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Sustainable Tourism Chapter 3

Chapter 3 impact of tourism development

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Sustainable Tourism Chapter 3

  1. 1. IMPACTS OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. OF TOURISM ON ENVIRONMENT Environmental protection, conservation and restoration of biological diversity and sustainable use of natural resources Increase public appreciation of the environment and to spread awareness of environmental problems Direct financial contribution Foreign exchange earnings Growth in service sector
  4. 4. Increased air pollution Land degradation Shortage of water resources Noise pollution Loss of natural habitat NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM ON ENVIRONMENT
  5. 5. Generate employment opportunities Increase foreign exchange earning Enhance cultural exchange Fund may help to maintain cultural heritage & traditions Improvement of environmental quality OF TOURISM ON HOST COMMUNITIES
  6. 6. Shortages of money invested in health and educational Seasonal Job Status Wearing & tearing heritage site and artifacts Littering/pollution Conflicts among host and tourist Disturbance of wildlife NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF TOURISM ON HOST COMMUNITY
  7. 7. Roles of Tourism in Economic development Direct Effect • labor-intensive • Highly significant in urban and coastal areas • Wages and earnings Indirect effect • tourism value chain • Offer job opportunity to other sectors Dynamic effect • Effect the livelihood strategies of local households • Infrastructure or natural resource base • Business climate for SME
  8. 8. Tourism can bring many economic and social benefits, particularly in rural areas and developing countries, but mass tourism is also associated with negative effects. Tourism can only be sustainable if it is carefully managed so that potential negative effects on the host community and the environment are not permitted to outweigh the financial benefits. CONCLUSION

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