By : Malyn C. Singson
Definition of Learning
Definition of Theories
Importance of Learning Theories to educators
Six (6) main theories of learning process
• Social Learning
• Social Constructivism
• Multiple Intelligence
• Brain-based learning
Kinds of students’ learning
The Cone of Learning
the acquisition of knowledge or skills through
experience, study, or by being taught.
The process of gaining knowledge.
acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing
existing knowledge, behavior, skills, values or
preferences and may involve synthesizing
different types of information.
Is a system of ideas intended to explain
something, such as a single or collection
of facts, events of phenomena.
a general explanation for observation made
Explains and predicts behavior.
- Are the conceptual framework that
described how information is
absorbed, process and retaining during
Kinds of Students’ Learning
1. Passive – is a learning in which
student sits in the classroom and
listen to teacher lecture about the
2. Active – is a learning that
actively involves the students thru
questions, discussion, interaction
and debating the subject matter.
The Cone of Learning
10% of what they read
20% of what they hear
30% of what they see
50% of what they see and
70% of what they say
90% of what they
Students generally remember
Students are able to …
Importance of Learning to
To know the nature and relationship between teachers and students.
Used as tools for
the purpose and
Help teachers to avoid seeking toolkit approach of wanting
simple answers to complex problems.
Theories and practices helps educators to understand the reason
for their actions and foundations for re-evaluating them.
To know what
is the real problem
and be aware of it.
Six (6) Learning Theories
Social Learning Theory
Theory of Learning
“Teachers must learn
how to teach…
they need only to be
taught more effective
ways of teaching.”
(Ivan Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning
B. F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning)
Behaviorism is a learning theory, is based on a
change in knowledge through controlled
stimulus/response conditioning. It is observable and
Learning is a result of environmental factors.
- The learner needs reinforcements to keep interest.
Learner is dependent upon instructor for acquisition
(Jean Piaget Theory)
It focuses on the inner mental
activities – opening the “black box”
of the human mind is valuable and
necessary for understanding how
people learn. Knowledge can be seen as
schema or symbolic mental constructions.
Learning is defined as change in a learner’s
means through interaction and self cognition
development to acquire knowledge, and concern what
learner know and how to use efficiency way to
- Is theory added a social element, arguing that people
can learn new information and behaviors by watching
other people or through environmental influences.
(A. Bandura’s Theory)
Conditions for effective modeling:
1.Attention – watching behavior occur
2.Retention – recalling of what was
3.Reproduction – replicating behaviors
4.Motivation – influencing someone to
(Led S. Vygotsky Theory)
is a theory of knowledge in
sociology and communication
that examines the development
of jointly understanding of the
world. The level of potential
developments is the level at
which learning takes place.
The level of ACTUAL development is the
LEVEL of development that the learners has
already reached and is the level at which
learner is capable of solving problems
(Howard Gardner Theory)
is a theory of intelligence
that differentiates it into
specific (Primary sensory)
“modalities” rather than
seeing intelligence as
dominated by single general
Each individual possess unique blend
of all intelligence.
The theory of multiple intelligence
should “empower learners” not restrict
them to one modality of learners.
Eight (8) types of
Musical/rhythmic – ability to produce rhythm, appreciate pitch
Visual/Spatial – capacity to think images and pictures.
Verbal/Linguistic – sensitivity to the sounds and meaning of words
Logical/Mathematical – ability to think conceptually and
Bodily kinesthetic – ability to handle object skillfully and control
Interpersonal – capacity to respond appropriately to others.
Intrapersonal – capacity to self-aware and in tune inner feelings.
Naturalistic – ability to recognize objects, plants in nature.
is a theory based on the
structure and function of the
human brain. It constantly
accessing information and
interpreting its environment
and continuously interacting
with its surrounding to learn
and how to function
Each brain is unique because it process
information in ways that makes sense to
the one brain may not make sense to