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The Province of North Africa

Learn about the Province of North Africa as it was under the Romans. Explore Caesarea and Timgad (the city created specifically by Trajan, one of the five good emperors).

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The Province of North Africa

  1. 1. The Province of Africa By: Mackenzie
  2. 2. 146 BCE-5th Century CE • The Romans first acquired the province of Africa after the Third Punic War when Carthage was razed to the ground. • With the control of Africa, the Romans gained a lucrative trading post and fertile lands. • Roman rule in Africa ended in the 5th century CE when the Vandals (a barbarian tribe) invaded the province and took control of it.
  3. 3. Gordianus the First • The African province revolted in 237 CE against Maximinus Thrax (a Thracian peasant who usurped the throne from the Roman Emperor Alexander Severus). • Gordianus and his son (Gordian the Younger) were crowned as Emperors by the troops in Africa. • The senate in Rome gladly accepted the new Emperors because they disliked the barbarian Maximinus and because the Gordians came from a rich, illustrious family like themselves.http://viamus.uni-
  4. 4. Caesarea • This famous city was located on the coast of Northern Africa. • It was founded by the Phoenicians in the 5th century BCE, and it came under Roman rule in 33 BCE. • It became the capital of the province Mauretania Caesarensis in 44 CE because it was loyal and economically important to the Empire (fertile soil). • It has Roman baths, theaters, aqueducts, and forums. • The city was named after Augustus Caesar.
  5. 5. Caesarea area_(North_Africa)/ Today, it is modern Cherchell.
  6. 6. Timgad (modern day Algeria) • Timgad was a city in Northern Africa that was founded by Trajan as a community for his retired soldiers in 100 CE. • The city covers 30 acres, had 15,000 inhabitants, and had two main streets that divided the grid into quarters (the decumanus and cardo). • A triumphal arch marked the entrance to the city. • There was a library, public baths, temples, and a forum. North-Africa-Africa-Posters_i8738725_.htm
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  8. 8. Contribution to the Roman World • The African legion (Legio III Augustus) was strong, reliable, and had distinguished generals (i.e. Lusius Quietus). • At least ten Roman leaders came from the African province (i.e. Septimius Severus and Pescennius Niger). • The province produced grain, a valuable commodity that was shipped to the port at Ostia. • Ivory and wild animals (for gladiatorial shows) were shipped from Northern Africa to Rome.
  9. 9. Sources • Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Gibbon • Art History textbook, Marilyn Stokstad • php • of-the-roman-empire/ • •