Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Compiled by 
Sujit Sivanand 
For NPHIL Canada 
September 2014 
‘The Mahasamadhi’ 
Of Narayana Guru 
2014 © NPHIL Canada
PREFACE 
These basic lessons, on the Life and Philosophy of Narayana Guru, are built on 
information from reliable publish...
LIFE AND DEATH 
Life 
Life on Earth is our co-habitation of the planet with relatives, 
friends, acquaintances and the re...
LIFE AND DEATH 
Death 
Why do humans fear death? 
Firstly, due to its certainty. Death – we all know is inevitable. 
Se...
REFERENCES TO DEATH 
Samadhi and Mahasamadhi 
In the Indian tradition, the death of sanyassins (ascetics), 
distinguished...
SAMADHI 
Samadhi: Is a state of intense concentration achieved through 
meditation. In Yoga Shastra this is regarded as th...
PATANJALI’S YOGA SUTRAS 
Samadhi: 
In Patañjali's Yoga Sutras, eight steps are given as a progressive 
discipline to reali...
YOGA 
Samadhi: 
Samadhi can be considered as the last of eight steps in the Science 
of Union - Yoga. 
•Yama – restraints ...
SAMADHI 
Samadhi: 
Man is capable of looking both outward and inward. 
When he is deeply turned inward, all his organs of ...
DARSANAMALA – Garland of Visions 
Apavada 
Darsanam 
Asatya 
Darsanam 
Maya 
Darsanam 
Bhana 
Darsanam 
Jnana 
Darsanam 
B...
NIRVANA DARSANAM 
Exiting the physiological world (Vision by Emancipation). 
Going out of this world is like a lamp going ...
NIRVANA DARSANAM 
Exiting the physiological world (Vision by Emancipation). 
The implications of death are seen contemplat...
NIRVANA DARSANAM 
Exiting the physiological 
world (Vision by 
Emancipation). 
Narayana Guru enumerates 
the kinds of Nirv...
FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 
1. Brahmavid 
“Established in the Absolute, a knower of the Absolute, 
By the fire of wisdom havin...
FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 
2. Brahmavid-varaH 
“He who renouncing all action, 
Always established in the Absolute, 
Continues...
FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 
3. Brahmavid-varIyAn 
“He who being informed by another is able to know, 
But he himself does not ...
FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 
4. Brahmavid-variShThaH 
“He who by himself does not know anything, 
And even when made to know, k...
TYPES OF SAMADHI 
Samadhi: 
Savikalpa - The state is so named because mind retains its 
consciousness, which is why in sav...
MAHASAMADHI 
Samadhi: Is a state of intense concentration achieved through 
meditation. In Yoga Shastra this is regarded a...
GURU’S MAHASAMADHI 
Narayana Guru entered Mahasamadhi (the Great Silence) on 
Thursday 20th of September of the year 1928 ...
BACKGROUND EVENTS 
Isolation: From the time of nominating Bodhananda Swamikal as 
the spiritual successor in 1925, certain...
BACKGROUND EVENTS 
Return to Advaitashram: At the insistence of many devotees who 
went over to Ceylon to plead for the Gu...
BACKGROUND EVENTS
BACKGROUND EVENTS 
Illness worsens at Vaikom: In January 1928, while at Vaikom 
Ashram, the Guru’s illness worsened. He be...
BACKGROUND EVENTS 
Move back to Sivagiri: As it was his nature not to live too long in 
one location, at his own insistenc...
BACKGROUND EVENTS 
Moved to Trivandrum and back: In June the Guru was moved to 
Trivandrum for treatment and back to Sivag...
THE LAST DAYS 
Reduced food intake: In the last days the Guru insisted on not 
taking any solid foods and his intake was j...
GURU’S MAHASAMADHI 
 The children under the Guru’s care at the Sivagiri Ashram came 
to see the Guru at the Vaidika Madom...
GURU’S MAHASAMADHI
CEREMONIES 
 The news of the Maha-Samadhi of Narayana Guru spread all 
over the Malayalam speaking land. 
 Crowds of dev...
PUBLIC VIEWING 
Mourners flocked at the Mahasamadhi as the body is being brought down from Vaidika Madom.
PUBLIC VIEWING 
Public viewing was at the 
Vanajakshy Mandapam. 
Vanajakshy Mandapam was situated about 
midway between th...
PUBLIC VIEWING 
Public viewing was at the 
Vanajakshy Mandapam.
CEREMONIES 
 At 1 pm on Friday, the bath rituals (abhishekam) was performed. 
 Friday afternoon - the body was seated in...
CEREMONIES 
 The Guru’s body was lowered in it in a sitting posture and the pit 
filled with salt, camphor, sandalwood wi...
CEREMONIES 
 On the same day, Sunday 8th day of the month of Kanni, 
Bodhananda Swamikal also joined his Guru in Mahasama...
TRIBUTES BY NOTABLES 
Notables at the time that wrote poetic tributes to the Guru 
include: 
 Vallathol Narayana Menon (P...
TRIBUTES BY NOTABLES 
More poetic tributes: 
Kilimanoor Rohini Thirunaal Thamburatty (Travancore royal) 
 Maravoor Bhask...
TRIBUTES BY NOTABLES 
More poetic tributes: 
 Mary John Koothaattukulam (Poet) 
 Sahodaran K. Ayyappan (Reformer, author...
MAHAKAVI G’s TRIBUTE 
“When noble thoughts do come 
And noble deeds are done, 
When something creative stems 
From the bri...
MAUSOLEUM (1928) 
The initial Mahasamadhi Mandiram (mausoleum) built in 1928 had 
a temporary roofing structure enclosing ...
MAUSOLEUM (1928) 
Inside of the first 
Mahasamadhi Mandir 
(mausoleum) built in 1928. 
Commencing the later 1950s 
the fir...
NEW MAUSOLEUM (1960s)
NEW MAUSOLEUM (1968)
THE MAUSOLEUM NOW
SANCTUM SANCTORUM 
 In 1968 the white marble 
statue of the Guru was 
crafted in Varanasi 
(Banaras) by sculptor, 
Profes...
MERGER WITH SAT-AUM 
“Neither this, nor that nor the content of existence am I, 
But existence, subsistence, joy-immortal;...
‘I’ AM NOT THE BODY 
‘I’ am not the body but 
Awareness. Even before the body 
was born, ‘I’ – The Awareness 
was there. E...
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
1. Guru Muni Narayana Prasad and the Narayana Gurukula Foundation for use of content from the various boo...
Compiled by 
Sujit Sivanand 
For NPHIL Canada 
September 2014 
A Self-Education Network 
2014 © NPHIL Canada 
The End. 
SU...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Mahasamadhi of Narayana Guru

This slide set is part of a series of lecture modules on the Life and Philosophy of Narayana Guru. This module supports the in-class lecture on the last days of Sree Narayana Guru and his Mahasamadhi, which occurred on 20 September 1928. All Rights Reserved by NPHIL Canada. For academic usage contact info@nphil.org.

  • Be the first to comment

The Mahasamadhi of Narayana Guru

  1. 1. Compiled by Sujit Sivanand For NPHIL Canada September 2014 ‘The Mahasamadhi’ Of Narayana Guru 2014 © NPHIL Canada
  2. 2. PREFACE These basic lessons, on the Life and Philosophy of Narayana Guru, are built on information from reliable published sources and various literary compositions authored by Narayana Guru during his lifetime (1856-1928). The structure and content of this series of lessons are principally based on the prescribed text ‘The Philosophy of Narayana Guru’ authored by Guru Muni Narayana Prasad, the presiding guru and head of the Narayana Gurukula Foundation. The contents from chapters in the book, corresponding to each of these slide-sets, have been enhanced with diagrams, images and other explanatory methods to facilitate usage as teaching aid by NPHIL centres and universities. Explanations in these slide-sets are kept at a high-level, assuming that the slides are meant to aid in the delivery of lessons in a lecture room environment. When used in self-study, it is recommended that these slides are duly read in conjunction with the prescribed text or referenced books. NPHIL expresses its profound gratitude to the Narayana Gurukula Foundation for the support and guidance extended in the creation of these lessons. Sujit Sivanand September 2014
  3. 3. LIFE AND DEATH Life Life on Earth is our co-habitation of the planet with relatives, friends, acquaintances and the rest of nature. Pursuit of our interests, goals and hopes forms part of life. Societies that traditionally believe in after-life (elsewhere), or rebirth, tend to give lesser importance to death. The knowledge and belief that there is only this life to be lived puts great emphasis and value on our lives. The word ‘death’ is often feared, discomforting, enigmatic, and therefore many people choose not to talk or think of ‘death’. Source: Guru Nitya's book ‘Maranamenna Vaathilinappuram’ – Beyond the Door of Death
  4. 4. LIFE AND DEATH Death Why do humans fear death? Firstly, due to its certainty. Death – we all know is inevitable. Secondly, due to uncertainty of the timing of an event that we are certain of it impending occurrence. The fear or discomfort arises due to the combination of a certainty and an uncertainty. Death is equally certain for those that both welcome the event and for those that fear the event. Source: Guru Nitya's book ‘Maranamenna Vaathilinappuram’ – Beyond the Door of Death
  5. 5. REFERENCES TO DEATH Samadhi and Mahasamadhi In the Indian tradition, the death of sanyassins (ascetics), distinguished yogis and other famed individuals are often referred to Samadhi or Mahasamadhi. The causal usage of these two words are often without a deeper understanding of these two terms - Samadhi and Mahasamadhi. The intent of the usage of the two words to refer to an individual’s passing implies that - death has occurred ending the mortality of the individual, and turning that entity into a state of immortality. Source: Guru Nitya's book ‘Maranamenna Vaathilinappuram’ – Beyond the Door of Death
  6. 6. SAMADHI Samadhi: Is a state of intense concentration achieved through meditation. In Yoga Shastra this is regarded as the stage at which union with the Self (Brahman) or Absolute is attained. Samadhi is the ultimate goal of yoga.
  7. 7. PATANJALI’S YOGA SUTRAS Samadhi: In Patañjali's Yoga Sutras, eight steps are given as a progressive discipline to realize the truth of the Self and to actualize the equipoise of the three modalities of nature*. The ultimate goal is the attainment of aloneness. There can be degrees of perfection in the final attainment. This can be determined by making a close study of the state of absorption/Samadhi one gets. Source: Guru Nitya's Pranayama book and other references. *Note: Three modalities of nature being birth, sustenance of life, and death. The cardinal modality marks the beginning of a distinctive entity in nature, and the power of initiation. The fixed modality corresponds to the middle of life and the power of sustaining. The mutable modality represents the end of the entity and the power of change. In India these modalities are iconographically represented by divine triad, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
  8. 8. YOGA Samadhi: Samadhi can be considered as the last of eight steps in the Science of Union - Yoga. •Yama – restraints •Niyama – observations •Asana – posture •Pranayama •Pratyahara - withdrawal •Darana – value retention •Dhyana – meditation •Samadhi – union with the Absolute (silence). Source: Guru Nitya's Pranayama book.
  9. 9. SAMADHI Samadhi: Man is capable of looking both outward and inward. When he is deeply turned inward, all his organs of action become stilled. Even the senses of perception withdraw from objects of interest. Memories associated with the world of the senses do not disturb the peaceful surface, and the mind becomes calm, like a sea without waves. For a certain period of time, the causal consciousness, which creates modulations of mind, suspends its function. The world, which is reflected in our mind with ‘names and forms’ within the framework of a time-space continuum, merges into the mind-stuff*. Source: Scott Teitsworth’s discussions. *Mind-stuff : The elemental material held to be the basis of reality and to consist internally of the constituent substance of mind and to appear externally in the form of matter
  10. 10. DARSANAMALA – Garland of Visions Apavada Darsanam Asatya Darsanam Maya Darsanam Bhana Darsanam Jnana Darsanam Bhakti Darsanam Yoga Darsanam Adyaropa Darsanam Nirvana Darsanam Karma Darsanam 2014 © NPHIL Canada
  11. 11. NIRVANA DARSANAM Exiting the physiological world (Vision by Emancipation). Going out of this world is like a lamp going out without oil, or a dewdrop sinking into the sea, as with the Buddhists. Here, we take a more scientific approach. This is the final form of spirituality, the final trick. Thus, Nirvana Darsana touches the same ground of a dying man; not physiologically, but the spiritual man. Source: Darsanamala – 10 Intro by Nataraja Guru
  12. 12. NIRVANA DARSANAM Exiting the physiological world (Vision by Emancipation). The implications of death are seen contemplatively. Eschatology* is the contemplative term of life. One who attains Nirvana: how does he act? Narayana Guru enumerates the kinds of Nirvana, but with peculiarities . Source: Darsanamala – 10 Intro by Nataraja Guru *Eschatology: a part of theology concerned with what are believed to be the final events of history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity. This concept is commonly referred to as the "end of the world" or "end time".
  13. 13. NIRVANA DARSANAM Exiting the physiological world (Vision by Emancipation). Narayana Guru enumerates the kinds of Nirvana, but with peculiarities of conditioning. Source: Darsanamala – 10 Intro by Nataraja Guru PURE – NOT CONDITIONED NORMALISED IMPURE – CONDITIONED BY INSTINCTS, PROMPTING ACTIONS FOR OWN BENEFITS.
  14. 14. FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 1. Brahmavid “Established in the Absolute, a knower of the Absolute, By the fire of wisdom having burnt everything up, Aiming at the good of the world, Performs action according to what is considered as right.” The normal Brahmavid (Brahman-knower, or knower of the Absolute.) does action according to what is right: this is the first rung. He is wandering because he still has vitality left. Source: Darsanamala – 10.5
  15. 15. FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 2. Brahmavid-varaH “He who renouncing all action, Always established in the Absolute, Continues the course of the bodily life, In the world - he is the elect knower of the Absolute.” The superior knower of Brahman is the Brahmavidvarah. There is no social service here, he is beyond that: a superior man. Social work is only permitted to the beginner. Source: Darsanamala – 10.6 .
  16. 16. FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 3. Brahmavid-varIyAn “He who being informed by another is able to know, But he himself does not know- He is the more elect, who always Enjoys absorption in the Absolute.” Here, he does not even eat unless told to or reminded. "Here is food - eat it": “ I do not know this food - eat it yourself or take it away” . Source: Darsanamala – 10.7.
  17. 17. FOUR LEVELS OF JNANINS 4. Brahmavid-variShThaH “He who by himself does not know anything, And even when made to know, knows not - Such a one, always void of activity, The most elect, is the Absolute alone in itself.” Source: Darsanamala – 10.8.
  18. 18. TYPES OF SAMADHI Samadhi: Savikalpa - The state is so named because mind retains its consciousness, which is why in savikalpa samadhi one can experience guessing (vitarka), thought (vicāra), bliss (ānanda) and self-awareness (asmita). Asamprajñata - is a higher awareness state with absence of gross awareness. Nirvikalpa - This is the highest transcendent state of consciousness. In this state there is no longer mind, duality, a subject-object relationship or experience. In this condition nothing but pure awareness remains and nothing detracts from.
  19. 19. MAHASAMADHI Samadhi: Is a state of intense concentration achieved through meditation. In Yoga Shastra this is regarded as the stage, at which union with the Self (Brahman) or Absolute is attained. Samadhi is the ultimate goal of yoga. Mahasamadhi: A realized yogi’s conscious departure from the physical body at death.
  20. 20. GURU’S MAHASAMADHI Narayana Guru entered Mahasamadhi (the Great Silence) on Thursday 20th of September of the year 1928 of the Christian era; or 5th of Kanni of the year 1103 of the Kollavarsham* era. *Kollavarsham is the Malayalam calendar followed in Kerala (erstwhile Travancore)
  21. 21. BACKGROUND EVENTS Isolation: From the time of nominating Bodhananda Swamikal as the spiritual successor in 1925, certain negative vibes against Narayana Guru started to surface. Legal Will & Testament: In 1926 Narayana Guru executed his Legal Will and Testament bequeathing all the spiritual and property assets (temples, ashrams, schools etc.) to Bodhananda Swamikal as his legal successor. This commenced a legal battle with SNDP Yogam that laid a claim on the assets. The Guru had legal impunity bestowed upon him by the Travancore royals (in 1904). Flight from Travancore: In 1927 Narayana Guru moved to Ceylon, with the intention of not returning to Travancore or India. His travels through Ambasamudram and Vidyananda Swami’s recollections of the Guru’s regrets are recorded in the biography by Murkoth Kumaran.
  22. 22. BACKGROUND EVENTS Return to Advaitashram: At the insistence of many devotees who went over to Ceylon to plead for the Guru’s return, in particular A.K.Govindan Channar (Alummoottil -Govinda Das), the Guru agreed and returned to Travancore. Illness: The Guru’s health had deteriorated over the period and more specific problems like hernia and prostate enlargement had begun to trouble him. Formation of the Dharma Sanghom: It was the Guru’s long time desire to establish a monastic order dedicated to propagating his unitive philosophy On 11 January1928 when his health was weak and during his stay in Trichur, the Sree Narayana Dharma Sanghom was officially formed under the leadership of disciples Bodhananda Swamikal and Swami Dharma Theertha (a lawyer by profession).
  23. 23. BACKGROUND EVENTS
  24. 24. BACKGROUND EVENTS Illness worsens at Vaikom: In January 1928, while at Vaikom Ashram, the Guru’s illness worsened. He began to experience blockage of urine and related infection. Doctors from Palakkad treating the Guru suggested that he be moved to Palakkad. Treatment at Palakkad: Moved by boat to Kochi and then to Aluva, later the Guru and entourage moved to Palakkad. His worsening condition got temporary relief, often by insertion of catheter to release the blockage of urine. Moved to Madras: From Palakkad he was taken about four hundred miles north-east to Madras, carried in stretchers and transported from place to place, from one doctor to another, from the care of one devotee, who loved to keep him under his care, to another.
  25. 25. BACKGROUND EVENTS Move back to Sivagiri: As it was his nature not to live too long in one location, at his own insistence, it was decided to bring him back by train to Sivagiri. Stop at Alwaye: One of the railway stations on the way back was Aiwaye, where on the platform were gathered all the students, young and old, of the Sanskrit school and the Ashram for which he had given long labors. The coming event was still unknown to them but a deep emotion at the illness of the Guru sat on the features of each one. [Source: Nataraja Guru] Bodhananda’s illeness: In the months that followed, the Guru’s illness worsened. Around May 1928, his devout disciple, assigned spiritual successor and chief caretaker Bodhananda Swamikal also began to fall ill.
  26. 26. BACKGROUND EVENTS Moved to Trivandrum and back: In June the Guru was moved to Trivandrum for treatment and back to Sivagiri. Various doctors and Ayurveda physicians were at the Guru`s service, but with not much signs of improvement. Guru’s comments: About own condition his words were: •“I am fine, it is the body that has illness.” •“I have done whatever I should have done, this body is not needed anymore.” •“It is the body, it is time for it to go; there is no purpose for it anymore.”
  27. 27. THE LAST DAYS Reduced food intake: In the last days the Guru insisted on not taking any solid foods and his intake was just warm water and cumin seed water. Guru’s comments: Some of his the last utterances were: •“I have set up a new machine here. Without hurdles that machine will function here. I am satisfied.” •“5th day of (the month of) Kanni is a good day. On that day all should be served food.” •“That (the new shaving razor) is not needed again. Give it away for him (the barber).”
  28. 28. GURU’S MAHASAMADHI  The children under the Guru’s care at the Sivagiri Ashram came to see the Guru at the Vaidika Madom building in the Ashram. Otherwise a strong faced man, for once his eyes were full when the children sought his blessings and bid him farewell.  At noon as per the Guru’s wish many were served public lunch.  Around 3.15 pm the Guru said “I am experiencing peace”. He gestured the need to sit up on the bed. Achuthananda Swamikal helped him to sit up in ‘padmasana’ posture.  Around 3.30 the recital of Yoga Vasistha ended and the recital of Daivadasakam commenced. With the ending verse of the prayer - the Guru had left his mortal body.
  29. 29. GURU’S MAHASAMADHI
  30. 30. CEREMONIES  The news of the Maha-Samadhi of Narayana Guru spread all over the Malayalam speaking land.  Crowds of devotees, newsmen, and flocked to Sivagiri commencing Thursday night. Meetings and discussions were held.  The sanyassins and brahmacharis went on a fast and commenced the recital of prayers and devotional activities.  On Friday (21st September) morning photographs were taken of the mortal remains at the Vaidika Madom. Source: Satchidananda Swami’s book on the Mahasamadhi
  31. 31. PUBLIC VIEWING Mourners flocked at the Mahasamadhi as the body is being brought down from Vaidika Madom.
  32. 32. PUBLIC VIEWING Public viewing was at the Vanajakshy Mandapam. Vanajakshy Mandapam was situated about midway between the corner of the Sivagiri mutt that faces us when we pass the bridge in front of the present bookstall and the flight of steps straight ahead that lead to the office. The Vanajakshy Mandapam was at the same level as the office building. One side was close to the granite retaining wall that is on our right side when we walk to the flight of steps. Newly wed couples used to stand there when they received the relatives who came to attend their wedding at the Sarada matom. The building was demolished some time after the Mahasamadhi mandiram was built in granite. Source: Muralee Mohanlal
  33. 33. PUBLIC VIEWING Public viewing was at the Vanajakshy Mandapam.
  34. 34. CEREMONIES  At 1 pm on Friday, the bath rituals (abhishekam) was performed.  Friday afternoon - the body was seated in a florally decorated palanquin and moved in a procession to the Vanajakshy Mandapam for public viewing.  The ceremonies that commenced on Friday around 5 pm went on till around midnight.  The Mahasamadhi grounds were prepared. The consecrated grave was 30 feet square and seven feet deep. In the center was a pit five feet square and five feet deep, lined with stones and having a strong foundation.  Saturday`s events commenced at 5 am and continued to noon. Source: Satchidananda Swami’s book on the Mahasamadhi
  35. 35. CEREMONIES  The Guru’s body was lowered in it in a sitting posture and the pit filled with salt, camphor, sandalwood with the head alone remaining exposed.  The next day (Sunday) at dawn the head was also similarly covered with camphor and ash.  Devotees that flocked were seen taking off their ornaments too and depositing it in the Mahasamadhi pit, till the tomb-slab was placed on the grave.  All the while, prayers and chanting of mantras continued until finally the performance of funeral rites prescribed for interning the earthly remains of Advaita sanyasins. Source: Satchidananda Swami’s book on the Mahasamadhi
  36. 36. CEREMONIES  On the same day, Sunday 8th day of the month of Kanni, Bodhananda Swamikal also joined his Guru in Mahasamadhi.  Special prayers continued for 45 days after Narayana Guru’s Mahasamadhi ceremonies. Source: Satchidananda Swami’s book on the Mahasamadhi
  37. 37. TRIBUTES BY NOTABLES Notables at the time that wrote poetic tributes to the Guru include:  Vallathol Narayana Menon (Poet)  Mahakavi Pallathu Raman (Poet)  K. C. Kunjuraman Nair (Poet)  Pandit K. P. Karuppan (Poet and reformer)  Sreekanteswaram G. Padmanabha Pillai (Lexicographer)  Vidhwan Pandalathu Ramavarma Thampuran (Travancore royal, poet)
  38. 38. TRIBUTES BY NOTABLES More poetic tributes: Kilimanoor Rohini Thirunaal Thamburatty (Travancore royal)  Maravoor Bhaskaran Nair (Author, poet)  Mooloor Padmanabha Panicker (Poet, reformer)  V. Unnikrishnan Nair (Author, critic)  P. V. Krishna Warrier (Writer, editor)  Koyippillil Parameswara Kurup (Literary historian)
  39. 39. TRIBUTES BY NOTABLES More poetic tributes:  Mary John Koothaattukulam (Poet)  Sahodaran K. Ayyappan (Reformer, author, journalist)  A. Ahmedkunju Vakkom (Poet)  K. S. K. Thalikkulam (Poet)  Mitavadi Krishnan (Author, journalist)  Muthukulam Parvathiamma (Poet), etc.
  40. 40. MAHAKAVI G’s TRIBUTE “When noble thoughts do come And noble deeds are done, When something creative stems From the brilliance of language, then I cannot but see, in front of me A sceptre of righteousness beheld In this Second Buddha’s, that divine hand!” Note: Poet Mahakavi G. Sankara Kurup is the first recipient of India’s highest literary honour – the Jnanpith Award
  41. 41. MAUSOLEUM (1928) The initial Mahasamadhi Mandiram (mausoleum) built in 1928 had a temporary roofing structure enclosing the tomb area. It was also located where the present Mahasamadhi Mandiram is situated.
  42. 42. MAUSOLEUM (1928) Inside of the first Mahasamadhi Mandir (mausoleum) built in 1928. Commencing the later 1950s the first mausoleum was demolished and the hill top widened to make room for the new mausoleum.
  43. 43. NEW MAUSOLEUM (1960s)
  44. 44. NEW MAUSOLEUM (1968)
  45. 45. THE MAUSOLEUM NOW
  46. 46. SANCTUM SANCTORUM  In 1968 the white marble statue of the Guru was crafted in Varanasi (Banaras) by sculptor, Professor Pasupathinath Mukherjee.  It was brought by road, and taken in a procession through the length of Kerala, before being installed in the sanctum sanctorum of the new Mahasamadhi Mandir.
  47. 47. MERGER WITH SAT-AUM “Neither this, nor that nor the content of existence am I, But existence, subsistence, joy-immortal; thus attaining clarity. Emboldened, discarding attachment to being and non-being One should gently, gently, merge in SAT-AUM.” Narayana Guru in Atmopadesa Satakam Verse 100. Original composition in the Malayalam language.
  48. 48. ‘I’ AM NOT THE BODY ‘I’ am not the body but Awareness. Even before the body was born, ‘I’ – The Awareness was there. Even if all these cease to exist, ‘I’ will remain glowing like this. Narayana Guru in Gadya Prarthana.
  49. 49. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 1. Guru Muni Narayana Prasad and the Narayana Gurukula Foundation for use of content from the various books published by the Foundation. 2. References to interpretations in the ‘Works of Sree Narayana Guru with Complete Interpretations’ by Prof. G. Balakrishnan Nair and his discourses on the works of Narayana Guru and Vedanta. 3. References to interpretations in ‘Life and Teachings of Narayana Guru’ by Nataraja Guru. 4. References to interpretations in ‘That Alone – The Core of Wisdom’ by Guru Nitya Chaitanya Yati. 5. Collaborators and well-wishers of NPHIL for their input and feedback that assists in the creation and continuous improvement of this slide-set. 6. Scott Teitsworth’s exchanges on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. 7. Satchidananda Swamy –Sree Narayana Gurudevante Mahasamadhi. 8. Hatha-Yoga – by Mikel Burly 9. Maranamenna Vaathilinappuram - by Guru Nitya Chaitanya Yati. 10. Katha Upanishad 11. Images – Narayana Guru’s portrait captured circa early 1920s at the Jagganatha Temple, Thalassery. Recopied and enhanced by Sujit Sivanand from a surviving print at Alummoottil House, Mavelikkara. Other images from own photo shoots and non-copyrighted images from the public domain.
  50. 50. Compiled by Sujit Sivanand For NPHIL Canada September 2014 A Self-Education Network 2014 © NPHIL Canada The End. SUBSCRIBE TO NPHIL ON FACEBOOK https://www.facebook.com/nphil.org

×