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Implementing Evaluation Criteria for Sustainability-EVALMENA 2020

The paper is discussing how to intentionally implement the five evaluation criteria during the planning and in progress to ensure the organizational and financial sustainability, and to foster a culture of accountability and learning.
Presented by:
Maram Barqawi, Sr. Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Specialist - Jordan
Neda’a Abu Jahel MSc in Fundraising and Accounting - Gaza

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Implementing Evaluation Criteria for Sustainability-EVALMENA 2020

  1. 1. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 1 Implementing Evaluation Criteria for Sustainability 8th EVALMENA Conference Evaluation for Sustainable Development and Change Conference 28 February 2019 – Dead Sea- Jordan • Maram Barqawi, Sr. Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Specialist • Neda’a Abu Jahel MSc in Fundraising and Accounting
  2. 2. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 2 Content: Topic • Purpose • Sustainability • Evaluation criteria • Plan to implement the criteria • Study Context • Purpose • Tool and Methodology • Findings • Recommendations • InfoGraphic • Ref.s
  3. 3. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 3 Purpose: The paper is discussing how to intentionally implement the five evaluation criteria during planning and in progress to ensure the organizational and financial sustainability, and to foster a culture of accountability and learning. Study, targeting random NGOs in Gaza, to browse the correlation between implementing the Evaluation criteria’s and sustaining the fund
  4. 4. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 4 Sustainability meaning: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/sustainability
  5. 5. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 5 Sustainability from NGO point of view: Continuing to perform and deliver project benefits to the primary target group after the funding from a donor terminates. In other words, sustainability is to maintain and continue your efforts after the funding is over. 1.Financial sustainability: It refers to ensuring a steady flow of funds and generating revenue for maintaining and continuing the organizations work. 2.Organizational Sustainability: It refers to ensuring proper working of your organization and institutions that were developed as part of the project. 3.Programmatic Sustainability: It means to continue the organizations projects and programme in the absence of donor support. Types of sustainability
  6. 6. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 6 Evaluation Criteria : OECD-DAC Five Evaluation Criteria 1991 Relevance:—This criteria examines the extent to which the objectives of a project matched the priorities or policies of major stakeholders (including beneficiaries). Effectiveness—This criteria examines whether outputs led to the achievement of the planned outcome. Efficiency—This criteria assesses outputs in relation to inputs. Impact—This criteria assesses what changes (intended and unintended) have occurred as a result of the work. Sustainability— Looks at how far changes are likely to continue in the longer term. ‫المالئمة‬ ‫الفعالية‬ ‫الكفاءة‬ ‫األثر‬ ‫االستدامة‬
  7. 7. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 7 How to implement the 5 Criteria: Relevancy:  Perform needs assessments before proposing interventions,  Involve all stakeholders (local & Inter) and consider their priorities ,  Consider Gender equity and differences,  Collect a comprehensive baseline to reflect the pre status.
  8. 8. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 8 How to implement the 5 Criteria: Effectiveness:  Financial, human and material resources are available,  Resources are fully utilized,  Intervention expenses are compatible with the budget,  Activities are implemented within time and resources,  The financial system is available to properly managing expenses vs budget,  Outcomes are achieved as planned
  9. 9. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 9 How to implement the 5 Criteria: Efficiency:  Logical Model is developed to describe the intervention causal pathway,  Result-Based M&E system is developed  Indicators are identified with baseline and targets to be measured regularly,  Risk management plan is developed,  Learning and lessons learned from previous interventions are utilized.
  10. 10. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 10 How to implement the 5 Criteria: Impact:  Intervention is evaluated after one year, to validate goal and outcomes,  Intervention is changing the social norms and shifting the community believes toward goals,  The beneficiaries are satisfied and can witness the positive change,  Activities are positively influencing the community to achieve the overall goal.
  11. 11. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 11 How to implement the 5 Criteria: Sustainability:  Activities will build the capacity of targeted population,  Integrate community’s high priority interventions in the organization Strategic Plan,  Integrate Gender issues and needs within the organization strategic plan,  Networking with different organizations to collaborate in implementing other interventions,  Information are exchanged among organizations for learning.
  12. 12. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 12 Study purpose: The study was implemented during 2019, and covered 130 Non-Governmental Organizations in Gaza to find out the impact of applying the criteria of projects’ evaluation (Relevance, Efficiency, Effectiveness, Impact, Sustainability) on the sustainability of funding in the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the Gaza Strip.
  13. 13. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 13 Study methodology: The researcher used the descriptive analytical approach. A questionnaire was designed as a main data tool. A Comprehensive listing was also used for exploring the opinions of the study’s population that consists of (130) persons of the executive directors, project managers and project coordinators who working in the NGOs in the Gaza Strip.
  14. 14. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 14 Study tool: The questionnaire was structured in 3 pillars: 1. Demographic information 10 questions 1. Independent variables with 39 questions categorized under 5 evaluation criteria 1. Dependent variable with 11 questions for sustainability * Pearson's Correlation Coefficient was utilized to measure the strength of the relation between the two variables (Ind/Dep)
  15. 15. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 15 Dependent variable (Sustainability) Fund Sustainability:  The NGO has Self-funding sources,  The availability of international and local funders, utilizing the Crowdfunding,  Increased revenue over the past years,  The NGO was easily able to market the services and attract fund,  Increased number of implemented activities by the NGO,  Maintain the beneficiary’s satisfaction level,  Increased donors’ trust, and maintain funds.
  16. 16. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 16 Study findings: There is a clear positive correlation between applying the criteria of projects’ evaluation on the fund sustainability in the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Fund Sustainability Impact %72 Sustainability %82 Relevanc e %39 Efficiency %52 Effectivenes s %59
  17. 17. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 17 Study Recommendations: 1. Implement the 5 evaluation criteria and adopt it as part of the organization’s culture, 2. Reduce the dependence on external support (donation) by implementing income-generating projects that sustain, 3. To have a rigorous RB-MEL Plan, 4. Strengthen the human resources capacities in MEL skills, 5. Provide MIS information system. To manage and report progress frequently, 6. Enhance the organizations’ capacity in fund raising, 7. Activate the networking among NGOs and Donors by all means (regular or social media).
  18. 18. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 18 Infographic:
  19. 19. 3/1/2020 FOOTER GOES HERE 19 References:  https://library.iugaza.edu.ps/thesis.aspx?s=%d8%aa%d9 %82%d9%8a%d9%8a%d9%85  https://www2.fundsforngos.org/featured/how-to-ensure- sustainability/  https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2699  http://www.oecd.org/development/evalua on/dcdndep/41612905.pdf
  20. 20. 3/1/2020 20 Maram Barqawi, Sr. MEL Specialist mbarqawi@hotmail.com Neda’a Abu Jahel MSc in Fundraising and Accounting accnedaa@gmail.com Implementing Evaluation Criteria for Sustainability Thank you Q&A

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