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Malaysia: Biodiversity, Environmental Problems and Solutions

Introduction to Malaysia's Biodiversity, Environmental Problems and Solutions using Appropriate Technology for Eco Dynamics Challenge Camp 2016 - Malaysia

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Malaysia: Biodiversity, Environmental Problems and Solutions

  1. 1. MALAYSIA: BIODIVERSITY, ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS DR. MUNIRA SHAHBUDDIN ECO DYNAMICS CHALLENGE CAMP 2016 COORDINATOR INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA
  2. 2. BSc in Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea. MSc in Bioengineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea. PhD in Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. Asst. Prof. Dr. Munira Shahbuddin Works in Environmental Engineering and Conservation 1. The use activated carbon from paddy husks in the treatment and removal of methyl orange in textile waste water. 2. Knowledge Transfer Program – Production and the use of Effective Microorganism to enhance and improve biodiversity in agriculture, horticulture and water treatment. 3. Development of glycoconjugated gold nanoparticles for the removal of pathogens. 4. Development of pilot scale phytochemical disinfection process for surface water treatment by Moringa Oleifera Seed.
  3. 3. EQUATOR – BRAZIL, MALAYSIA AND KENYA
  4. 4. ECO-DYNAMICS CHALLENGE KENYA 2015 Marangu – Famous site for Kilimanjaro climbing. Population: 2000 people
  5. 5. KENYA, KILIMANJARO MOUNTAIN. MARANGU
  6. 6. BIODIVERSITY – THE GREEN LUNG BRAZIL MALAYSIA AND BRAZIL SHARE RICH BIODIVERSITY AND THE OLDEST RAINFORESTS IN THE WORLD. MALAYSIA
  7. 7. THE MAGICAL RAINFOREST OF MALAYSIA
  8. 8. Royal Belom National Park, Perak. Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak.
  9. 9. Kinabalu National Park, Sabah. Bako National Park, Sarawak.
  10. 10. MANGROVE DIVERSITY – KUALA SELANGOR, SELANGOR. RAMSAR - The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat
  11. 11. BEAUTIFUL ISLAND OF MALAYSIA Pulau Sapi, Sabah. West Malaysia.
  12. 12. Pulau Sapi, Sabah. West Malaysia.
  13. 13. Pulau Sapi, Sabah. West Malaysia.
  14. 14. BEAUTIFUL ISLAND OF MALAYSIA Pulau Perhentian, Terengganu. East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
  15. 15. Pulau Perhentian, Terengganu. East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia
  16. 16. BEAUTIFUL ISLAND OF MALAYSIA Pulau Tioman, Pahang. West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
  17. 17. Biodiversity of Pulau Tioman, Pahang. West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
  18. 18. BIODIVERSITY is the variety of all life forms on earth - the different plants, animals and micro-organisms and the ecosystems of which they are a part.
  19. 19. GENETIC DIVERSITY • Within a single species, there are variety of individual and they differ from each other. • Each individual is unique in shape, size, DNA and characteristics – biological, chemical and physical.
  20. 20. Carp – freshwater fish family Common carp Goldfish Koi
  21. 21. MORPHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES COLORS BEAK SHAPE EYE FEATHER SIZE
  22. 22. URBAN An urban area is a location characterized by high human population density and vast human-built features in comparison to the areas surrounding it. Urban areas may be cities or towns but the term is not commonly extended to rural settlements such as villages.
  23. 23. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF URBAN CENTER FOR ECONOMY, POLITICS AND SOCIAL ACTIVITIES. DENSELY POPULATED HIGH ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND USAGE PROBLEMS: POLLUTION, CONGESTION, LACK OF RESOURCES AND CRIME
  24. 24. Kuala Lumpur, West coast of Peninsular Malaysia
  25. 25. POPULATION: 1.6 MILLION DENSITY: 1500/KM2 (3,800/SQ MI) ECONOMY: INDUSTRY, TRADE AND TOURISM Kuala Lumpur, West coast of Peninsular Malaysia
  26. 26. POPULATION: 1.6 MILLION DENSITY: 1500/KM2 (3,800/SQ MI) ECONOMY: INDUSTRY, TRADE AND TOURISM Pulau Pinang, West coast of Peninsular Malaysia
  27. 27. Melaka, West coast of Peninsular Malaysia POPULATION: 0.8 MILLION DENSITY: 500/KM2 (1,300/SQ MI) ECONOMY: INDUSTRY, TRADE AND TOURISM
  28. 28. Land Reclamation in Melaka Land reclamation is the gain of land from the sea, water bodies or wet lands Substantial land reclamation damages habitats and contributing to land erosion and flash flood.
  29. 29. Beautification and improvement of Sungai Melaka using effective microorganisms and membrane technology
  30. 30. ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN MALAYSIA Malaysia is a developing country and its population is expanding to 27 million by year 2020. Growing number of population means more energy consumption, more waste is produced, lack of resources and land mass, and decreasing of living quality. .
  31. 31. POLLUTIONS – AIR, WATER AND LAND Haze Solid waste management Chemicals dumping
  32. 32. UNCONVENTIONAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM – CAUSED WATER DISRUPTION AT KLANG VALLEY
  33. 33. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT - LANDFILL Modern landfill is now equipped with methane gas recovery – waste to energy plant, leachate treatment system and well to monitor the quality of ground water. The problems: emission of methane, leachate into ground water and accumulation of dioxin.
  34. 34. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TO IMPROVE ENVIRONMENT is an ideological movement (and its manifestations) originally articulated as intermediate technology by the economist Dr. Ernst Friedrich "Fritz" Schumacher in his influential work, Small is Beautiful.
  35. 35. OVERVIEW OF ECO- DYNAMICS CHALLENGE CAMP 2016 Kampung Orang Asli Sungai Miak, Bentong, Pahang.
  36. 36. OVERVIEW OF THE PROJECT Activities: To observe, discuss and provide solutions to the daily problems of orang asli at the kampung using Appropriate Technology . To initiate practical activities among school students and to encourage learning and critical thinking from observation in daily life.
  37. 37. ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AT KAMPUNG SUNGAI MIAK Land erosion. Due to heavy rain and logging activities at nearby rainforest.
  38. 38. ENVIRONMENT Small river runs through the village.
  39. 39. LIFESTYLES
  40. 40. BIODIVERSITY AND SUSTAINABILITY Cameron Highland, Pahang Cleared for logging, plantation and housing Lush green of Cameron Highland
  41. 41. TO PLAN, DESIGN AND PROVIDE SOLUTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS, ONE NEED TO UNDERSTAND THE ROOT CAUSE OF THE PROBLEMS AND STUDY THE REPERCUSSIONS OF THE SOLUTIONS. AIR WATER LAND ENERGY SOLID WASTE SEWAGE
  42. 42. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN
  43. 43. Singapore’s Parkroyal Hotel’s green perks include skylights, solar panels, energy- saving escalators, highly efficient air- conditioning units, and software that monitors the building’s carbon dioxide emissions.
  44. 44. Assignment: The students will be placed in 8 groups and each group will be assigned to a host from Kampung Orang Asli Sungai Miak, Bentong, Pahang. The students need to observe their lifestyles, surrounding – environment, biodiversity and social activities. Each group need to design or propose a solution using Appropriate Technology accordingly to the given themes.
  45. 45. THEMES Landslide Water pollution Solid waste management Water purification Waste water treatment Improvement of living conditions Housing improvement Economic development Sanitation facility Composting
  46. 46. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION ALL THE BEST

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