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child and language development

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child and language development

  1. 1. Child and Language Development :ByAmal salah
  2. 2. Child and Language Development IntroductionLanguage development in children is aprocess that starts early in human life, whena child begins to acquire language by. learning it as it is spoken and by mimicry
  3. 3. Child and Language Development ?What is language ?What is speech?How do children acquire language
  4. 4. Language is a code that we learn to use in order to communicate?What is language ideas and express our wants and needs. Reading, writing, speaking, and some forms of . language Speech is the spoken form of . language What is ?speech Children learn language and speech by listening to the language around them and How do children practicing what they hear. In this way, they figure out the rules of acquire the language code. It is not learned all at once but in stages ?language . over time
  5. 5. Children go through a number of differentstages as languagedevelops, from theearliest stage of producing cooing soundsthrough being able to produce.complexmulti-word sentences
  6. 6. ? How do a children acquire language
  7. 7. Babbling : 3 - 9 MonthsVocalization with intonation -Responds to his name-Responds to human voices without visual-. cues by turning his head and eyesResponds appropriately to friendly and - . angry tones
  8. 8. Single Words : 9-12 MonthsUses one or more words with meaning (this-( may be a fragment of a word.Understands simple instructions,-especially if vocal or physical cues are .givenPractices inflection-Is aware of the social value of speech-
  9. 9. Two Words : 12 - 18 MonthsHas vocabulary of approximately 5--20 words . ..... .. .Vocabulary made up chiefly of nouns-Some echolalia (repeating a word or .(phrase over and over .Much jargon with emotional content Is able-. to follow simple commands .
  10. 10. Multi-word Sentences 24 MonthsCan name a number of objects-Is able to use at least two prepositions-in, on, under ))Combines words into a short sentence-Rhythm and fluency often poor-Volume and pitch of voice not yet - well-controlledCan use two pronouns correctly: - I, me, you, although me and I are often confusedResponds to such commands as “show me your - ----(” eyes (nose, - mouth, hair
  11. 11. Children : 36 MonthsUse pronouns I, you and me correctly-using some plurals and past tenses-Handles three word sentences easily-Understands most simple -questions dealing with his I want toenvironment and activities sleepAble to reason out such -questions as “what must you do when you are?”sleepy, hungry, cool, or thirstyShould be able to give his sex, name, age-
  12. 12. Children : 48 Months RedKnows names of familiar animals- BlueNames common objects in picture - green books or magazinesKnows one or more colors-Can repeat 4 digits when they are given slowly-Can usually repeat words of four syllables-Demonstrates understanding of over and underUnderstands such concepts as longer, larger, - when a contrast is presentedReadily follows simple commands even thought - the stimulus objects are not in sightMuch repetition of words, phrases, syllables, and - even sounds
  13. 13. Children 3 yearsCan use many descriptive words- .Knows common opposites: big-little, hard-soft, heave-- ....,lightCan count to ten- .Should have all vowels and the consonants,-m,p,b,k,g,td,n,g,yShould be able to repeat sentences as long as nine words -Should be able to define common objects -( in terms of use hat, shoe, chairShould be able to follow three commands - given without interruptionsShould know his age-Should have simple time concepts: morning, afternoon,-night, . day, later, after ,Tomorrow, yesterday, todayShould be using fairly long sentences and should use some -
  14. 14. Children : 6 YearsIn addition to the above consonants these -.should be mastered: f, v, sh, zh, thShould have concepts of 7 words-Speech should be completely -intelligible and socially usefulShould be able to tell one a rather -connected story about a picture, seeingrelationships between objects andhappenings
  15. 15. ConclusionAs children age, they continue to learn morenew words every day. By the time they enterschool around the age of five, childrentypically have a vocabulary of 10,000 words.or more