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Teaching methods


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Teaching methods

  1. 1. TEACHINGMETHODSFaculty Development TrainingPanpacific University North PhilippinesUrdaneta City, Pangasinan, PhilippinesIGS Conference RoomMay 23, 2013HRM Function HallOctober 23, 2012MARIA MARTHA MANETTE APOSTOL MADRID, Ed.D.Lecturer
  2. 2. WHO NEEDS Methods, Strategiesand Techniques in Teaching?StudentsTeachersA systematic plan to achieve alearning objective.It is a well-panned procedurethat guides the direction inundertaking a learning activity.A carefully devised plan of actionto achieve an objective.A unique way of presenting atopic to the learners in adeptnessin performing the steps to attain alearning objective.Style or manner of a teacher’sperformance in following aprocedure.The ability to carry out a task ina cautious and watchful way.
  3. 3. Criteria for Method SelectionObjectives to bepursuedKind of participationexpectedStudent’s learning orexperienceStudent’s interestStudent’s abilitiesSubjects to betaughtInstructionalequipment, toolsand materialsContext of the teachingsituationKnowledge and ability of theteacherSafety precautions
  4. 4. Independent StudyJournal WritingNarrativesIndividualizedInstructionDiscovery ApproachExperiential LearningSpecial Reports,Student ResearchMultipleIntelligence TheoryProjects and CollectionsConstructivistApproachCreative WritingProblem Solving
  5. 5. Individualized Teaching MethodsLearning is Individualized andpersonalizedTeacher acts as facilitatorIndependent StudyWriting Journals Feedback and expression ofself actualizationEncourage to write interestingand insightful experiencesNarrativesFacilitating recall of factsin story-modeAssist in recalling learningexperiences throughreflection
  6. 6. Individualized Teaching MethodsLearning Activities areplannedVaried materials must beavailableIndividualizedInstructionPreparing Projectsand CollectionsTechniques that bring outcreativity and resourcefulnessTrain them to embark onsomething worthwhileDiscovery ApproachStudent gains first-handexperienceMaterials and tools areavailableExhibit scientific attitude andsystematic work habits
  7. 7. Individualized Teaching MethodsTeaching is providing relevantexperiencesInquiry teaching –asksquestionsConstructivistApproachExperientialLearningAcquiring knowledge of skillsthrough direct and keenobservationsReal-life situations inplanning lessonSpecial ReportsAbility to communicate forstudents to gain skill andexperienceOral and written reports by anindividual or by groups
  8. 8. Individualized Teaching MethodsTraining to develop decisionmaking and responsibility byfollowing a scientific methodOccasional questions andsimple remindersStudent ResearchProblem Solving First-hand experience-develop critical-mindedness, and HOTSPrioritize development ofskills and attitudesCreative writing Skill in communicating ideas isdevelopedProvide sufficient practice
  10. 10. Cooperative LearningApproachRole PlayingSociodramaPeer TutoringDirect InstructionInquiry ApproachReading,Integrative ApproachMicroteachingExperimentingUsing InstructionalDevices
  11. 11. Methodology for Small GroupsGroup-orientedInterdependent relationship isstrengthenObserve the skills(speed, willingness, etc.)CooperativeLearningRole PlayingCapitalizes the experiencesgained and what was learnedCapability of role players“Discuss and evaluateperformances”Special ReportsAbility to communicate forstudents to gain skill andexperienceOral and written reports by anindividual or by groups
  12. 12. Methodology for Small GroupsStudents identify with thepersons they are portraying andtherefore feel the same wayDevelop interactions among therole-playersSociodramaPeer Tutoring Tutees receive individualizedinstruction, as though their ownteacherTeacher should be aroundAfter a tutoring activity, evaluationperformance should be undertakenMicroteachingAfter gaining an experience or abrief lesson, we give critique afeedbackLesson or experience must be briefbut complete, feedback is guidedmay employ oral and written
  13. 13. Methodology for Small GroupsEmphasizes the learning of skillsby way of demonstrating a step-by-step procedureStudent and Performance basedActual DemonstrationsDirect InstructionInquiry ApproachDiscovery, Scientific thinking andproblem solvingFacilitator and counselorReadingTeaching Methodology requires thestudents to search informationfrom printed and illustratedmaterialsGuide questions, problems orsubtopics
  14. 14. Methodology for Small GroupsStudents form a concept frombodies of knowledge presentedDiscover the relationship of factsIntegrativeApproachExperimenting Learning activity wherein astudent investigates a problemby manipulating a variableUsing instructionaldevicesInstructional devices take thecenter stageProvide a workshop, or anorientation equipped withinstruction, direction suit to thelevel of understanding
  15. 15. DiscussionReflective teachingConceptteachingInterest LearningCentersDemonstrationLectureSimulation,Inviting SpecialistsTeam TeachingFieldtripField Study
  16. 16. Methodologies for a ClassOrderly verbal interchangeOpportunity to gain communicationskills -listening, and respondingapproachUse Inquiry, Q and A formatUse together with othermethodologies to avid “continuoustalk”DISCUSSIONReflective TeachingStudents recaptures hisexperience , thinks about itand evaluates itEx. Journal Writing andPortfolioConcept teachingKnowledge and experience aresort out to form a specific classDirect presentation – rule toexampleConcept attainment – exampleto rule method
  17. 17. Methodologies for a ClassLesson is presented through areal-life learningPrepared materials andquestions and length of timeneededDemonstrationFiled Studies Out of the school classroomactivity intended to presentconcepts in the most realisticmannerTeam Teaching Exposure of the class to severalteacherBased on competence in bothknowledge and skill
  18. 18. Methodologies for a ClassOral presentation of an expertLectureSimulationTeaching by the use of simulationgamesConsists of role, ruleslanguage, valuesInviting SpecialistListen to an interview or aspecialist of a topicPrepare the studentsFIELDTRIP Out-of-the-classroom activitywhere students study things intheir natural settingBoth involved in planningGuide questions or pointers forobservationFollow-up activity
  19. 19. Methods and LearningResourcesTechnology-AidedStrategiesAudiovisual MediaCommunity Resources
  20. 20. Reference/sMethods of Teaching. GloriaSalanadan, Quezon City: LorimarPublication, 2012.Teaching method - Wikipedia, the Teaching Methods | Center forTeaching & Learning | UNC Lecture available at
  21. 21. Harry Wong had said, trueeducators are the ones whowill always be willing toshare their knowledge andresources to othereducators.