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Surah Ar Rahman - A Detailed Analysis

A detailed overview of Surah Ar Rahman - the 55th Surah of Al Quran.

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Surah Ar Rahman - A Detailed Analysis

  1. 1. SURAH AR-RAHMAN ‫سورة‬ ‫الرحمن‬Chapter-55 (Prepared by: Nasim Ahsan)
  2. 2. IN THE NAME OF GOD ,THE MOST GRACIOUS, THE MOST MERCIFUL
  3. 3. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the Heaven and the Earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgement. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take away message.
  4. 4. The Virtue of Surah Ar-Rahman According to the Quran and authentic Sunnah, there is no specific mention of the importance of Surah Ar-Rahman Section-1 About Surah Ar-Rahman
  5. 5. Time Of Revelation: • Imam Qurtubi(rta) holds the view that this surah was revealed in Makkah. • Imam Tirmidhi (rta) recorded from Jabir(rta) that the Prophet(saw) recited this surah before “some people” who remained silent. The Prophet (saw) said: “I recited this surah to the Jinns , on the night of Jinn and their response was better than Yours! Whenever I recited Allah’s Statement “ ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ ” (So, O mankind and Jinn which of the Favours of your Lord will you deny). They said: “ ‫ال‬‫بشيء‬‫من‬‫نعمك‬‫ربنا‬‫نكذب‬‫فلك‬‫الحمد‬ ” “None of Your favours do we deny, our Lord! All Praise is due to you.” Section-1 About Surah Ar-Rahman.
  6. 6. • Upon returning from the city of Taif, in the 10th year of Prophethood, the Prophet recited the Quran and was heard by the Jinn. • There are several authentic traditions which testify that Surah Rehman was revealed in Makkah, many years before migration to Madina. Section-1 About Surah Ar-Rahman.
  7. 7. The Makkan Life Of The Prophet(saw) 610 614611 616612 618613 620615 621617 622619 40 4441 4642 4843 5045 5147 5249 First Revelators SecretInvitation Open Invitation PersecutionofMuslim stars MigrationtoEthiopiabya group EconomicBoycottbyBanyu Hashim Endof economic boycott DeathofKhadija andAbuTalib VisitToTaef IsraandMirajNightJourney TheFirsttreatyofAqbah MigrationtoMadina Khadija,Abu Bakar, AliZaid(rta) acceptedIslam Hamzaand Umar accepted Islam 1 52 73 94 116 128 1310 Surah Ar-Rahman Early Makkan Period
  8. 8. Ayah Theme Section 1. Allah(swt) blessings and favours. Ayah(1-4) Section 2. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and earth. Ayah(5-13) Section 3. The creation of humans and Jinns. Ayah(14-16) Section 4. Allah(swt) is the lord of the east and west. Ayah(17-18) Section 5. Allah(swt) created seas and Rivers. Ayah(19-25) Section 6. Allah(swt) is everliving. Ayah(26-28) Section 7. Allah(swt) is the sustainer. Ayah(29-30) Section 8. The warning and accountability of men & jinns. Ayah(31-36) Section 9. The punishment of the criminals on the D of J. Ayah (37-45) Section 10. The reward of the nearest to Allah. Ayah(46-61) Section 11. The reward of the people of right hand. Ayah(62-78) Section-1 About Surah Ar-Rahman.
  9. 9. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgement. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take away message.
  10. 10. .1ُِّ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫الر‬ .2َِّ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َِّ‫آن‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ .3َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬ .4ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours. The verses (1-4) refers to the special favours of Allah(swt) blessed upon mankind such as: 1)Revealing and teaching the Quran. 2)Creation of Mankind and the power of speech.
  11. 11. ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫الر‬ 55:1) The Most Compassionate ● The word “ ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫”الر‬ comes from the root word[ ‫رح‬‫م‬ ]. ● The verse emphasizes the divine attribute of Allah is Ar- Rahman means the most gracious. • The word[Ar-Rahman] appears 71 times in the Quran. • Whenever Allah(swt) speaks of his throne, he uses the word [Ar-Rahman] only. Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  12. 12. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) Allah(swt) has used the word “ ُِّ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫”الر‬ in other Surahs ِّْ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬َِّ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ُِّ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫الر‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ِِّ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬َّ‫ك‬َ‫و‬َ‫ت‬ 67:29)Say: "He is the Compassionate: in Him we have believed, and in Him we have put our trust. ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ِّ‫ْن‬‫د‬َ‫ع‬‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫د‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َّ‫الر‬ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫ع‬ِِّ‫ب‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ِِِّّۚ‫إ‬ُِّ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬َِّ‫َان‬‫ك‬ُِّ‫ه‬ُ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬ًّ‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫م‬ 19:61)They will be granted the Gardens of Eden which the Merciful has promised to His servants, even though they have not seen them, and His promise shall be fulfilled. ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ِِّ‫ت‬َ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫َل‬ِِّ‫د‬ُ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬َِِّّّۚ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬َِّ‫َان‬‫ك‬َِّّ‫لر‬ِ‫ل‬ِِّ‫ن‬ ََٰ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬‫ا‬ًّ‫ي‬ ِ‫َص‬‫ع‬ 19:44)O my father! Do not worship Shaitan: for Shaitan is disobedient to the Compassionate (Allah). Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  13. 13. َِّ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬‫آن‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:2) taught the Quran, The word Al-Quran means which is recited over and over again. ● Allah(swt) taught Jibreel(a.s) and Jibreel(a.s) taught the Prophet(saw). ● Afterwards, the Prophet taught his companions, and the companions taught others. ● Allah (Ar-Rahman) taught: ○ The Method of recitation of the Quran. ○ The Meaning of the Quran. ○ The Manner in which we should act upon the Quran. ● Allah(swt) revealed it for the guidance of men and Jinns. Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  14. 14. Allah(swt) Taught The Quran: Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours. ‫علم‬‫القران‬ Allah(swt) Jabreel(a.s) Prophet(saw) Companions of Prophet Recitation of Quran Meaning of The Quran Acting Upon Quran
  15. 15. Point Of Reflection • Allah bestowed the Quran on us as a favour. This highlights the importance of the Quran and that we should recite it in our spare time. • We should also reflect and ponder on its meaning and apply it in our daily life. Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  16. 16. Allah(swt) Tells the Purpose of Creation َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬ 55:3) created humanity, ● The word “ َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫”اْل‬ comes from the root word “ nasiya” which means forgetting and human being is forgetful by nature. • Allah(swt) created man. • The imparting Knowledge of the Quran is mentioned first and the creation of man later, because the fundamental object of man’s creation is to impart him the knowledge of Quran (a complete code of life and way to guidance). (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran): ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ت‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َِّّ‫ن‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ِِّ‫ُون‬‫د‬ُ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ 51:56)We have not created jinns and mankind except to worship Me. Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  17. 17. ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬‫ان‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:4) ˹and˺ taught them speech. Al-Hassan said “eloquent speech ”. • The verse refers to Allah(swt) teaching mankind how to speak eloquently. • Allah (swt) taught mankind about the Quran prior to teaching him how to speak eloquently. This is because you cannot convey the message of Allah without having the ability to speak. Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  18. 18. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ِّْ‫ع‬ِ‫ب‬َّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬‫آ‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ 75:18)and when it is recited, to make you follow it. Section-2 Allah (swt) blessings and favours.
  19. 19. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgement. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take away message.
  20. 20. .5ُِّ‫س‬ْ‫َّم‬‫ش‬‫ال‬ُِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬ .6ُِّ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ر‬َ‫ج‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫َان‬‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬َ‫ي‬ .7َِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬َِّ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ .8َِّّ‫َل‬َ‫أ‬‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ت‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ .9‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫ت‬ِِّ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ .10َِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ن‬َ ْ‫ْل‬ِ‫ل‬ .11‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ك‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ .12ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ْف‬‫ص‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫الر‬َ‫و‬ .13ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. • These verses (5-13) draw attention to the signs found in the heaven and the earth. • Allah(swt) reminds man and jinn of his various blessings which are instrumental for their existence on the Earth.
  21. 21. ُِّ‫س‬ْ‫َّم‬‫ش‬‫ال‬ُِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬ 55:5) The sun and the moon ˹travel˺ with precision. • The sun and the moon are the two mighty creations of Allah(swt) and the source of heat and light on the earth. • They are following the paths ordained for them and observing the limits set for them by the Almighty. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  22. 22. (similarly in the other surah of the Quran) Allah(swt) Says About Sun And Moon َِّ‫َل‬ُِّ‫س‬ْ‫َّم‬‫ش‬‫ال‬‫ي‬ِ‫غ‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ك‬ ِ‫ْر‬‫د‬ُ‫ت‬َِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ل‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬ُِّ‫ق‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ِِّّۚ‫ُل‬‫ك‬َ‫و‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ف‬َِّ‫ب‬ْ‫س‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ح‬ 36:40)Neither it is possible for the sun to overtake the moon, nor for the night to outstrip the day: each floats along in its own orbit. ُِّ‫ق‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫اح‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ص‬ِْ‫اْل‬َِّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ل‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫ل‬‫ال‬‫ا‬ً‫ن‬َ‫ك‬َ‫س‬َِّ‫س‬ْ‫َّم‬‫ش‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬ً‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ح‬َِِّّۚ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬ََٰ‫ذ‬ُِّ‫ِير‬‫د‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ِِّ‫يز‬ ِ‫ز‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫يم‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 6:96)He causes the daybreak from the dark. He makes the night for rest and makes the rising and setting of the sun and the moon for you to determine times ( days, weeks, months and years), these are the arrangements of the Almighty, the All- Knowing. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  23. 23. ُِّ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ر‬َ‫ج‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫َان‬‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬َ‫ي‬ 55:6) The stars and the trees bow down ˹in submission˺ Mujahid, Al-Hassan and Qatadah said: An-Najm “ ُِّ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َّ‫ن‬‫”ال‬ the star[the one that in the sky] The following ayah explains the verse (55:6) very well. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬َِّّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َِّ َّ‫اّلل‬ُِّ‫د‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫س‬َ‫ي‬ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫ْل‬ُِّ‫س‬ْ‫َّم‬‫ش‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫م‬‫و‬ُ‫ج‬‫الن‬َ‫و‬ِّْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬ ِ‫ج‬ ُِّ‫ر‬َ‫ج‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫اب‬َ‫َّو‬‫د‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ 22:18)Do you not see how all who dwell in the heavens and the earth bow down in worship to Allah, including the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, the animals. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  24. 24. • The stars of the heaven and the trees of the earth are all subject to Allah’s commands and are obedient to his law. • They glorify their lord through their eternal submission. • It calls upon man and jinn that they too must not be rebellious to their creator and should worship and bow down before him in full obedience. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  25. 25. َِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬َِّ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:7) As for the sky, He raised it ˹high˺, and set the balance ˹of justice • Allah(swt) has raised the heaven high. • Allah(swt) has maintained a balance in the roof of the sky and also set firm mountains on the earth lest it should fall away with you to one side. • Allah(swt) has established entire system of universe (sun moon, stars, sky and earth) with a great harmony and balance. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ To Raise up
  26. 26. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. SUN MOON STAR SKY EARTH EVERYTHING IN THE UNIVERSE OBEYS ALLAH The Human Being And Jinn should also obey Allah. INVITATION OF THE QURAN
  27. 27. The following three verses(7,8,9) present an important part of the Quranic teaching: justice, peace and harmony. َِّ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:7) And set the balance ˹of justice˺ َِّّ‫َل‬َ‫أ‬‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ت‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:8) so that you do not defraud the scales. ‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫ت‬‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:9) Weigh with justice, and do not give short measure. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  28. 28. 7. َِّ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ The previous verse[55:7] can be understood by the following verse of the Quran. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) ِّْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ُ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ك‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫اب‬َ‫ت‬َِّ‫و‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫م‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ُِّ‫اس‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ 57:25)Surely We sent Our Rasools with clear signs, and sent down with them the Book and the Scales of Justice, so that men may conduct themselves with fairness. The word “ ‫”ميزان‬ (balance) has been interpreted in the context of justice. • These verses imply that the ultimate purpose of creating the heaven and earth was to establish justice, peace and harmony. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  29. 29. 8. َِّّ‫َل‬َ‫أ‬‫ا‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ت‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ The verse states that the reason for creating the scale is to establish fairness, maintain the balance and also not to practice injustice. ‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ِِّ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬……. • The word “ ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫”ل‬ means justice. • The verse means to observe the correct weight with fairness and justice. • The following ayah explains it very well. ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬ ِ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫اس‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ِِّ‫يم‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 26:182) Weigh with even scales. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  30. 30. ……َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ت‬ُِّ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫خ‬‫وا‬‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬9. • The word “ ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫”خ‬ means to cheat. • The verse implies that don’t cheat in weight and measure, but rather observe justice and fairness. • Almighty greatly cherishes justice, fairness and balance and doesn’t approve anything contrary to it in the world he created. • He wants that man too in his circle of authority should give due regard to justice, fairness and equity. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  31. 31. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. Justice Fairness Equity The Purpose Of The Creation Of Heaven And Earth To Establish The Following .9‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬ِِّ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ Establish Weight in Justice. Weigh and measure with full honesty .9َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫ت‬‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Not Weightless Do not Cheat in weigh & Measure THROUGH ALLAH’S INSTRUCTIONS
  32. 32. Signs on Earth: َِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬‫ام‬َ‫ن‬َ ْ‫ْل‬ِ‫ل‬ 55:10) He laid out the earth for all beings. • Allah(swt) has spread out the earth and balanced it with firm mountains, so that it would be stable for its residents (all creatures). • Allah(swt) made and prepared this earth in such a way a that it became a perfect and a suitable place for all life forms. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. ‫ام‬َ‫ن‬َ ْ‫ْل‬ِ‫ل‬ Creatures َِّ‫ع‬َ‫ض‬َ‫و‬ Laid Down
  33. 33. ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ك‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ 55:11)In it are fruit, palm trees with date stalks. ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ …….. • There are fruits of various color, taste and scent. • Allah(swt) has made an adequate arrangement of provisions for man, jinn, animal and other living creature on the earth. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  34. 34. 11. ُِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ك‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ …….. • The word “ ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ك‬َ ْ‫”اْل‬ is a plural of “‫”كم‬ and it refer to the cover that surrounds and protects dates and other fruits. • Allah(swt) has elaborately packed each and every fruit in an amazing manner. • Allah(swt) has mentioned the date tree here specifically because it can be used either fresh or dry. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  35. 35. ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ْف‬‫ص‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫الر‬َ‫و‬ 55:12) and grain with husks, and aromatic plants. ● The word “ ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬” means grains for example: wheat, rice and lentil. ● The word “‫ْف‬‫ص‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫”ا‬ is the outer cover of some types of grain like rice and wheat (husk). ● Grain is for human consumption and the husk is for animals. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  36. 36. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:13) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you ˹humans and jinn˺ both deny? ● Siddique Hasan Khan (rta) has done a very unique analysis on the repetition of the verse “ ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ ” which occurs 31 times in this surah. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  37. 37. The first 8 repetition The next 7 repetition The next 8 repetition The next 8 repetition Allah’s blessing and favours on Earth. Warning of Allah’s punishment In hell. Follow a description of the highest level of paradise near to Allah. Come after Allah describes the lower levels of paradise. 8 favours of Allah Because hell has 7 doors. The paradise has 8 doors The paradise has 8 doors Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  38. 38. Analysis His analysis of the above is as follows: ● Whoever acknowledge the 8 favours of Allah will be saved from the next 7 doors of hell. ● These people will enter the lower level of paradise through 8 doors. To get to the higher-level of paradise, these people will go through another set of 8 doors. ● This ayah is repeated a total of 31 times. Section-3 Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth.
  39. 39. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take away message.
  40. 40. .14َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ال‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬َِّ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫َا‬‫ك‬ِِّ‫ار‬َّ‫خ‬ .15َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َ‫و‬َِّّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ج‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫م‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ار‬َ‫ن‬ .16ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ Section-4 The creation of humans and jinns.. The Verse (14-16) refers to the Source of creation of Human and the Jinn.
  41. 41. Creation of Human: َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ال‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ِِّ‫ار‬َّ‫خ‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫َا‬‫ك‬ 55:14) He created humankind from ˹sounding˺ clay like pottery, • The word “ َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫”اْل‬ in this context refers unanimously to the first man [Adam(a.s)]. • Allah mentions that he created mankind from clay, like that used in pottery. • After the creation of Adam(a.s), his offspring is created from a drop of sperm. • All the phases of human life are referred to in the Quran. Section-4 The creation of humans and jinns.. ِّ‫ال‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ Clay َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬ He created ‫ار‬َّ‫خ‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫َا‬‫ك‬ Like the pottery
  42. 42. Creation of Jinn َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َ‫و‬َِّّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ج‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫م‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ار‬َ‫ن‬ 55:15) and created jinn from a ˹smokeless˺ flame of fire. ● The jinns were created from a fire free of smoke. ● They are invisible to human beings. ● They adopt different shapes and move very fast. Section-4 The creation of humans and jinns.. ِّ‫ج‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫م‬ A smokeless flame َِّّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ The Jinn ِّ‫ار‬َ‫ن‬ fire ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ of
  43. 43. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) Allah(swt) Says About Jinn ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬َ‫ب‬َِّ‫م‬َ‫د‬‫آ‬َِّ‫َل‬ُِّ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ي‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ي‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ك‬َِّ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِِّ‫ة‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ع‬ ِ‫ز‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َِّ‫ب‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫س‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ت‬‫آ‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫س‬ُِِّّۚ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ُِّ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬‫ي‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َ‫و‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َِّ‫ح‬ُُِّْ‫ي‬َِّ‫َل‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬ِّۚ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َِّّ‫ش‬‫ال‬َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫اط‬َ‫ي‬ َِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ِين‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬َِّ‫َل‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬ 7:27)O children of Adam! Let not Shaitan seduce you in the same manner as he seduced your parents out of paradise through stripping them of their clothing in order to expose their nakedness. He and his tribe watch you from where you cannot see them. We have permitted the shaitans to be the guardians over the unbelievers. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:16) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-4 The creation of humans and jinns..
  44. 44. The stages of the creation of the first man Adam(a.s) ‫ارض‬ ‫حمامسنون‬‫صلصال‬‫كالفخار‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫م‬َِّ‫ن‬ِِّ‫اء‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َِّّ‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ِّ‫ء‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ش‬ (21:30) َِّ‫ك‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫اب‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫ت‬ (18:37) ‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ط‬ِّ‫ب‬ ِ‫ز‬ َ‫َل‬ (37:11) َِّ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ِّ‫ال‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬َِّ‫ك‬َِّّ‫خ‬َ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ار‬ (55:14) ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّ‫ق‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫خ‬‫ا‬ً‫َر‬‫ش‬َ‫ب‬ ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ِّ‫ل‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ِّ‫إ‬َ‫م‬َ‫ح‬‫و‬ُ‫ن‬ْ‫س‬َ‫م‬ِّ‫ن‬ (15:28) Allah has Produced you from the earth (Earthy Material) Allah created everything from water (1)(Water) Primary source He who created you from the dust (dry sand) 2)(Dry sand) Primary source Allah says we created men from sticky clay 3(sticky clay=water+ Sand) He Created man from clay like that of pottery 4(dry clay used by potter) I created a human being out of dark and hard clay 5(Baked clay from furnace) Earth Water Dry Sand Sticky Clay Dark And Hard Clay ‫ماء‬ ‫تراب‬ ‫طين‬‫َلزب‬ Dry Clay ُِّ َّ‫اّلل‬َ‫و‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َِّ‫ب‬َ‫ن‬‫ًا‬‫ت‬‫ا‬ (71:17) َِّ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َِّ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ (11:61)
  45. 45. Analysis: ●The Primary source is water and dry sand[earthy material]. ●Allah(swt) moulded this into the shape of a human and then breathed spirit into it. ●The progeny of Adam(a.s) has been created by a drop of sperm. Section-4 The creation of humans and jinns..
  46. 46. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  47. 47. .17ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ْر‬‫ش‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ِّْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ن‬ .18ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ Section-5 Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west.
  48. 48. Allah(swt) is the lord of earth and west: ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ْر‬‫ش‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:17) ˹He is˺ Lord of the two easts and the two wests. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:18) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? • The two easts and two wests symbolize the rising and setting of the sun. • Allah(swt) controls the entire universe, is the master of the east and west, and has established the rising and setting of the sun on earth. • Every point of sunrise is also a sunset for the people living on the opposite side of the globe and every sunset is a sunrise for the people living on the opposite side of globe. Section-5 Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west.
  49. 49. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  50. 50. .19َِّ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ي‬ .20‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ِّ‫خ‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬َِّ‫َل‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫غ‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬ .21ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .22ُِّ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ُِّ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ل‬ْ‫ؤ‬‫الل‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ .23ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. The verses(19-23) point to Allah’s (swt) favours such as the seas and rivers, and the benefits derived from them.
  51. 51. َِّ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ي‬ 55:19) He merges the two bodies of ˹fresh and salt˺ water. ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ِّ‫خ‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬َِّ‫َل‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫غ‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬ 55:20) yet between them is a barrier they never cross ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:21) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. ‫ْن‬‫ي‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫َح‬‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Two seas َِّ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ Let loose ِّ‫خ‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬ barrier ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫غ‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬ Meeting together
  52. 52. ● The “two seas” referred to in the ayah are the sweet and salt waters. ○ Salt water come from the sea. ○ Sweet water come from the river. ● The ayah(25:53) below explains the above ayah in a befitting manner. (similarly in the other surah of the Quran) َِّ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫و‬‫ِي‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫ج‬َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ََٰ‫ه‬ِّ‫ب‬ْ‫َذ‬‫ع‬ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ََٰ‫ه‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫م‬ُِّ‫أ‬ِّ‫اج‬َ‫ج‬َِّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬ً‫خ‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬ً‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ ِ‫ح‬َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ور‬ُ‫ج‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫م‬ 25:53)He is the One Who has made the two seas rolling, the one sweet and fresh, the other salt and bitter, and set a rampart between them, an insurmountable barrier. َِّ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ً‫ز‬ ِ‫اج‬َ‫ح‬ 27:61) and placed a barrier between the two seas. Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers.
  53. 53. ● The barrier between the two types of waters (I.e between seas and rivers) is the vast land that separates the seas from the rivers. This prevents the mixing of these two waters. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:21) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers.
  54. 54. Pearl and coral for Adornment ُِّ‫ج‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ُِّ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ل‬ْ‫ؤ‬‫الل‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ 55:22) Out of both ˹waters˺ come forth pearls and coral. Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ coral ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ل‬ْ‫ؤ‬‫الل‬ pearl ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ From both water
  55. 55. • There are benefits for mankind from these two types of waters. • The pearl and coral used for adornment come out of seas and rivers. ⮚ Freshwater pearls are found in rivers and lakes. ⮚ Salty water pearls are found in ocean and seas. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:23) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers.
  56. 56. Sailing Ship ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫و‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫َآت‬‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫م‬ َ‫َْل‬‫ع‬َ ْ‫َاْل‬‫ك‬ 55:24) To Him belong the ships with raised sails, sailing through the seas like mountains. Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. ُِّ‫َآت‬‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Constructed ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫و‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Ships ِِّ‫م‬ َ‫َْل‬‫ع‬َ ْ‫ْل‬ Mountains
  57. 57. • Qatadah(rta) Said: “Al-munsha’at” means created. • Allah(swt) reminds us that he favoured us with the Knowledge of building ships that cross oceans and sail on the surface of surging waters. • These ships are as visible as mountains when they are in the ocean. • It transports heavy cargo from one continent to another. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:25) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-6 Allah(swt) created seas and rivers.
  58. 58. Section-5 Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. Allah’s Favour Sea Rivers Salt Water Sweet Water Benefit for Mankind Pearls Coral Ships Fish
  59. 59. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  60. 60. .26ِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ف‬ .27َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ل‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ .28ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬َِّ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ِِّ‫ان‬ Section-7 Allah is immortal and sustainer. The verses (26-28) refers to Allah being Immortal(remain forever) and others being mortal
  61. 61. ِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ف‬ 55:26) Every being on earth is bound to perish. َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ 55:27) Only your Lord Himself, full of Majesty and Honour, will remain ˹forever˺. Section-7 Allah is immortal and sustainer. َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬ will remain ‫ان‬َ‫ف‬ perish ُِّ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫و‬ Face
  62. 62. • The verses indicate that God Alone is immortal. • Allah(swt) states that whosoever on earth will perish. • It means that death is a reality and that every single living creature (including man and jinn) will taste death. • Only Allah(swt)’s honorable face will remain forever. ‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ [The owner of greatness and pride]. Section-7 Allah is immortal and sustainer.
  63. 63. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) ِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّ‫ء‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ش‬ِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ُِّ‫ه‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّۚ 28:88) Everything is perishable except Him. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:28) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-7 Allah is immortal and sustainer.
  64. 64. ُِّ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫س‬َ‫ي‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬َِِّّّۚ‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ِّ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ِِّ‫ف‬‫ي‬ِّ‫ن‬ْ‫َأ‬‫ش‬ 55:29) All those in the heavens and the earth are dependent on Him. Day in and day out He has something to bring about. ُِّ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫س‬َ‫ي‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬……. ● The verse signifies that all creatures seek help from Allah, regardless of condition or situation. ● The ayah mentions that “he is the sustainer” - this is another attribute of Allah. ● He is the one who gives what everyone needs. Section-7 Allah is immortal and sustainer.
  65. 65. 29. َِّّ‫ل‬ُ‫ك‬ِّ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ن‬ْ‫َأ‬‫ش‬ …… Al-A’mash reported from Mujahid, from ubayd bin Umayr Every day he (Allah) is engaged in some affair. Al-A'mash said that . a) He answers the supplicant. b) gives to the one requesting. c) removes adversity. d) curse one seeking to be cured. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:30) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-7 Allah is immortal and sustainer.
  66. 66. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take away message.
  67. 67. .31ُِّ‫غ‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬َ‫س‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َِّ‫ه‬‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِِّ‫ن‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ق‬َّ‫ث‬‫ال‬ .32ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .33‫ا‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫َر‬‫ش‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ن‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫ع‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬َِِّّۚ‫َل‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ِِّ‫ب‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ .34ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .35ُِّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫اظ‬َ‫ُو‬‫ش‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ار‬َ‫ن‬ِّ‫اس‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫ص‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ .36ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ Section-8 The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. The verses(31-36) warn mankind and the Jinn about Allah’s accountability on the day of Judgement.
  68. 68. ُِّ‫غ‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬َ‫س‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َِّ‫ه‬‫ي‬َ‫أ‬‫ن‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ق‬َّ‫ث‬‫ال‬ 55:31) We will soon attend to you ˹for judgment˺, O two multitudes ˹of jinn and humans˺! ● Ibn Jurayj said that the ayah ُِّ‫غ‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬َ‫س‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬ means “ we shall judge you” ● The word “ َِّ‫ه‬‫ي‬َ‫أ‬‫ن‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ق‬َّ‫ث‬‫ال‬ ” refers to humans and jinns. ● The verse is directed to the disbelievers of men and jinn and they are being warned about the accountability on the day of judgement. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:32) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-8 The warning and accountability of men & Jinns.
  69. 69. ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫َر‬‫ش‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ن‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ُِّ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬‫وا‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ِّۚ َِّ‫َل‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ 55:33) O assembly of jinn and humans! If you can penetrate beyond the realms of the heavens and the earth, then do so. ˹But˺ you cannot do that without ˹Our˺ authority. Section-8 The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬ Zones ‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ Pass beyond َِّ‫َل‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ No pass ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ By authority
  70. 70. ● Allah(swt) challenges the jinn and man! If you are able to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass beyond them. ● But you can't do that because you will be surrounded by the angels in every direction and none of the creatures will be able to escape on that day except those with the permission of Allah. “ َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ ”. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:34) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-8 The warning and accountability of men & Jinns.
  71. 71. ُِّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫اظ‬َ‫ُو‬‫ش‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ار‬َ‫ن‬ِّ‫اس‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ص‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ر‬ 55:35) Flames of fire and ˹molten˺ copper will be sent against you, and you will not be able to defend one another. ● These two things (Fire and the molten copper), one after the other, will be let loose upon the men and jinn when they try to escape the accountability of Allah. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:36) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-8 The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. ِّ‫اظ‬َ‫ُو‬‫ش‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ار‬َ‫ن‬ Flame of fire ‫اس‬َ‫ح‬ُ‫ن‬ Smoke
  72. 72. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  73. 73. ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ت‬َّ‫ق‬َ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِّْ‫ت‬َ‫ن‬‫َا‬‫ك‬َ‫ف‬ًِّ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫َالد‬‫ك‬ 55:37) ˹How horrible will it be˺ when the heavens will split apart, becoming rose-red like ˹burnt˺ oil! ● The verse refers to the extent of the horror of the day of judgement when the sky will split apart and its blue roof will appear like burnt oil. Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. ِِّ‫ت‬َّ‫ق‬َ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ Split ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫َالد‬‫ك‬ Like dark oil ًِّ‫ة‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ Rose red
  74. 74. (similarly in the other surah of the Quran) Allah says about sky ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ُِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِّْ‫ت‬َّ‫ق‬َ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ 84:1)When heaven will split asunder. ِِّ‫ت‬َّ‫ق‬َ‫ش‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬َِّ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬َ‫ف‬ِّ‫ذ‬ِ‫ئ‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ 69:16)heaven shall split asunder, and the day shall seem flimsy. َِّ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ق‬َّ‫ق‬َ‫ش‬َ‫ت‬ُِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫م‬َ‫غ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬َِّ‫ل‬ ِ‫ز‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫َة‬‫ك‬ِ‫ئ‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ًِّ‫يَل‬ ِ‫ز‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬ 25:25)On that Day when the heavens shall burst asunder with clouds and the angels will be sent down ranks after ranks. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:38) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment.
  75. 75. ِّ‫ذ‬ِ‫ئ‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬َِّ‫َل‬ُِّ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ي‬ِّْ‫َن‬‫ع‬ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ذ‬ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ 55:39) On that Day there will be no need for any human or jinn to be asked about their sins. Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. َِّ‫َل‬ُِّ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ي‬ Will not be asked ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ذ‬ His sin ِّْ‫َن‬‫ع‬ About ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ Any man َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ And not ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ Any jinn
  76. 76. ● There will be various stages of the court of judgment. They will be questioned at some times and they will not be questioned at other times on the day of judgment. ● Qatadah(rta) says that the previous verse refers to a stage after disbeliever have been questioned about their sins, but they will have refused under oath. ● Then their mouth and tongue will be sealed and their hands and feet will be asked to bear witness at that stage and no more question will be asked from them. ● This event will take place when people will have been given account of their deeds, and judgment will have been passed against the criminal to go to hell on the day of judgment. Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment.
  77. 77. (Similarly in the other surah of the Quran) Allah(swt) says about Man’s Condition on that day ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ََٰ‫ه‬ُِّ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫َل‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ق‬ِ‫ط‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ي‬ 77:35)On that Day, they shall not be able to speak, َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ن‬َ‫ذ‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬‫ون‬ُ‫ِر‬‫ذ‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ 77:36)nor be given permission to offer their excuses. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:40) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment.
  78. 78. ُِّ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ع‬ُ‫ي‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ُِّ‫ذ‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫و‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ِِّ‫َام‬‫د‬ْ‫ق‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ 55:41) The wicked will be recognized by their appearance, then will be seized by ˹their˺ forelocks and feet. ُِّ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ع‬ُ‫ي‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬…….. ● The title of the disbeliever chosen is “ ‫”مجرم‬ which means criminal. This is because he has committed the greatest crime - which is the crime against Allah. ● No evidence will be needed to convict a criminal as they will be recognized by their marks. Al Hassan and Qatadah(rta) said: “They will be known by their dark faces and blue eyes”. Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ The criminal ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ By their mark
  79. 79. …….ُِّ‫ذ‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬‫ي‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫و‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ِِّ‫َام‬‫د‬ْ‫ق‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬41. ● The verses implies that: ● The angels of punishment will bend their heads down to their feet and throw them into the hellfire. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:42) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. ‫ي‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫و‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ Forehead ‫َام‬‫د‬ْ‫ق‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ Feet
  80. 80. ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ذ‬ََٰ‫ه‬ُِّ‫م‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ج‬‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ِب‬‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:43) ˹They will be told,˺ “This is the Hell which the wicked denied.” َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ف‬‫و‬ُ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫يم‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ِّ‫آن‬ 55:44) They will alternate between its flames and scalding water. The verses(43-44) depict the extreme punishment handed out to the criminals in Hell. Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment.
  81. 81. 43. ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ذ‬ََٰ‫ه‬ُِّ‫م‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ج‬‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ِب‬‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ • The verse is in response to the mockery of the disbelievers, who denied the existence of the hell. • Allah(swt) answers them in a similar sarcastic way: • “This is hell, now you see it, before your eyes, do you still deny it.” ● This implies what Allah says: “had you believed in it, you would not be here.” Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. ُِّ‫ِب‬‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ي‬ Deny َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ The criminals
  82. 82. (similarly in the other surah of the Quran) ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ذ‬ََٰ‫ه‬ُِّ‫م‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ج‬‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬َِّ‫ُون‬‫د‬َ‫ع‬‫و‬ُ‫ت‬ 36:63)This is hell, of which you were repeatedly warned. 44. َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ف‬‫و‬ُ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫يم‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ِّ‫آن‬ Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ف‬‫و‬ُ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ They will go around ِّ‫آن‬ Hot ِّ‫يم‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ Boiling water
  83. 83. ● The criminal will be running back and forth between fire and water. ● This punishment is reserved for those who outright rejected Allah and his messenger. ● The sinners of Muslims (those who believe in Allah and his messenger) shall be spared from the sight and sound of hell. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:45) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment.
  84. 84. Section-9 The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. ANGEL WILL RECOGNIZE CULPRITS FROM THEIR DARK FACES AND BLUE EYES THE CRIMINAL WILL BE TOLD BEFORE THROWING INTO HELL THAT THIS IS WHAT YOU DENIED AND NOW YOU SEE Bend head down to the feet and throw them into the hell Fire Boiling Water PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIMINALS
  85. 85. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  86. 86. .46ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫اف‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ .47ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .48‫ا‬َ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َ‫ذ‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ .49ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .50‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫ت‬ .51ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .52‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ز‬ .53ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .54َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ش‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ب‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ِّ‫ق‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ِّۚ‫ى‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َِّ‫د‬ِّ‫ان‬ .55ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .56َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫ق‬ِِّ‫ف‬ْ‫ر‬َّ‫ط‬‫ال‬ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ِِّ‫إ‬ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  87. 87. .57ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .58َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫َأ‬‫ك‬ُِّ‫وت‬ُ‫ق‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ .59ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .60ِّْ‫ل‬َ‫ه‬ُِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬َ‫ج‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬ِْ‫اْل‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬ِْ‫اْل‬ .61ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers The verses(46-61) mention the details of the reward for the foremost in faith(the near ones to God) “‫”المقربون‬ will receive in the hereafter.
  88. 88. ● And the subsequent verses (62-78) portray the details of the reward the “people of right hand” “ ‫أصحاب‬‫اليمين‬ ”. ● The difference of status between both these groups is mentioned in the next surah: Surah Al-Waqiah which forms a pair with surah Ar Rahman. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  89. 89. Two Gardens: ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫اف‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ 55:46) And whoever is in awe of standing before their Lord will have two Gardens. ‫ام‬َ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ Standing َِّ‫اف‬َ‫خ‬ Fear Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  90. 90. ● The verses speak of two gardens that are exclusively reserved for those who are fearful of having to stand before their lord. ● This is the characteristic of the righteous believers who are concerned at all times about the accountability on the day of judgment. As a result, they stay away from all sorts of sins under any circumstance. ● They don’t follow their whims and fancies and follow Allah’s order. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  91. 91. (Similarly In the other surah of the Quran) Allah(swt) says about who fear Allah ‫ا‬َّ‫م‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬َِّ‫اف‬َ‫خ‬َِّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ى‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫س‬ْ‫ف‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ِِّ‫َن‬‫ع‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫و‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 79:40)But he who had feared standing before his Rabb and curbed his evil desires. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:47) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  92. 92. Trees With Extended Branches: ‫ا‬َ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َ‫ذ‬‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ 55:48) ˹Both will be˺ with lush branches. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:49) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ Extending branches ‫ا‬َ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َ‫ذ‬ Gardens having Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  93. 93. ● The verse describes the first two gardens. ● There will be plenty of trees and each tree will have branches in abundance. Their shade will be dense and fruits will be plenty. ● This is the expression of the luxuriance and lushness of the two gardens. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:49) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  94. 94. Flowing Springs: ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫ت‬ 55:50) In each ˹Garden˺ will be two flowing springs. ● In both gardens, there will be two springs flowing free for the trees that produce all kinds of fruits. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:51) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ Flowing ‫ا‬َ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬َ‫ذ‬ Two springs ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ In both of them
  95. 95. All kinds of fruits: ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ز‬ 55:52) In each will be two types of every fruit. ● The word “ ِِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ” means all fruits will be of two types. ● The two kinds of fruits are those they are familiar with, and others they have not seen before. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:53) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ز‬ Two Kinds ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ Fruits
  96. 96. Sitting on Couches: َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ش‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ب‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ق‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ِّۚ‫ى‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬ِّ‫َان‬‫د‬ 55:54) Those ˹believers˺ will recline on furnishings lined with rich brocade. And the fruit of both Gardens will hang within reach. َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ش‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ب‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِّ‫ق‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬…… ● These companions of paradise will recline against cushions on couches lined with thick silk brocade on the inside. ● One can only imagine the outer lining of the cushions which are internally lined with thick silk brocade. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers ِّ‫ق‬َ‫ْر‬‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫إ‬ Brocade َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ Reclining ِّ‫ش‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ف‬ Couches ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ب‬ Inner Linings ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ Are of
  97. 97. …….‫ى‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫َان‬‫د‬54. ● The fruits of two gardens will be near at hand. ● The resident of paradise don’t need to stand up to pluck the fruits, whenever they wish to eat, it swings toward them. ● They can eat in reclining condition or otherwise. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers ‫ى‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ The fruit ِِّ‫ْن‬‫ي‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Of both gardens ‫َان‬‫د‬ Near
  98. 98. (Similarly in the other Surah of the Quran) Allah says about the Fruits ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ف‬‫و‬ُ‫ط‬ُ‫ق‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫َا‬‫د‬ 69:23)with clusters of fruit within his reach. ًِّ‫ة‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫َا‬‫د‬َ‫و‬ِّْ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬ِ‫ظ‬ِّْ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬ُ‫ذ‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُ‫ف‬‫و‬ُ‫ط‬ُ‫ق‬ًِّ‫يَل‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ذ‬َ‫ت‬ 76:14)The trees of paradise will spread their shade around them, and their fruits will hang in clusters within their easy reach. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:55) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  99. 99. Beautiful Women َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫ق‬ِِّ‫ف‬ْ‫ر‬َّ‫ط‬‫ال‬ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ج‬ِّ‫ان‬ 55:56) In both ˹Gardens˺ will be maidens of modest gaze, who no human or jinn has ever touched before. َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫ق‬ِِّ‫ف‬ْ‫ر‬َّ‫ط‬‫ال‬……… ● Allah (swt) while making mention of the women of paradise, has praised their modesty and chastity over their beauty and physical charms. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ In Them ُِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ ِ‫اص‬َ‫ق‬ Restraining glance ِِّ‫ف‬ْ‫ر‬َّ‫ط‬‫ال‬ Wives their
  100. 100. ………ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬56. ● They are delightful virgins who never had intimacy with anyone else - including any human or jinn. ● The verse indicate that the righteous jinn will also enter paradise like the righteous man. ● In paradise there will be women of both the jinn and human species; they all will be modest and virgin. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:57) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  101. 101. َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫َأ‬‫ك‬ُِّ‫وت‬ُ‫ق‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ 55:58) Those ˹maidens˺ will be ˹as elegant˺ as rubies and coral. ● Mujahid,Al-Hassan, Ibn Ziad said “They are as pure as rubies and white as “ ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬”. So here they described “ ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬”as pearl. ● The comparison of the women of paradise with rubies and coral is to emphasize their beauty and chastity. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:59) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ك‬ As if they are ُِّ‫وت‬ُ‫ق‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ Rubles ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ Cora or pearl
  102. 102. ِّْ‫ل‬َ‫ه‬ُِّ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬َ‫ج‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬ِْ‫اْل‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ُِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬ِْ‫اْل‬ 55:60) Is there any reward for goodness except goodness? ● The word ِِّ‫إ‬‫ان‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬ is used for piety (goodness) and for the reward of goodness. ● What else should be the reward for performing good deed in this life except blessing and favours (goodness) in the life hereafter? ● Allah(swt) declares that in the hereafter all the blessings, favours and bounties are reserved for those who do good deeds in this life. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  103. 103. (Similarly in the other Surah of the Quran) Allah says About Reward َِّ‫ِين‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّ‫َة‬‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ِّۚ 10:26)Those who do good deeds shall have a good reward and even more than they deserve! ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:61) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers
  104. 104. Section-10 The Reward of the foremost Believers REWARD OF THE FOREMOST BELIEVERS Extended branches Two springs Flowing Two kinds of every fruit Gold Crusted Couches Virgins modest like pearl and rubles Trees Flowing Springs Fruits Couches Maiden Two Garden
  105. 105. ● Jannat Al-Firdaws.[the gardens of paradise] { Surah ‫}701:81الكهف‬ ● Jannatun-Na’eem.[The gardens of pleasure] { Surah ‫}9:01يونس‬ ● Jannat Adn.[The gardens of perpetual residence] { Surah ‫}27:9التوبة‬ ● Jannatul-Khuld.[The garden of eternity] { Surah ‫}51:52الفرقان‬ ● Dar-us-salam.[The Home of peace] { Surah ‫}721:6الفلم‬ ● Dar-ul-Muttaqeen.[The Home of righteous ] { Surah ‫}03:61النخل‬ ● Dar-ul-Muqawamah.[The Home of duration ] { Surah ‫}53:53فاطر‬ ● Dar-ul-Qaraar.[The Home of permanent settlement ] { Surah ‫}93:04غافر‬ ● Al-Husnaa.[The best reward] { Surah ‫}62:01يونس‬ ● Al-Ghurfah.[The chamber] { Surah ‫}57:52الفرقان‬ Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. Names of Paradise in the Quran
  106. 106. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  107. 107. .62ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ن‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ .63ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .64ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫م‬ .65ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .66‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َ‫خ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ض‬َ‫ن‬ .67ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .68‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ن‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َّ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ .69ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .70َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫خ‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ح‬ Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  108. 108. .71ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .72ِّ‫ور‬ُ‫ح‬ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ور‬ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫خ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ .73ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .74ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ .75ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .76َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ِّ‫ر‬ْ‫ض‬ُ‫خ‬ِّ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ح‬ .77ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ .78َِّ‫ك‬َ‫ار‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ُِّ‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ِي‬‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  109. 109. The verses(62-78) mention the reward that the “people of right hand” will receive in the hereafter. Hadith States that: • “There are two gardens made of Gold, their vessels and all they contain and there are two gardens made of silver, their vessel and all they contain.” • The first two gardens are for the “ ‫”المقربون‬ near believers. • And the latter two gardens are for those on the right “ ‫أصحاب‬‫اليمين‬ ”. Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  110. 110. Two Gardens: ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ن‬‫ُو‬‫د‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ 55:62) And below these two ˹Gardens˺ will be two others. The verse implies that: ● And below these two, there are two other gardens, which are reserved for the people of right (who are lesser in rank than ‫)المقربون‬ ● There are several proofs that the two gardens reserved for the“‫”المقربون‬ - those close to Allah - are better than the gardens for the “people of the right hand”. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:63) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  111. 111. ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫م‬ 55:64) Both will be dark green. ● This is the smallest verse that is a full sentence in the Quran. ● The verse implies that the two gardens have become dark green because of extensive water irrigation. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:65) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫م‬ Dark Green
  112. 112. Two Gushing Springs ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َ‫خ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ض‬َ‫ن‬ 55:66)"In each will be two gushing springs. ● The free flowing water is stronger than gushing springs. ● Sayyidna Bara Ibn Azib(rta) said: ● “The two springs that are flowing freely “ ‫”تجريان‬ in the first two gardens for al-muqarrabin, are better than the two other springs that are mentioned as gushing forth “ ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َ‫خ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ض‬َ‫ن‬” in the second two gardens.” ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:67) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َ‫خ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ض‬َ‫ن‬ Gushing forth ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ In both of them ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ Two springs
  113. 113. Fruits ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ن‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َّ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ 55:68) In both will be fruit, palm trees, and pomegranates ● The verse highlights two specific kinds of fruits: date-palm and pomegranate. ● “ ِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ن‬ِّ‫ان‬َّ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫و‬ ” Both these are cherished fruits of Arabia. ● They will only have one kind of fruit unlike the Muqarrabeen. There is limited options for the people of right hand, compared to the foremost believers, who will have different varieties and species. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:69) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ‫ان‬َّ‫م‬ُ‫ر‬ Pomegranates ِّ‫ة‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ Fruits ِّ‫ل‬ْ‫خ‬َ‫ن‬ Date-palms
  114. 114. Women of paradise: َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫خ‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ح‬ 55:70) In all Gardens will be noble, pleasant mates. Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ح‬ Beautiful َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬ In each of them ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ْر‬‫ي‬َ‫خ‬ Chaste
  115. 115. ● The word “ َِّّ‫ن‬ِ‫يه‬ِ‫ف‬” is used again instead of “ ‫”فيهما‬ because of its connotation of privacy. ● Al-Huris are righteous, well mannered and beautiful women. ● There is Hadith saying that Al-Hur Al-Ayn will sing, ‫نحن‬‫الخيرات‬‫الحسان‬‫خلقنا‬‫ْلزواج‬‫كرام‬ ● “We are all Al-Khayrat Al-Hisan, we were created for honorable husbands.” ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:71) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  116. 116. ِّ‫ور‬ُ‫ح‬ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ور‬ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫خ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ 55:72) ˹They will be˺ maidens with gorgeous eyes, reserved in pavilions. ● Living in tents was something very cherished in Arabia. ● These Huris have been kept aside into “Khiyaam” i.e tents. ● The expression has a special tinge of Arab taste in it. Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ي‬ ِ‫خ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ Tents ِّ‫ور‬ُ‫ح‬ Fair Ones ِّ‫ات‬َ‫ور‬ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ guarded
  117. 117. Al-Bukhari recorded that Abdullah Bin says Said that the Messenger Allah said: verily in paradise, the believer will have a tent from a hollow pearl, the width thereof is sixty miles. In each corner of it there are wives for the believer that do not see the other wives, and the believers will visit them all. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:73) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  118. 118. ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ 55:74) No human or jinn has ever touched these ˹maidens˺ before. Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬ Before them َِّّ‫ن‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ث‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ط‬َ‫ي‬ Has touched them ِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ Any man ِّْ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ Not ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ج‬ Any Jinn
  119. 119. ● These Huris are delightful virgins, who never had intimacy with either man and jinn. ● This is a proof that believers among jinns will enter paradise. Arat bin Al-Mundhir said: ● “Damarah bin habib was asked if the jinns will enter paradise and he said: yes they will get married.” ○ The jinns will have jinn women. ○ And the human will have female human.” ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:75) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  120. 120. َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ِّ‫ر‬ْ‫ض‬ُ‫خ‬ِّ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ح‬ 55:76) All ˹believers˺ will be reclining on green cushions and splendid carpets. ● They shall be reclining on green cushions and beautiful carpets. ● The word “ِّ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬” is used for rare, expensive and beautiful carpets. ِِّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫ء‬ َ‫آَل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ِِّ‫ان‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫َذ‬‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ 55:77) Then which of your Lord’s favours will you both deny? Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. ِّ‫ي‬ ِ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ Carpet ِّ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ Cushions ِّ‫ر‬ْ‫ض‬ُ‫خ‬ Green َِّ‫ين‬ِ‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ Reclining ِّ‫ان‬َ‫س‬ ِ‫ح‬ Beautiful
  121. 121. Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand. Reward of the people of right hand Two Gardens Dates Pomegranate Two Springs Bubbling Dark Green Green Cushions Virgin and Beautiful Tree Gushing Springs Fruits Cushions Maiden
  122. 122. َِّ‫ك‬َ‫ار‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ُِّ‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ِي‬‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ 55:78) Blessed is the Name of your Lord, full of Majesty and Honour. • Allah states that he is worthy of being honored, obeyed, revered thus worshipped and remembered. ● The word “ ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬” come from the root word ( ‫ج‬‫ل‬‫ل‬ ) it means might and honor. In this ayah Allah says your Rabb is ( ‫ِي‬‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ) the owner of Majesty. ● The word “ ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫”اْل‬ come from the root word ( ‫ك‬‫ر‬‫م‬ ) - it means generous, or one who gives abundantly. ● The word “ ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬” is used twice in the Quran both of them come in this surah as follows: َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬(55:27) َِّ‫ك‬َ‫ار‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ُِّ‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫ِي‬‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬(55:78) Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  123. 123. Hadith: Aisha(rta) said, recorded by Muslim, when the messenger of Allah would say the salam (completing prayer), he would sit as long as it takes him to say; َِّّ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫الل‬َِّ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ُِّ‫م‬ َ‫َل‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬َِّ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫م‬ َ‫َل‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬،َِّ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬َ‫ار‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ل‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ Section-11 The reward of the people of right hand.
  124. 124. Table of Contents 1. About Surah Ar-Rahman. 2. Allah (swt) blessings and favours. 3. Allah(swt) signs in the heaven and the earth. 4. The creation of humans and jinns. 5. Allah(swt) is the lord of east and west. 6. Allah(swt) created seas and rivers. 7. Allah is immortal and sustainer. 8. The warning and accountability of men & Jinns. 9. The punishment of criminals the day of judgment. 10. The reward of the foremost believers. 11. The reward of the people of right hand. 12. Ayah for Tadabbur. 13. Take Away message.
  125. 125. Establish Justice and fairness on the Earth: .9‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ن‬ْ‫ز‬َ‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ط‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ب‬َِّ‫َل‬َ‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫ت‬َِّ‫ان‬َ‫يز‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ • We should strictly adhere to the system of justice and fairness the Quran is inviting us towards. • We shouldn’t cheat in weight and measure. Death is a certainty and Allah is immortal: .26ِّ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ف‬ .27َِّٰ‫ى‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ُِّ‫ه‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ك‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬‫و‬ُ‫ذ‬ِِّ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫ام‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ • Death is a certainty and Allah(swt) is immortal. The pang of death is a serious matter that everyone will have to go through it. Therefore we should prepare for it. Section-12 Ayah for Tadabbur.
  126. 126. Accountability of man and Jinn is certain: .31ُِّ‫غ‬ُ‫ر‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ن‬َ‫س‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َِّ‫ه‬‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ِِّ‫ن‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ق‬َّ‫ث‬‫ال‬ .32‫ا‬َ‫ي‬َِّ‫َر‬‫ش‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ِِّ‫ن‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِِّ‫س‬ْ‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ِِّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ِّْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ِّْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِِّ‫ار‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫أ‬ِِّ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ِِّ‫ض‬ْ‫ر‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬‫وا‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬َِِّّۚ‫َل‬ َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫ذ‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ت‬َِّّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ِّ‫ان‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ • Allah will call us to account on the day of judgment. • No man or Jinn will be able to escape from the reckoning, therefore we must act now to be counted among those who will receive Allah’s blessing not his wrath. Punishment and reward is also certain. .41ُِّ‫ف‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ع‬ُ‫ي‬َِّ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ِّْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ُِّ‫ذ‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ِِّ‫اص‬َ‫و‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬‫ي‬ِِّ‫َام‬‫د‬ْ‫ق‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ • The sinners will be recognize by their faces as they will have dark faces and blue eyes and they will be thrown into the hell (forehead bend down to feet). Section-12 Ayah for Tadabbur.

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A detailed overview of Surah Ar Rahman - the 55th Surah of Al Quran.

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