As opposed to Renaissance art, which usually showed the moment before an event took place, Baroque artists chose the most dramatic point, the moment when the action was occurring
Even in his religious works, deities and saints were represented by "low-life's," commoners going about their daily lives. In these portrayals of seemingly common people a spiritual element is still captured. Caravaggio was able to do this because of his study of Renaissance and classical art from Rome.
This was especially seen in the symbolic portrayal of this theme by hanging a cross above a golden orb.
the language, manners, customs, and styles of France increasingly shaped those of the rest of Europe.French artists set the styles that the rest of Europe followed.
identified by elegant and detailed ornamentation and the use of curved, asymmetrical forms. Other elements of the style included graceful movement, playful use of line, and delicate coloring. Dominated by feminine taste and influence, the lively colors and playful subject matter made it suitable for interior decoration. The Rococo style was also used in portraiture and furniture and tapestry design.
It saw the rise of the British Imperial Empire; the newly formed United States was just one of the British settlements that began developing in this century, with many others springing up on other continents.
Renaissance• Is the period immediately following theMiddle Ages in Europe.• was used to describe an entire period ofrebirth, occurring between the 14th and17th centuries• proved to be a time of greattransformation of the artist as they came tooccupy a different place in society.
Characteristics of Art during theRenaissance Period• Incorporating a greater sense of light andcolor through new mediums.• Creating a sense of space was also amajor innovation of the time, as wasperspective, a clever device that causesyour eye to see in three-dimension
• Art during the Renaissance was mostlymade for commissions or religiousreasons.• Art that showed joy in human beauty andlifes pleasures.• Renaissance art is more lifelike than theart of the Middle Ages
• Renaissance artists studiedperspective, or the differences in the waythings look when they are close tosomething or far away.• The Renaissance artists painted in a waythat showed these differences.• As a result, their paintings seem to havedepth.
• Renaissance art sought to capture theexperience of the individual and thebeauty and mystery of the natural world.
Prominent Artists during theRenaissance Period1. Leonardo da Vinci- he was an artist and a scientist at a timewhen both art and science, he has cometo characterize the ultimate "RenaissanceMan."- His most famous works are the MonaLisa and the Last Supper.
2. Michelangelo Bounarotti- A skilled painter who spent many yearscompleting the frescoes that adorn theSistine Chapel.-Michelangelo had trained as a sculptor andcreated two of the worlds greateststatues--the enormous David and theemotional Pieta.
3. Raphael- He is credited with revolutionizing portraitpainting because of the style he used inthe portrait of Julius II.- In his painting The School of Athens, hereflected the classical influence uponRenaissance art
Characteristics of Art during 17th Century• Heralded by the Museum’s early Baroquepaintings from Italy and Spain.• throughout Italy, Baroque artists created workthat was realistic and yet believablyillusionistic, personal, and intensely dramatic.• Dutch artists depicted their world in directportraits, realistic stilllives, landscapes, marine scapes, and genrepaintings showing scenes of everyday life.
Baroque Art• characterized by great drama, rich, deepcolor, and intense light and dark shadows.• was meant to evoke emotion and passioninstead of the calm rationality that hadbeen prized during the Renaissance.
Prominent Artists during the 17thCentury1. Peter Paul Rubens- was arguably one of the best painters ofthe 17th century Baroque style, andcertainly the most famous NorthernEuropean painter of his day.- His works: The Fall of Phaeton, St.George and the Dragon etc.
2. Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio- used realism to convey a new dimension ofthe subjects that he painted- portrayed the things and life that he knew, fullof turbulence, and full of life.- was able to use light in a "divine" matter.- One of his works is The Calling of St.Matthew .
3. Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini- the successor and student of Michelangelo in bothsculpture and painting.- fused together architecture and sculpture to createa sense of spirituality and optical delight.- He also fused together Christian and paganiconography to create a feeling of Christianityovercoming the pagan religions of the ancients.- One of his works is The Ecstasy of St. Theresa.
Characteristic of Art during the 18thCentury• often called a time of Enlightenment.• In many respects the art of the 18thcentury is the art of France.• Though France led the way infashion, styles , manners, language, andmuch of art, Italy, Germany, and Englandall produced artists of originality andimportance.
• The 17th century examined physicalreality, while the 18th century examined themind.• Fantasies, reveries, ideas, and ideals of allkinds are imbedded in the diverse images ofthis period.• Guided by the intellect, art throughout most ofthe century is characterised by an artifice thatmarks it and its creators asurbane, sophisticated, and educated.
Rococo Art• also referred to as "Late Baroque", is an18th-century artistic movement and style• The term Rococo was derived from theFrench word, rocaille, meaning rock and shellgarden ornamentation.• The style appealed to the senses rather thanintellect, stressing beauty over depth.
Rococo Art• The movement portrayed the life of thearistocracy, preferring themes of romance,mythology, fantasy, every day life tohistorical or religious subject matter.• Rococo was a light, ornamental, andelaborate style of art.
Neoclassical Art• is characterized by its sense oforder, logic, clarity, and to anextent, realism.• Neoclassicism was a reaction in thedirection of order and restraint• focused on portraying political truths ofthat time in a dramatic way while rococoart was more decorative and light.
Prominent Artist during the 18thCentury1. Jacques Louis David- was a highly influential French painter inthe Neoclassical style, considered to bethe prominent painter of the era.- His works include: The Death ofSocrates, Oath of the Horatii etc.
Characteristic of Art during the 19thCentury• The nineteenth century was a rather busytime in the world.• Invention and discovery swelled as thebyproducts of the previous century’s age ofenlightenment, and resulted in theurbanization that took place.• Three of the major art movements of thisperiod wereNeoclassicism, Romanticism, andImpressionism.
Neoclasscism• reflect the rational way of thinking that was asignificant part of the Enlightenment of18thcentury Europe.• This intellectual movement emphasizedreason and drew from classical Greek andRoman style and content.• Art that is considered part of theNeoclassicism movement can be identified byits idealized forms and stable composition.
Romanticism• was based on emotion rather thanrationale, and placed an emphasis on theindividual rather than on society.• These works are characterized by a brighteruse of color and expressive brushstroke, andwere meant to evoke emotion.• Exotic subjects from foreign lands were alsomore prevalent in Romantic art.
Impressionism• this type of painting was characterized byloose, quick brush strokes.• A focus on one’s immediate impression ofa scene.
Prominent Artists during the 19thCentury Art1. Adolphe-William Bouguereau- He made a careful study of form andtechnique, steeped himself in classicalsculpture and painting and workeddeliberately and industriously.- He portrays children and domestic sceneswith tenderness, technical skill and richcolor.- His works include: Birth of Venus, ChildhoodIdyll etc.
2. Martin Johnson Heade- was one of the most inventive, versatile, andprolific -- his active career spanned almost seventyyears.- he painted a series of complex compositions thatcombine hummingbirds and lush tropicalflowers, particularly orchids, in landscape settingshe had studied on his travels.- His works include: Humming Birds, Ruby Roseetc.
The Creation of AdamThe Creation of Adam is a section of Michelangelos fresco Sistine Chapel ceiling painted circa1511. It is traditionally thought to illustrate the Biblical creation narrative from the Book of Genesis inwhich God breathes life into Adam, the first man. Chronologically the fourth in the series of panelsdepicting episodes from Genesis on the Sistine ceiling, it was among the last to be completed.
Boy with a Basket of Fruitc.1593, is a painting generally ascribed to Italian Baroque master Michelangelo Merisi daCaravaggio, currently in the Galleria Borghese, Rome.Caravaggio is being realistic, in capturing only what was in the fruit basket; he idealizes neither theirripeness nor their arrangement—yet almost miraculously, we are still drawn in to look at it; for the viewer itis very much a beautiful subject.
The Death of Socrates1787 painting by the French painter Jacques-Louis David. It represents the scene of thedeath of Greek philosopher Socrates, condemned to die by drinking hemlock, for theexpression of his ideas against those of Athens and corrupting the minds of the youth.This painting is currently on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
Cristo Della Minervaalso known as Christ theRedeemer or Christ Carryingthe Cross, is a marble sculptureby the Italian HighRenaissance master Michelangelo Buonarroti, finished in 1521.
The Ecstasy of St.TheresaThe Ecstasy of Saint Teresais the central sculpturalgroup in white marble set inan elevated aedicule in theCornaro Chapel, Santa Mariadella Vittoria, Rome.Started: 1647Completed: 1652Location: Santa Maria dellaVittoriaArtist: Gian Lorenzo BerniniMedia: White marblePeriod: Baroque
The MosesThe Moses(c. 1513–1515) isa sculpture by theMichelangeloBuonarroti, housed in thechurch of San Pietro inVincoli in Rome.Commissioned in 1505by Pope Julius II forhis tomb, it depictsthe Biblical figure Moseswith horns on hishead, based on adescription inthe Vulgate, the Latintranslation of the Bibleused at that time.
17th-19th Century Architecture• -Architects were slight of soul• -300 years of homogeneous architecture• -During the 17th Century buildings were monolithic• -18th and 19th Centuries building were multilithic• -The age of Revolutions: American, French, and Industrial• -Social Order shifted to urban society• -Mass Production• -Age of Revision for Architecture• -No unifying authority or standards• -Revival modes, only signature style - pastiche of the past• -Recycled a bewildering variety of styles• -Chaotic, besot with traditions• -Science and Social innovations flourished
Syon Park, Middlesex, UK, 1762-1769 - (Robert Adam)Syon Park. The crowning glory of Syon Parks gardens is the Great Conservatory. The 3rd Duke ofNorthumberland commissioned Charles Fowler to build a new conservatory in 1826, the first of its kind to be builtout of gunmetal, Bath stone and glass. It was originally designed to act as a show house for the Dukes exoticplants and inspired Joseph Paxton in his designs for the Crystal Palace.Robert Adam (1728-1792) Scottish designer Increased the true knowledge of Roman Architecture. Herefused to be a slave to the dictates of stylebooks. ―A Latitude in this respect is often productive of greatnovelty, variety, and beauty.‖
Royal Pavilion, Brighton, Sussex, England, 1815-1821 -(John Nash)The Royal Pavilion is a former royal residence located in Brighton, England. It was built in threecampaigns, beginning in 1787, as a seaside retreat for George, Prince of Wales, from 1811 PrinceRegent. It is often referred to as the Brighton Pavilion. It is built in the Indo-Saracenic style prevalent inIndia for most of the 19th century, with the most extravagant chinoiserie interiors ever executed in theBritish Isles.
Casa Mila, Barcelona, 1905-1910 -(Antoni Gaudí)better known as La Pedrera, is a building designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí and built during the years 1905–1910, beingconsidered officially completed in 1912. It is located at 92, Passeig de Gràcia (passeig is Catalan for promenade) in the Eixampledistrict of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was a controversial design at the time for the bold forms of the undulating stone facade andwrought iron decoration of the balconies and windows, designed largely by Josep Maria Jujol, who also created some of the plasterceilings.Antoni Gaudí i Cornet was a Spanish Catalan architect and figurehead of Catalan Modernism. Gaudís works reflect hishighly individual and distinctive style and are largely concentrated in the Catalan capital of Barcelona, notably his magnumopus, the Sagrada Família.
Sources• renaissance• http://www.students.sbc.edu/kitchin04/artandexpression/renaissance%20art.html• http://www.mrdowling.com/704-art.html• http://www.history.com/topics/renaissance-art• http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/projects/renaissance/artists.html• http://library.thinkquest.org/2838/artgal.htm• 17th century art• http://www.nortonsimon.org/european-art-17th-18th-centuries/• http://tours.daytonartinstitute.org/accessart/connect.cfm?TN=dw09• artists:• http://voices.yahoo.com/17th-century-artists-borromini-bernini-caravaggio-10474.html• http://emptyeasel.com/2007/05/01/peter-paul-rubens-baroque-painter-of-the-north/• 18th century art• http://myweb.rollins.edu/aboguslawski/Ruspaint/18intro.html• (rococo, neoclassical movements)• http://www.humanitiesweb.org/spa/gai/ID/464• 19th century art• http://wamtac.wordpress.com/art-history/19th-century-art/• artists: http://digitalconsciousness.com/renowned/19c.phtml