Abstract Art - A recreation of a subject matters shapes and colors so that it becomes unrecognizable and non-objective
Cubism - The breaking down of an object into rectangular or square cubes through color transparency and overlapping rendetions
Purita Kalaw Ledesma - Purita Villanueva Kalaw-Ledesma was a patron of the arts and founder of the Art Association of the Philippines (AAP). She is a businesswoman and an art collector in 1948.
In the first art competition of the Art Association of the Philippines (AAP), six major prizes were won by the modernists. The nextthree years of AAP competitions were a repeat of the first competition arousing hostilities from the conservative group led by Fernando Amorsolo and Tolentino.
The following are the Artists and their contributions of the Philippine Contemporary ArtVicente Manansala *Cubism
Jose Tanig Joya was born in Manila on June3, 1931, the son of Jose Joya Sr. and Asuncion. He graduated from the University of the Philippines (UP) in 1953 with a bachelors degree in fine arts, earning the distinction of being the universitys first magna cum laude.
In 1954 to 1955, the Instituto de Cultura Hispanica of the Spanish government awarded him a painting grant in Madrid. A year later he finished his masters degree in painting under aFulbright Smith-Mundt grant. He also received agrant from the John D. Rockefeller III Fund and Ford Foundation to paint in New York, from 1967 to 1969.
In 1976, Napoleon V. Abueva, then 46, was the youngestFilipino to become a National Artist. Known as the Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture, he is a master in both academic representational style and modern abstract. His works have been executed using almost all kinds ofmaterials, including hard wood like molave, acacia, langka wood, ipil, kamagong, palm wood and bamboo, adobe, metal, stainless steel, cement, marble, bronze, iron, alabaster, coral, and brass. He even combines different materials, like wood with metal and stone.
Under a Pura Villanueva-Kalaw Scholarship, Abuevagraduated from the University of the Philippines School ofFine Arts in 1953 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Sculpture. He received much recognition as early as his college years, during which he was mentored by Guillermo Tolentino, the first National Artist for Sculpture andcreator of the UP Oblation. For three years in a row (1951-1953), he won first prize and best entry awards in sculpture in the Art Association of the Philippines annual competition. One of his works from this period is the Kagampan or Kaganapan, which is considered mostrepresentative of his work. He also received recognition in the Institute of Contemporary Arts’ International Sculpture Competition in London, England for The Unknown Political Prisoner.