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Slides of illiteracy

illiteracy issue in pakistan

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Slides of illiteracy

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY :- TAHIR SABIR(44) AWWAB AMEER(71) AHMAD IDREES(85 ) TALHA IMRAN(89) SUPERVISED BY :- PROF. IRAM AKRAM Topic: Impact of Illiteracy on Pakistan its Causes, Effects, and Solutions
  2. 2. Topic Illiteracy: Only to get the Degrees for show to himself educate is a main case of illiteracy. Due to this case the illiteracy rate increase day by day in the world.
  3. 3. Points of discussion Introduction to illiteracy Who is literate? Literacy rate Causes of illiteracy Consequences of illiteracy Recommendations Summary Conclusion
  4. 4. Introduction Illiteracy: Illiteracy is a state whereby one is unable to read and write. In its simplest form, it can be defined as lack of any or basic education.
  5. 5. Who is literate?  A literate person as ‘one who with understanding can both read and write a short simple statement on his or her everyday life’.  It goes on to state: ‘Yet, there are many people who are literate in this restricted sense, but who none the less suffer serious problems with more complex reading and writing tasks. These are the functionally illiterate’.
  6. 6. Literacy Rate:  The country’s literacy rate declined from 60 percent to 58 percent, revealed the Economic Survey of Pakistan (2016-2017).  NER indicates that amongst the provinces, only Sindh remained stable with 48 percent while Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa declined from 64 percent to 59 percent and 54 percent to 53 percent.
  7. 7. Causes of illiteracy: Illiteracy among parents Unemployment of the educated Lack of awareness Social barriers Lack of affordable education facilities Poverty Harder for girls to go to school Girls mostly drop out of school to help with work Agrarian Society
  8. 8. Causes of illiteracy: There are so many reasons why an individual can be illiterate. These are some of the causes of the inability to read or write: Illiteracy among parents: Many illiterate parents do not put much emphasis on the importance of education. Several of those born to parents who can neither read nor write end up being illiterate. Unemployment of the educated: Without the promise of employment, education is not a necessity to them. In a country where many of the educated are unemployed, there may not be enough motivation for the illiterate to go to school.
  9. 9. Cont.… Lack of awareness: In places where several members of the local population do not understand why it is important for them to go to school, the level of illiteracy may be high. Social barriers: Many social barriers such as restrictions on girls’ education in some societies lead to illiteracy among the affected segment of the population. Education of the girl child has been an issue in some parts of the world leading to the formation of different organizations focused on championing the education of women.
  10. 10. Cont.… Lack of affordable education facilities: Those who live in very remote areas with few or no education facilities may remain illiterate. The nearest school might be found several miles away. Poverty: Poor parents with low incomes find it difficult to pay school fees. They are forced to choose between providing basic needs such as food, shelter and clothing and taking their children to school.
  11. 11. Cont.… Girls mostly drop out of school to help with work: Major factors that hinder enrolment rates of girls include poverty, cultural constraints, illiteracy of parents and parental concerns about safety and mobility of their daughters.
  12. 12. Cont.… Agrarian Society: Most of the people (about 68%) live in rural areas of Pakistan and majority of them are attached with different fields of agriculture. Some are cultivators and some are helpers to the cultivators.
  13. 13. Consequences of illiteracy: Hinders economic and social progress Poverty Child marriage Difficult life Social crimes Underpayment, Underemployment, Unemployment Disability Prevalence War on Terror Intergenerational Illiteracy
  14. 14. Consequences of illiteracy: Hinders economic and social progress: Illiteracy greatly inhibits the economic and social progress of an individual as well as that of the country. Education gives one the power to seek opportunities and pursue them. Poverty: Illiteracy leads to poverty. Education equips one with the right skills and expertise for gainful employment. If you do not even have enough to eat, how can you dream of going to a school?
  15. 15. Cont.… Child marriage: This is also a problem that may come about due to illiteracy. Parents may fail to recognize the benefits of taking children to school to learn how to read and write. Difficult life: An illiterate person can lead a difficult life in so many ways. The inability to find gainful employment can subject one to a life of poverty with poor living conditions. There can be a lack of basic necessities such as good shelter, clothing and decent meals.
  16. 16. Cont.… Social crimes: Through education, a person can cultivate some civic sense and develop behavior patterns that are socially acceptable. Illiterate people may engage in unlawful acts in the society due to lack of employment or simply as a result of being uncultured.
  17. 17. Cont.… Underpayment, Underemployment, Unemployment: We live in a world where the job market favors people who are properly educated with useful skills to drive company growth.
  18. 18. Cont.… Disability: The most unfortunate are those whose physical or mental conditions do not allow them to educate themselves easily. Disabled children find it exceedingly difficult to read, write, absorb and remember information.
  19. 19. Cont.… Prevalence: The UK government's Department for Education reported in 2006 that 47% of school children left school at age 16 without having achieved a basic level in functional mathematics, and 42% fail to achieve a basic level of functional English. Every year, 100,000 pupils leave school functionally illiterate in the UK.
  20. 20. Cont.… War on Terror: Pakistan’s engagement in war against terrorism also affected the promotion of literacy campaign. The militants targeted schools and students; several educational institutions were blown up, teachers and students were killed in Balochistan, KPK and FATA.
  21. 21. Cont.… Intergenerational Illiteracy: The issue of illiteracy can cut across generations within a family. It can become cyclic in such a way that even the third or fourth generation family members suffer the same fate. The most unfortunate are those whose physical or mental conditions do not allow them to educate themselves easily. Disabled children find it exceedingly difficult to read, write, absorb and remember information.
  22. 22. Recommendations Recommendations Free education Lower education cost Awareness Grants Increase the Importance of Education Increase in number of primary Compulsory education Special emphasis on female education Effective promotion of distance education
  23. 23. Summary: The research is based upon finding the cause of low literacy rate of Pakistan. Literacy is very effective and important parameter of measuring social development of society. Literacy is also the ground reason for many other social problems such as crime rate, political unawareness and terrorism which off course turned into a cancer the research survey was based upon the literature review result. A number of previous studies and analysis mostly are converging on a number of definitions for low literacy rate. They include  Poverty  Lack of awareness  Gender discrimination  Government mismanagement
  24. 24. Conclusion Literacy is very effective and important parameter of measuring social development of society. Literacy is also the ground reason for many other social problems such as crime rate, political unawareness and terrorism which off course turned into a cancer the research survey was based upon the literature review result.

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