The use of Learning Analytics to explore sequences of self-regulated learning in moocs
The Use of Learning Analytics to Explore
Sequences of Self-Regulated Learning in
Dr. Mohammad Khalil
Who am I?
This extended abstract is based on a full study carried out and is now published in Computers &
For full reference: Wong, J., Khalil, M., Baars, M., de Koning, B., & Paas, F. (2019). Exploring sequences of learner activities in
relation to self-regulated learning in a massive open online course. Computers & Education, 140, 103595.
MOOC & Learners
● MOOCs are autonomous
● MOOCs are designed linearly
● Students are free to pick their activities
● Students can skip any activity
● Therefore, learners should self-monitor their progress
● And, self-regulate their learning!!
Self-Regulated Learning (SRL)
SRL processes are seen as “the processes
whereby students activate and sustain
cognitions, affects, and behaviors that are
systematically oriented toward the
attainment of personal goals.”
- Zimmerman & Schunk, 2011
So, where is the Learning Analytics potential with
MOOCs and SRL?
… traces being behavioral manifestations of motivational,
cognitive, and metacognitive events measure SRL more
adequately than self-reports and think-aloud protocols - Winnie
How can we measure SRL using Learning Analytics?
LA & SRL
● Frequency of the observed actions
○ e.g. the number of times a learner watched a video
● The transition state
○ e.g. the activity that a learner begins after ending the previous activity
● The sequence of transitions that regularly occurs
○ e.g. learners proceed to a discussion after viewing a video followed by
completing a quiz
● Participants: 655 learners, 222 with SRL prompts
● Two main cohorts: SRL prompt-viewers and non-viewers
● 103 learners were identified as active learners (i.e., learners who completed at least
● The 103 learners were further grouped as i) learners who watched at least one of the
weekly SRL-prompt videos (SRL-prompt viewers, n = 39) and ii) learners who did
not watch any of the SRL-prompt videos (SRL-prompt non-viewers, n = 64).
● SRL is a broad and complex construct and supporting SRL in MOOCs is
challenging as MOOC users are heterogenous.
● Learning Analytics afford opportunities to learners to exercise SRL. for
researchers – to collect, measure and report data about learner, and their
learning environments, and for teachers to help students to develop their
● Using Learning Analytics, we can evaluate SRL strategies and learners’
● There are differences in sequential patterns of learner activities between
those who viewed the SRL-prompts and those who did not.
● SRL-prompt viewers tend to follow the structure of the course provided by
the instructor and whereas this was less so in the group of SRL-prompt
● SRL-prompt viewers interacted with more course activities