What’s the montseny?The Nature reserve of the Montseny is one of 12natural spaces that manages the Deputation ofBarcelona in Catalonia (Spain) and places in theMountain chain prelitoral Catalan, of that it isthe highest clump. It is placed between theregions of Osona, Vallés Oriental and La selva.
Stand out the pronounced reliefs that hepresents and the rich ecological variety. For thisreason in 1978 the UNESCO it declaredreservation of the biosphere. Nowadays it ismanaged by the Deputation of Barcelona andthe Deputation of Gerona.•
This nature reserve is the most ancient ofCatalonia and also he is one of the mostimportant, since in a relatively limited zone theyfind vegetable typical communities of three bigEuropean biomas: the Mediterranean one, theeuroSiberian one and the boreoalpino.•
SITUATION OF THE MONTSENYThe Nature reserve of the Montseny is toapproximately 50 km from Barcelona andoccupies an extension of 30.120 ha distributedbetween eighteen municipalities that belong tothree regions (Osona, la Selva and the VallésOriental). His natural limits are Arbúcies, thehigh courses of her Major was laughing and ofthe river Gurri, the Congost and the page of theVallés.
RIVERS THAT PASS NEAR THE MONTSENYLa Tordera El Congost Riera dArbúcies
VEGETATIONThere are reproduced the vegetable formationstypical of the Mediterranean in the low parts(groves of evergreen oaks, alcornocales andpinegroves), of the medium rainy mountainmore above (grove of evergreen oaksmontañero and oakwoods), of Central Europeanenvironments over 1.000 m (beeches and firs)and, even, of subAlpine environments in thesummits (bushes and meadows).
WEATHERThe rough relief and the orientation do that the climate is very diverse. The rigorous climate of the high mountain does not have anything to see with the benign climate of the plains and sunny terraces where one agrees the core of the people. Montsenysvegetation also is very differentiated, depending on the altitude.
The village of the Montseny• Montsenys municipality, known former with the name of the holder of his parish, Holy Julià de Montseny, has nowadays an extension of 27,02 km ², is placed to the southern slope of the mountain of the Montseny and is the only people of the clump that supports the name.
Socio-economic informationTraditionally, the people of Montseny had basedhis economy on the agriculture and the forestexploitation, complemented, on a low degree,by the ranching. The exploitation of the forest,of which he was taking advantage practically ofeverything, was also a prominent activity forcenturies.