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ESCAP 2015 - Jolanda van der Meer: workshop stigma

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ESCAP 2015 - Jolanda van der Meer: workshop stigma

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ESCAP 2015 - Jolanda van der Meer: workshop stigma

  1. 1. Jolanda van der Meer, PhD ESCAP, Saturday June 20th 2015 Destigmatisation No disclosures or conflict of interest
  2. 2. Jolanda van der Meer, PhD ESCAP, Saturday June 20th 2015 Destigmatisation ENCONTRAR-SE
  3. 3. Destigmatisation Outline • Which stigma sticks to you? • What is stigma? • ‘Helpful advices’ • Global initiatives • Conceal or reveal • Paradigms lost
  4. 4. Which stigma sticks to you? Destigmatisation
  5. 5. What is stigma? a) Negative societal perspective b) Negative self-perspective c) Negative culture, laws and regulations Destigmatisation
  6. 6. What is stigma? a) Negative societal perspective b) Negative self-perspective c) Negative culture, laws and regulations Destigmatisation
  7. 7. Stigma attached to mental illness 75% Due to a lack of empathy and knowledge about the illness? Source: www.cdc.gov Destigmatisation
  8. 8. An effort to reframe the conversation Destigmatisation What if people treated physical illness like mental illness? Source: Hugs, Robot. Helpful Advice. Cartoon. Robot Hugs. November 21, 2013. www.robot-hugs.com.
  9. 9. ‘Helpful Advice’ no. 1 Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  10. 10. ‘Helpful Advice’ no. 2 Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  11. 11. ‘Helpful Advice’ no. 3 Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  12. 12. ‘Helpful Advice’ no. 4 Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  13. 13. ‘Helpful Advice’ no. 5 Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  14. 14. ‘Helpful Advice’ no. 6 Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  15. 15. An effort to reframe the conversation What if people treated physical illness like mental illness? Source: www.robot-hugs.com Destigmatisation
  16. 16. Global initiatives in the fight against stigma United Kingdom: Time to Change Scotland: See me Scotland New-Zealand: Like Minds Like Mine Canada: Opening Minds & Beyond the Label United States: Stamp Out Stigma & Erasing The Distance Australia: Say no to stigma! Destigmatisation
  17. 17. Australia: Say no to stigma! Say no to stigma! SANE guide to reducing stigma • What harm does stigma do? Destigmatisation
  18. 18. Australia: Say no to stigma! Say no to stigma! SANE guide to reducing stigma • What harm does stigma do? 1. Stigma discourages help-seeking. 2. Stigma makes recovery harder. 3. Stigma promotes discrimination. 4. Stigma causes isolation. 5. Stigma affects family and friends. 6. Stigma affects society. 7. Stigma leads to self-stigma. Destigmatisation
  19. 19. Australia: Say no to stigma! Say no to stigma! SANE guide to reducing stigma • What harm does stigma do? • The power of the media Destigmatisation
  20. 20. Australia: Say no to stigma! Say no to stigma! SANE guide to reducing stigma • What harm does stigma do? • The power of the media 1. Linking mental illness to crime and violence. 2. Mockery. 3. Labeling people by their illness. 4. Misuse of medical terms. Destigmatisation
  21. 21. UK: Time to Change What does stigma feel like? Outcomes set by the Time To Change programme •Significantly increased public awareness. •Increased empowerment for 100.000 people. •Break down discrimination and improve well-being for 274.500 people. Source: British Journal of Psychiatry, 2013 (Vol.202, Issue 55). Destigmatisation
  22. 22. UK: Time to Change SAPPHIRE research programme CORAL: conceal or reveal. Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  23. 23. CORAL: Conceal or reveal. King’s College London Guide to telling about a mental health condition Thirty minutes workshop Suppose you and the person next to you are co-workers, and one of you suffers from mental health problems. Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  24. 24. Conceal or reveal. Which are your main pro’s and con’s of disclosure? Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  25. 25. Conceal or reveal. Which are your disclosure needs? Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  26. 26. Conceal or reveal. Which are your disclosure values? Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  27. 27. Conceal or reveal. When would you disclose? Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  28. 28. Conceal or reveal. Who would you disclose to? Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  29. 29. Conceal or reveal. What did you decide? Sources: http://www.sapphire.iop.kcl.ac.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl Destigmatisation
  30. 30. Research insights • Intergenerational. • Knowledge, attitude and behavior? • Or… new perspectives. Challenge key paradigms currently held about the prevention or reduction of stigma attached to mental illness. Destigmatisation Source: http://www.cipd.co.uk
  31. 31. Research insights 1. If not knowledge, attitude and behavior, what is the origin of stigma? Stigma’s are sensitive to cultural differences, differ for distinct disorders and exist on an individual, interpersonal and structural level. Destigmatisation Sources: http://www.cipd.co.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl
  32. 32. Research insights 2. What are ultimate goals in the fight against stigma? Increased quality of life and breaking down barriers that create and maintain social inequities. Destigmatisation Sources: http://www.cipd.co.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl
  33. 33. Research insights 3. Who plays what role in the fight against stigma? Partnership in local communities. Based on experiences from the patients themselves Destigmatisation Sources: http://www.cipd.co.uk ; http://www.kenniscentrumphrenos.nl
  34. 34. Destigmatisation Mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of, but stigma shames us all.
  35. 35. Contact: Jolanda van der Meer j.vandermeer@kenniscentrum-kjp.nl @DeKennis http:nl.linkedin.com/jolandavandermeer

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