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Legal issues in Community health nursing

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Legal issues in Community health nursing

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Legal issues in Community health nursing

  1. 1. LEGAL ISSUES IN COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
  2. 2. Objectives • define legislation, regulations, judicial law and contract • Describe the source of law • list the function of legal law in nursing • restate the legal resource • describe the legal issues • list down the impact of law on community health nursing • Explains consumers protection act • summarize the legal safeguard in nursing
  3. 3. LEGAL ISSUES IN COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING Introduction Law is standard or rule of conduct established and enforced by the go vernment. Law in nursing protects the right of clients and nurses.
  4. 4. Terms Legislation is the type of law that comes from legislative branches of government at different levels - central , state or local. Regulations are very specific statemen ts or law that relate to individual piece of legislation.
  5. 5. Judicial law It is based on court or jurisdiction. The principles of judicial law are based on j ustice, fairness, respect of individual, autonomy, self determination. Contract : it is the mutual agreement between tw o or more individuals.
  6. 6. Sources of law a. Statutory law : Example :nurse practice act b. Administrative law : Example : board of nursing at state level c. Common law : The government provi des r judiciary system.
  7. 7. Functions of legal law in nursing • it provides a framework for establishing nursing actions • it differentiates the nurses responsibility from other healthcar e professionals
  8. 8. function conti. • it helps to establish boundaries for nursing action. • Helps to maintain the standards of nursing practice • It protects the right of client and nurse
  9. 9. Legal resources • Public libraries • Newspaper • Computer based
  10. 10. Legal issues A. Criminal law a)Felony : a crime of s serious nature Example : rape murder b)Misdemeanor : a lesser crime with a penalty of a fine.
  11. 11. B. Civil law a) Unintentional tort I.Negligence : failure of an individual t o do something or omissions of a parti cular act. II.Malpractice: carelessness by a prof essional person
  12. 12. b) Intentional tort I. Assault : any willful attempt or threat to harm another, coupled with the abilit y to actually harm the person. II. Battery: an intentional touching of another's body or touching or holding without consent.
  13. 13. III. Invasion of privacy: all aspects of patient care should be free from unwan ted publicity IV. Defamation of character: it is the act of holding up of person to ridicule. V. False imprisonment: making a person stay in a place against his/ her wishes
  14. 14. Impact of laws on community health nursing Practices a. Professionals negligence b. Scope of practice
  15. 15. Professionals negligence Or Malpractice It is defined as an act or failure to act, when a duty is owned to anothet that was not reasonable and that leads to injuries compensable by law.
  16. 16. b. Scope of Practice I. Special community health nursing pr actice and the law II. Home care and hospital services III. School and family health IV. Occupational health
  17. 17. Acts in safeguarding for clients Consumers protection act. (1986) COPRA is a piece of comprehensive legislation and recognises six rights of the consumer that us right to safety, right to be informed, right to choose, right to be heard, right to seek redressal and r ight to consumer education.
  18. 18. Consumer Protection Act committee consulting of medical professionals and senior advocates will hear the consumer and medical defaulters, make the judgment for situation.
  19. 19. Legal safeguard in nursing a)Credentialing :It includes licensure, registration and certification. b)Good samartian law : acts protecti ng those who choose to serve c) Standard care d) Good rapport e) Informed consent
  20. 20. Conclusion Each community health nurse must co nsider legal implications of practice in each clinical area . The quality care and right of clients can be met with no risk or harm to life.

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