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Sustainable Tourism Chapter 4

Chapter 4 managing the impact of tourism development

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Sustainable Tourism Chapter 4

  2. 2. • The careful use of natural resources (such as trees, oil, etc.) to prevent them from being lost or wasted • The protection of animals, plants, and natural resources • The things that are done to keep works of art or things of historical importance in good condition ( Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2017) CONSERVATION
  3. 3. Preservation • Preservation is an unchanged or perfect condition without disturbing the balance of nature • The effort to maintain resources in their original state ( Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2017.)
  4. 4. • The process by which the anticipated effects on the environment of a proposed development or project are measured. • If the likely effects are unacceptable, design measures or other relevant mitigation measures can be taken to reduce or avoid those effects ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)
  5. 5. IMPORTANCE OF EIA • contribute their information for expert analyses • review and help prioritize environmental impacts and mitigation measures Opportunities to Raise Environmental Issues • redrawing the project area around sensitive areas, employing a technology to minimize impacts, planting vegetation to stabilize disturbed soils, or abandoning the proposed project altogether Creating Alternatives and Mitigating Impacts • to inform impact analyses • to act as a comparison for post- project conditions Monitoring and Collecting Data
  6. 6. CARRYING CAPACITY • “The maximum number of people that may visit a tourist destination at the same time, without causing destruction of the physical, economic, socio- cultural environment and an unacceptable decrease in the quality of visitors satisfaction” - WTO • In ecological terms, the carrying capacity of an ecosystem is the size of the population that can be supported indefinitely upon the available resources and services of that ecosystem. Living within the limits of an ecosystem depends on three factors: – The amount of resources available in the ecosystem, – The size of the population, and – The amount of resources each individual is consuming.
  7. 7. IMPORTANCE OF CC • CC for any given area is not fixed. It can altered by improved technology, but mostly it is changed for the worse by pressures which accompany a population increase. • As the environment is degraded, CC actually shrinks, leaving the environment no longer able to support even the number of people who could formerly have lived in the area on sustainable basis. • No population can live beyond the environment’s CC for vey long.
  8. 8. TYPES OF CC • Reduced visitor enjoyment and increased crime are also indicator of when the social CC has been exceeded • The extend to which natural environment is able to tolerate interference form tourist • Eg: habitat’s ability to regenerate • Level of acceptable change within the local economy of a tourist destination • To which tourist destination is able to accommodate tourist functions without the loss of local activities • Max no. of tourist that an area is actually able to support • Max no. that can fit on the site at any given time and still allow people to move Physical Economic SocialBio- Physical
  9. 9. ZONING • Zoning refers to what can and cannot occur in different areas of the protected areas • i.e: natural resources management, cultural resource management, human use and benefit, visitor use and experience, access, facilities and protected area development, maintenance and operations. • Allows areas to be set aside for particular activities such as protection of key habitats or nursery areas and breeding sites, research, education, anchoring, fishing and tourism.
  10. 10. IMPORTANCE OF ZONING Helps to reduce or eliminate conflict between different users of the protected areas To improve the quality of activities such as tourism, and to facilitate compliance Accepted method to keep people out of the most sensitive, ecologically valuable, or recovering areas To limit the impact of visitor behavior 1 2 3 4
  11. 11. DISCUSSION In a group, discuss the application of below conservation and preservation method in Malaysia: Environmental Impact Assessment Carrying Capacity Zoning
  12. 12. CONCLUSION