilling, targets etc. • ‘Lean’ organisation focus • ‘People’ and ‘talent’ focused Based on: McKInsey, 1975 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 10 of 44
  11. 11. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘early exploration economists’ Key figure: Brian Mackenzie • Interested in economics, strategy, decision- making • Amongst the first post-WWII people to tackle these issues • Corporate & academic focus • Focus on economics – spend, costs etc., • Applied quantitative techniques to analyse profits, probabilities etc., • South African focus Based on: Mackenzie, 1973, Robinson & Mackenzie, 1987 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 11 of 44
  12. 12. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘disciples’ Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Hollywood.com Slide 12 of 44
  13. 13. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘empirical positivists’ Key figures: Neil Phillips & Julian Vearncombe • Australia & Africa focused • Gold-focused • Believe explorers are currently successful • Geologists • Data and observation focused • Practical, applied, scientific • Industry-focused • Disciples of David Lowell? • But more technological and conceptual 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 13 of 44
  14. 14. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘never-say-die libertarians’ Key figures: Robert Friedland, Mark Creasy & Mark Bennett • Australia & globally-focused • Nickel, copper & gold-focused • Successful explorers • Believe in people, science, culture, and independence • Entrepreneurial mindset, anti-bureaucracy • Frontier, libertarian, often anti-government attitude • Disciples of Lowell (libertarian attitude) and McKinsey (small company mindset) • But more technology-focused and conceptual in attitude 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 14 of 44
  15. 15. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘conceptual geoscientists’ • Key figures: David Groves, Jon Hronsky, Cam McCuaig (CET) & Dan Wood • Australia & Africa focused • Gold and nickel focused • Concerned about declining exploration performance • Geoscientists – keen on interdisciplinary work with geochemistry, geophysics, etc., • Keen on new technologies • Theoretical, conceptual, scientific • Advocates of mineral systems theory, search space theory, and targeting theory • Academia-focused • Disciples of Roy Woodall? Based on: McCuaig, 2013a,b,c; McCuaig et al., 2000, 2010, 2013, 2014; McCuaig and Trench, 2015; McCuaig and Hronsky, 2014; Sykes et al., 2016 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 15 of 44
  16. 16. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘new’ exploration economists Key figures: Pietro Guj & Richard Schodde • New crop of industry technical professions interested in applying economics to mineral exploration; • Guj has focused on probabilistic decision making in exploration and quantitative assessment of resource endowments; • Schodde continues the provision of data on exploration trends and analysis; • Analysis reveals a somewhat pessimistic perspective on the success of minerals exploration – low discovery rates, fewer big discoveries, rising costs, increased barriers; • Both provide research to governments encouraging minerals and exploration investment 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 16 of 44
  17. 17. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘management consultants’ (again) Key figures: BCG • Corporate focus • Interested in ‘success’ • Australian focus • Most recent to focus on leadership, culture, strategy, organization management, people, teams, etc. • Focus on economics – spend, costs etc., • More qualitative in approach • Keen on hypothesis testing – drilling, targets etc. • ‘Lean’ organisation focus • ‘People’ and ‘talent’ focused Based on: McKInsey, 1975 Based on: Koch et al., 2015 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 17 of 44
  18. 18. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘reformationists’ Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Ryan Reeves (Youtube) Slide 18 of 44
  19. 19. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The ‘reformationists’ (some!) The ‘systems thinkers’ (e.g. McCuaig & Hronsky, 2014; Craske, 2017) The ‘psychologists’ (e.g. Hronsky et al., 2013) The ‘neuroscientists’ (e.g. Sivarajah et al., 2014; Beresford, 2016) The ‘social scientists’ (e.g. Sykes et al., 2016) The ‘creatives’ (e.g. Wood, 2010) The (supply chain) ‘integrators’ (e.g. McCuaig et al., 2000) The ‘collaborators’ (e.g. McCuaig et al., 2014) The ‘philosophers’ (e.g. Vann & Stewart, 2011) The ‘futurists’ (e.g. Sykes & Trench, 2016; Sykes, 2017; Sykes et al., 2017) The ‘technologists’ (e.g. Deep Exploration Technologies CRC) The ‘hackers’ (e.g. Goldcorp & Integra Gold competitions) The ‘business school’ (e.g. Trench, 2013; Trench & Sykes, 2016) The ‘communicators’ (e.g. Exploration Radio) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) The ‘UNCOVERs’ (i.e. UNCOVER programme) The ‘diversifiers’ (e.g. Trench, 2013; Trench & Sykes, 2016) Images:Shutterstock;UNCOVER;ExplorationRadio;DETCRC;Goldcorp&IntegraGold Slide 19 of 44
  20. 20. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? A quick survey… Hands up if you’re a geoscientist: But where are the outside voices? …and the women? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Clearly, geoscientists are needed for exploration… Images: Shutterstock Slide 20 of 44
  21. 21. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? What ‘other’ exploration experts say Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Shutterstock Slide 21 of 44
  22. 22. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Our experience may not lead to expertise • Kahneman (2011) shows that the validity of an environment defines whether it is possible to become expert in that environment; • High validity environments have a strong link between professional input and resultant outputs; • Thus, in high validity environments experience leads to learning & expertise – your ‘System 1’ learns; • However, this requires time, focus and direction (a.k.a. professionalism); • Low validity environments have a weak link between professional input and resultant outputs; • Thus, in low validity environments experience does not lead to learning & expertise. • In low validity environments algorithms and analysis works better than experience – so use your ‘System 2’. Firefighting: A high validity environment (experience & intuition matters) Stock picking: A low validity environment (experience & intuition doesn’t matter – just use an algorithm) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 22 of 44
  23. 23. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The next stage of thinking • What about leadership, culture & ‘soft skills’? • None of us likely have a broad enough experience base, so our ‘knowledge’ is likely very biased… • Some aspects of leadership, culture & ‘soft skills’ may be ‘low validity’ anyway, meaning our experience is not teaching us anything and we need to consider more formal modes of learning; • So where else can we learn about exploration to broaden and build our experience and knowledge base? Source: Stanborough, 2017 “We cannot become what we need to be by remaining what we are.” - Masters (1991) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 23 of 44
  24. 24. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? What the oil industry says • Some ideas borrowed from petroleum exploration: Search space or “invisible frontiers” (e.g. Masters, 1991) Petroleum systems (e.g. Magoon & Beaumont, 1991) Probabilistic economic evaluation (e.g. Rose, 1987) Libertarian culture (e.g. Masters, 1991) Creative exploration (e.g. Foster & Beaumont, 1992) Philosophy of exploration (e.g. Foster & Beaumont, 1992) “There exist more formidable barriers to success in oil-finding than the lack of perfected methods and techniques of exploration: the ultra-conservatism of the trained scientist and engineer, the tendency of the human mind to discount or to ignore the significance of what remains unknown to it, the restriction of free enterprise, these have been greater handicaps to success in the search for oil fields over the world. Where oil fields are really found, in the final analysis, is in the minds of men…” - Pratt (1952) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images:Shutterstock;Wikipedia Slide 24 of 44
  25. 25. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? …and a few other industries Industrial R&D (e.g. Wood, 2010) High technology (e.g. McKinsey, 1975) Pharmaceutical R&D (e.g. Hronsky, 2009) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 25 of 44
  26. 26. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? What do the actual experts say? Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 26 of 44
  27. 27. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Business has looked at this before… Economics (1770s) Leadership (1840s) Management (1910s) Human Relations (1920s) Motivation (1940s) Innovation (1940s) Organisations (1950s) Culture (1980s) Teamwork (1980s) …and so have we! 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 27 of 44
  28. 28. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? On to transformational change… Two broad options: • Consult the business literature on core issues of leadership, culture, management etc., • However, as the business literature is broadly applicable to all aspects of business (including mineral exploration) this is not really entering ‘new’ thought space – it’s on the ‘boundary’ • The other option is to investigate what other industries and disciplines may have to say that is relevant to exploration • This is where the truly transformational changes are likely to come from Source: Stanborough, 2017 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 28 of 44
  29. 29. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Some transformational ‘reformationists’ Self-organising critical systems and mineral systems (Hronsky & McCuaig, 2014) Biases and heuristics in exploration decision making (Hronsky et al., 2013) Ecological systems and mineral systems (Craske, 2017) Neuroscience and exploration (Beresford, 2016) Neuroscience and exploration image processing (Sivarajah et al., 2014) Social licence as an exploration advantage (Sykes et al., 2016) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images:Shutterstock&Sivarajahetal.,2014 Slide 29 of 44
  30. 30. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Where could we see transformation? • Futurist Jon Turney (2010) highlights four transformational areas of science (sorry, geology isn’t one): Genetics & biotechnology Computer science & IT Nanotechnology Brain science From the perspective of ‘soft skills’, leadership & culture this looks interesting? What’s going on in brain science nowadays? Answer: a lot of ‘positive’ stuff (literally) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 30 of 44
  31. 31. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Positivity leads to creative exploration • Kahneman (2011) highlights a ‘System 1’ bias known as ‘cognitive ease’; • It occurs when we are in a good mood; • It makes us more intuitive & open-minded; • In ‘dangerous’ situations this leaves us vulnerable to deceit when we do not take time for consideration (‘System 2’); • But in ‘safe’ situations it leads to creativity. 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 31 of 44
  32. 32. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Positivity aids exploration long-termism • Barbara Fredrickson in her book ‘Positivity’ (2009) outlines the ‘Build & Grow’ theory: • Pessimistic & critical thinking protects us from short-term risks (survival instinct); • Positive, creative & optimistic thinking allows us the ‘build’ for the long-term. • Exploration-thinking which is inherently long-term, and somewhat creative therefore requires a positive culture to thrive? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 32 of 44
  33. 33. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Positive people aid exploration ‘culture’ • Fredrickson (2009) observed: • If you are trying to build a creative, long-term thinking, positive-minded team, certain people are more positive than others, and thus more likely to be fruitful team members. • Including east Asians, especially Buddhists (who are brought up in this style of long- term, positive thinking) • And ‘older’ people, often retired, who have acquired this wisdom over time. 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 33 of 44
  34. 34. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Positivity makes better exploration teams • Adam Grant (2013) advocates for an open and collaborative team culture; • People are either: ‘givers’, ‘takers’, or ‘matchers’; • ‘Givers’ perform either spectacularly well or spectacularly badly; • It depends on how many ‘takers’ they meet; • You need to protecting your ‘givers’ with a positive, communicative, and transparent work-environment, policed by the ‘matchers’; • This forces ‘takers’ to reform into ‘givers’, or at least into ‘matchers’ 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 34 of 44
  35. 35. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? We can choose our culture? “One evening an old Cherokee told his grandson about a battle that goes on inside people. He said, ‘My son, the battle is between two wolves inside us all. One is Evil. It is anger, envy, jealousy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority, and ego. The other is Good. It is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and faith.’ The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, ‘Which wolf wins?’ The old Cherokee simply replied, ‘The one you feed.’” ‘Anonymous’ in Fredrickson (2009) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: onsizzle.com Slide 35 of 44
  36. 36. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Where now? Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: The emperor or the emperor’s new clothes ? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 36 of 44
  37. 37. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Beyond philosopher-kings… “Unless… leaders are indeed Platonic philosopher-kings, endowed with extraordinary wisdom, they will surely fail sooner or later, and then the whole circus will start again, probably with the same result.” - Grint (2010) 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Images: Shutterstock Slide 37 of 44
  38. 38. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? The key questions and proposals 1. Do you really believe culture and leadership matters in exploration? • Yes – Go to question 3 • No – Go question 2 2. Can you prove that it doesn’t matter? • Yes – Send us the data! • No – Go to proposal 3. Can you prove that it does matter? • Yes – Send the data & go to question 4 • No – Go to proposal 4. Can you demonstrate which leadership styles and cultures are most effective? • Yes – Send us the data & go to question 5 • No – Go to the proposal 5. Have you considered the literature on leadership styles and culture beyond the exploration industry? • Yes – Send us the data! • No – Go to the proposal The Proposal We as a minerals exploration profession should design a project to collate data on different exploration leadership styles, cultures, and soft skills, incorporating genuinely radical, external expertise, then empirically determine which do and do not work, in what context, and then seek to make the relevant inter- disciplinary contacts to implement these new approaches. 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 38 of 44
  39. 39. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? So, are you wearing any clothes? 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Action Sports Photography / Shutterstock.com Image: Alex Millauer / Shutterstock.com Slide 39 of 44
  40. 40. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? Thank you 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Image: Action Sports Photography / Shutterstock.com Image: Alex Millauer / Shutterstock.com Slide 40 of 44
  41. 41. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? References [1] Batten, K., 2013, Culture leads to discovery: Friedland, MiningNews.net, 22 March Batten, K., 2016, Culture more important than strategy: Bennett, MiningNews.net, 8 April Beresford, S., 2016, Neuroscience and thinking, in, Thinking Skills for Resource Industry Professionals Workshop (ed. T. Craske), Geowisdom & Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia & Curtin University, Perth, WA, 20-21 April Bright, S., Connor, G., Turner, A., & Vearncombe, J., 2014, Drill core, structure and digital technologies, Applied Earth Science, 123:1, p47-68 Brown, L., & Vearncombe, J., 2014, Critical analysis of successful gold exploration methods, Applied Earth Science, 123:1, p18-24 Carlyle, T., 1841, On heroes, hero-worship, and the heroic in history, James Fraser: London, UK Craske, T., 2016, Thinking Skills for Resource Industry Professionals Workshop, Geowisdom & Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia & Curtin University, Perth, WA, 20-21 April Craske, T., 2017, Systems thinking for discovery: Why we need a systems thinking approach to studying mineral systems and ore systems, TARGET, Perth, WA, 19-21 April, in press Deal, T.E., & Kennedy, A.A., 1982, Corporate cultures: The rites and rituals of corporate life, Addison-Wesley Publishing: Boston, MA Deep Exploration Technologies CRC: http://detcrc.com.au/ Exploration Radio: http://www.explorationradio.com/ Foster, N.H., & Beaumont, E.A., (comps.), 1992, Oil is first found in the mind: The philosophy of exploration, Treatise of Petroleum Geology Reprint Series, No., 20, American Association of Petroleum Geologists: Tulsa, OK Fredrickson, B., 2009, Positivity: Groundbreaking Research Reveals How to Embrace the Hidden Strength of Positive Emotions, Overcome Negativity, and Thrive, Crown Archetype, New York, NY Goldcorp, 2016, Goldcorp and Integra Gold to host #DisruptMining during PDAC 2017, 16 December Grant, A., 2013, Give and take: Why helping others drives our success, Viking: New York, NY Grint, K., 2010, Leadership: A very short introduction, Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK Guj, P., 2008, Statistical considerations of the progressive value and risk in mineral exploration, Resources Policy, 33, p150-159 Guj, P., Fallon, M., McCuaig, T.C., & Fagan, R., 2011, A time-series audit of Zipf’s Law as a measure of terrane endowment and maturity in mineral exploration, Economic Geology, 106, p241-259 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 41 of 44
  42. 42. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? References [2] Hendry, J., 2013, Management: A very short introduction, Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK Hronsky, J.M.A., Suchomel, B., & Welborn, J., 2013, Senior Exploration Management Course, Western Mining Services & Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia & Curtin University, Perth, WA, 18-21 June Kahneman, D., 2011, Thinking, fast and slow, Farrar, Straus and Giroux: New York, NY Koch, A., Schilling, D., & Upton, D., 2015, Tackling the crisis in mineral exploration, Boston Consulting Group, June Kruger, F.C., 1969, Mining: A business for professionals only, Mining Engineering, September, p83-88 Lowell, D.J., 2000, How orebodies are found, Mining Engineering, 52:7, p31 Lowell, D.J., 2014, Intrepid Explorer: The autobiography of the world’s best mine finder, Sentinel Peak Books: Tuscon, AZ Mackenzie, B.W., 1973, Corporate Exploration Strategies, Application of Computer Methods in the Minerals Industry, The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Johannesburg, p1-8 Magoon, L.B., & Dow, W.G., (eds.), 1994, The petroleum system – From source to trap, Memoir 60, American Association of Petroleum Geologists: Tulsa, OK Maslow, A.H., 1954, Motivation and personality, Harper & Brothers: New York, NY Masters, J.A., 1991, Exploration de-organization, The Leading Edge, January, p17-23 McCuaig, T.C., Vann, J., & Seymour, C., 2000, Dynamic links between geology and the mining process, 4th International Mining Geology Conference, Coolum, QLD, 14-17 May, p9-17 McCuaig, T.C., Beresford, S., & Hronsky, J., 2010, Translating the mineral systems approach into an effective exploration targeting system, Ore Geology Reviews, 38, p128-138 McCuaig, T.C., 2013a, Exploration targeting in a business context, Mineral Geoscience Masters, Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia & Curtin University, October McCuaig, T.C., 2013b, Mineral systems and exploration targeting, Mineral Geoscience Masters, Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia & Curtin University, October McCuaig, T.C., 2013c, UNCOVER: Searching the deep earth – A vision for exploration geoscience in Australia, AMEC Convention, Perth, WA, 3-4 September McCuaig, T.C., Porwal, A., Joly, A., & Ford, A., 2013, Managing uncertainty in exploration targeting, Mineral Geoscience Masters, Centre for Exploration Targeting, The University of Western Australia & Curtin University, October McCuaig, T.C., & Hronsky, J.M.A, 2014, The mineral system concept: The key to exploration targeting, Society of Economic Geologists, Special Publication 18, Chapter 8, p153-175 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 42 of 44
  43. 43. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? References [3] McCuaig, T.C., Vann, J., & Sykes, J.P., 2014, Mines versus mineralisation – Deposit quality, mineral exploration strategy and the role of ‘boundary spanners’, Ninth International Mining Geology Conference, Adelaide, SA, 18-20 August, p33-41 McCuaig, T.C., & Trench, A., 2015, Large company volunteer required: exploration champion, MiningNewsPremium.net, 6 July McKinsey & Company., 1975, Successful management of minerals exploration in Australia: Report to survey participants, 20 June, unpublished Peters, T., & Waterman, Jr, R.H., 1982, In search of excellence: Lessons from America's best-run companies, HarperCollins Publishers: New York, NY Phillips, G.N., 2011, Gold exploration success, Applied Earth Science, 120:1, p7-20 Phillips, G.N., 2013, Australian gold exploration – a quick audit (or how do we measure success?), AusIMM Bulletin, August, p22-25 Phillips, G.N., & Vearncombe, J.R., 2013, Australian gold exploration – following up the recent audit, AusIMM Bulletin, October, p76 PPR Australia, 2013, Mark Creasy opens up with rare insights and opinions, 5 November Pratt, W.E., 1952, Toward a philosophy of oil-finding, Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 36:12, p2231-2236 Robinson, R. L., & Mackenzie, B. W., 1987, Economic comparison of mineral exploration and acquisition strategies to obtain ore reserves. APCOM 87. Proceedings of the Twentieth International Symposium on the Application of Computers and Mathematics in the Mineral Industries. Volume 3: Geostatistics. The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Johannesburg, p279-300 Rose, P.R., 1999, Taking the risk out of petroleum exploration: The adaptation of systematic risk analysis by international corporations during the 1990s, The Leading Edge, 18, p192-199 Schodde, R., 2015, Survival rates and financial performance of Australian junior explorers, AusIMM Bulletin, February Schuiten, F., & Peeters, B., 2004, Cities of the fantastic: The invisible frontier – Volume 2, (J. Johnson, trans.), NBM Publishing: New York, NY Schumpeter, J.A., 1942, Capitalism, socialism and democracy, Harper & Brothers: New York, NY Sivarajah, Y., Holden, E-J., Togneri, R., Price, G., & Tan, T., 2014, Quantifying target spotting performances with complex geoscientific imagery using ERP P300 responses, Int. J. Human-Computer Studies, 72, p275-283 Smith, A., 1776, An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations, W. Strahan & T. Cadell: London, UK Sykes, J.P., & Trench, A., 2016, Using scnearios to investigate the long-term future of copper mining and guide exploration targeting strategies, International Mine Management Conference, Brisbane, QLD, 22- 24 August 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 43 of 44
  44. 44. Culture, leadership and other ‘soft skills’ in minerals exploration: the emperor or the emperor's new clothes? References [4] Sykes, J.P., Trench, A., McCuaig, T.C., Craske, T., Dwyer, J., Subramaniam, N., Sullivan, S.T.M., & Turner, W., 2016, Transforming the future of minerals exploration, AusIMM New Zealand Branch Conference, Wellington, NZ, 3-6 September Sykes, J.P., 2017, The energy transition: A mining and exploration industry perspective, World Renewable Energy Congress XVI, Perth, WA, 5-9 February, (Abstract) Sykes, J.P., Trench, A., & McCuaig, T.C., 2017, The future(s) of minerals exploration, TARGET, Perth, WA, 19-21 April, in press Taylor, F.W., 1911, The principles of scientific management, Harper & Brothers: New York, NY Trench, A., 2013, Strictly (Mining) Boardroom: Management insights from inside the resources sector, Major Street Publishing: Highett, VIC Trench, A., & Sykes, J.P., 2016, Strictly (Mining) Boardroom Volume II: A practitioners guide for next generation directors, Major Street Publishing: Highett, VIC Turney, J., 2010, The rough guide to the future, Rough Guides: London, UK Upton, D., 2010, The Olympic Dam Story: How Western Mining defied the odds to discover and develop the world’s largest mineral deposit, Upton Financial PR: Armadale, VIC UNCOVER: http://www.uncoverminerals.org.au/ Vann, J., & Stewart, M., 2011, Philosophy of science: a practical tool for applied geologists in the minerals industry, Applied Earth Science, 120:1, p21-30 Vearncombe, J., Conner, G., & Bright, S., 2016, Value from legacy data, Applied Earth Science, p1-16 Vearncombe, J., & Zelic, M., 2015, Structural paradigms for gold: do they help us find and mine?, Applied Earth Science, 124:1, p2-19 Whyte, W.H., 1956, The organization man, Simon & Schuster: New York, NY Wood, D., 2010, Mineral resource discovery – Science, art and business, SEG Newsletter, 80, January, p12-17 Woodall, R., 1984a, Success in Mineral Exploration: A Matter of Confidence, Geoscience Canada, 11:1, p41-46 Woodall, R., 1984b, Success in Mineral Exploration: Confidence in Prosperity, Geoscience Canada, 11:2, p83-90 Woodall, R., 1984c, Success in Mineral Exploration: Confidence in Science and Ore Deposit Models, Geoscience Canada, 11:3, p127-133 Woodall, R., 1985, Limited vision: A personal experience of mining geology and scientific mineral exploration, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:3, p231-237 Woodall, R., 1994, Empiricism and concept in successful mineral exploration, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 41:1, p1-10 28-31 March 2017 AMIRA International’s 11th Biennial Exploration Managers Conference (EMC) Slide 44 of 44
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Mineral exploration culture & leadership - Sykes & Trench - Mar 2017 - Centre for Exploration Targeting

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