WHAT IS DELAY?
• DELAY is an act or event that extends the time required to
perform tasks or activities under a Contract . It is usually
reflected as additional days of work or as delayed start of
• DELAY May or may not include change(s) in the scope of work
of activity(s) or the Contract.
- Baseline is an approved version of Programme.
-Define the baseline as a Target of schedule update.
• Activity duration and relation determination.
• Network Forward and Backward calculations lead
to float (most used is total float).
• Total float is margin for delay, and equal the
difference between late and early dates.
• Total Float Indicator
Positive Float: Project/Activity in good situation
Zero Float: Project/ Activity is critical
Negative Float: Project/ Activity is delayed
Usually causes will be categorized as Contractor Risk
Events (CRE), or Employer Risk Events (ERE). Until
any of these events are confirmed as having caused
actual delay, they are only risk events.
There is another category is Neutral event such as
(ERE) exceed (CRE)(CRE) exceed (ERE) (ERE) after completion date
In‐Excusable Delay (CRE)
Excusable Delay (ERE)
Prospective Delay Analysis:
Analysis of facts associated with delay events during
construction of a project and the estimation of their effect
upon the planned completion date of a project. (Interim
Extension of Time)
Retrospective Delay Analysis:
Analysis of facts associated with delay events after completion
of the construction period of a project. (Final Extension of
Guidance Section 4
4. Guidelines on dealing with disputed extension of time issues after completion of
the project – retrospective delay analysis
4.13 The table below summarises the types of analysis that can be conducted depending
on the types of factual material available. An ‘X’ indicates the factual material that is
required for a particular analysis, but in some cases there are alternatives, as indicated in
Instruction or Proposal of new woks
requested by any stakeholder may
include: addition, omission, corrective
action or preventive action.
Request from one contracting party to
another party for additional payment/
compensation, or/and extension of the
time for completion, as result of change
or any other event / issue.
Description of the work to be performed
including the time impact or/and cost
impact if applicable, as result of change
Unresolved claim, and resolution
methods are: negotiation, mediation,
arbitration & litigation.
Methods of Dispute
The most direct method for
resolving any type of
Requires certain skills that reduce the gap between the
The objective: is to reach a solution that might be acceptable
to both parties.
When negotiation does not work, either because of lack of
trust or a lack of skills, mediation may be an option.
The mediator may be an individual or a team.
Dispute review boards
The owner and the contractor select
an independent neutral panel with
construction experience when the
contract is signed .
Rather than waiting until the end of project to settle claims,
(DRBs) resolve disputes as they arise.
It is usually a formal process performed
by an independent professional
Arbitration is voluntary.
Arbitration does not require the use
When none of the previous work and parties can not
reach a settlement, the complaining party uses the
other party in a court of law.
Construction litigation is usually complicated lengthy,
Institutional vs. 'ad hoc' arbitration
Domestic vs. International arbitration
(address is the difference)
Types of Arbitration
Arbitration agreement :
The arbitration agreement is ordinarily a
clause in a larger contract.
or, post-dispute arbitration agreement.
Procedure, dispute, arbitrator panel, seat /
legal place, duration, language, the applicable
law and rules.
Legally-binding and enforceable decision
Appeal & recourse against an award
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