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Spanish American War Presentation

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VA Standards of Learning - Spanish American War

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  • On slide 6 you mentioned that Spain at its height was the largest empire. It was only the 4th largest empire.
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Spanish American War Presentation

  1. 1. SPANISH AMERICAN WAR US HISTORY II USII.5A
  2. 2. VERY IMPORTANT… Do NOT write down any notes until you are TOLD TO DO SO! THERE ARE SEPARATE SLIDES FOR THE NOTES!
  3. 3. DIGITAL RESOURCES: History Channel: Theodore Roosevelt Fights in the Spanish American War (3:09) The Century: America’s Time Seeds of Change (1 of 3) Start/Stop Times: • 4:32 – 7:50 (Spanish American War) • 7:50 – 10:13 (Panama Canal)
  4. 4. HISTORICAL THINKING MATTERS: SPANISH AMERICAN WAR http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=q1goSNElCyE#t=116
  5. 5. BRAINSTORM: WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO “COLONIZE”
  6. 6. At the height of its power, the _________ Empire was the largest in the world. Spanish On your blank map, label the following territories/countries: 1. Spain 5. Panama 2. Florida (& the Florida Keys) 6. Philippines 3. Cuba 7. Guam 4. Puerto Rico Atlas Activity Intro:
  7. 7. By the late 1800’s, the Spanish Empire had dwindled to a few possessions in Africa, the Pacific and the Caribbean. They were not nearly as powerful as they once had been.
  8. 8. Florida – Adams-Onis Treaty
  9. 9. WORLD EMPIRES 1900-1914
  10. 10. THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR Start: April 25, 1898 End: August 12, 1898 Only 3 months of actual fighting!
  11. 11. BACKGROUND: CUBAN REBELLION AGAINST SPANISH RULE • The people of Cuba had lived under Spanish rule for centuries and they were tired of it. Cubans rebelled many times in the late 1800’s but were always overpowered by Spain. • ____________, a hero of the Cuban Independence Movement, fled to the U.S. to gather money, arms, and troops. Jose Marti
  12. 12. CUBAN REBELLION… • In 1895, a new fight for independence broke out in Cuba. • Rebels burned ___________ fields and destroyed property in hopes of driving out the Spanish Empire. sugarcane
  13. 13. HOW DID THE UNITED STATES REACT? • American business and government leaders worried about the violence in Cuba. • Many sugar plantations were owned by Americans, and they lost _________ when the ________ was destroyed money So, the U.S. became involved in order to protect American ___________________ in Cuba.business interests sugar
  14. 14. SPANISH MISTREATMENT OF THE CUBANS • Images of Cubans suffering at the hands of the Spanish government created support among the American people for the Cuban rebels. • In 1896, Spanish General Weyler started the “Reconcentracíon Policy”- -PBS: Crucible of Empire
  15. 15. YELLOW JOURNALISM • The American press, especially _____________, covered every tragedy in detail. • Newspapers tried to ______ each other with __________ reports. • These were sensationalized, biased, and often _____ reports • The more shocking the story…the more newspapers they sold! newspapers false Left – Pulitzer Right - Hearst Click here for info on the newspaper wars outdo shocking
  16. 16. YELLOW JOURNALISM…
  17. 17. • When rioting broke out in Havana, President McKinley felt forced to send a US Navy ship to monitor the situation. • The USS _______, a 10-year-old battleship arrived in Havana Harbor in January of 1898. USS MAINE Maine
  18. 18. • Three weeks later, the U.S.S. Maine blew up in the harbor, killing 260 American sailors. DID SPAIN SINK OUR SHIP?
  19. 19. “REMEMBER THE MAINE” The Yellow Journals had a field day and the cry went out among Americans from coast to coast:
  20. 20. - No one knows for sure whether the explosion was an accident or the result of sabotage - Most historians now agree that it was an issue in the furnace room…no fault of Spain!
  21. 21. FIRST STRIKE: THE BATTLE OF MANILA BAY • Spain had controlled the Philippines for over 300 years! • The United States opened with a surprise attack in the ___________, far from Cuba, by sinking the _______ naval fleet in the Pacific. • Spain lost around 400 men, but the U.S. had less than ten casualties. • The war lasted a little over 3 months and ended with an American victory! Spanish The USS Olympia at the Battle of Manila Bay Philippines
  22. 22. OUTCOME OF THE TREATY OF PARIS Spain had to give the U.S. control of the Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, and Cuba  The Philippines (colony)  Guam (colony)  Puerto Rico (colony)  Cuba - gained independence from Spain but were temporarily a “protectorate” under U.S. control
  23. 23. What was the impact of the United States gaining these territories from Spain? UNITED STATES OF AMERICA = WORLD POWER
  24. 24. TIME TO FILL IN YOUR NOTES • REASONS FOR THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR • RESULTS OF THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR
  25. 25. REASONS FOR THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR: 1. Protection of American ________________ in Cuba. 2. American support of Cuban _____ to gain independence from ______. 3. Rising tensions between Spain and the United States as a result of sinking of the _________ in the Havana Harbor. 4. Exaggerated _____ reports of events with ______ journalism. business interests Spain rebels USS Maine yellow news A.
  26. 26. RESULTS OF THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR: • The United States emerged as a world ______. • Cuba gained independence from _______. • The United States gained possession of the ___________, _______, and ______ ____. Spain power Philippines Guam Puerto Rico B.
  27. 27. Summary: The Spanish American War When: April 25, 1898 – August 12, 1898 (3½months of actual fighting) Where: • Cuba & Puerto Rico (Caribbean) • Philippines & Guam (Asia-Pacific) Outcome: American Victory; officially ended with the Treaty of Paris • America became a “protectorate” over Cuba • Collapse of the Spanish Empire… Spain no longer a world power • Outbreak of the Philippine-American War (a brief conflict the U.S. adopted from the previous rulers) Territory Changes: • Spain relinquished control over Cuba to the United States • Spain surrendered Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States • Spain also surrendered the Philippine Islands to the United States in exchange for $20 million dollars Most important fact to remember… The United States emerged as a World Power because it gained colonies in the Caribbean and the Pacific.
  28. 28. Roosevelt & the Panama Canal UP NEXT….

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