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Learning Process Theories

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Learning Process Theories

  1. 1. Learning Process Theories By : Malyn C. Singson MaEd GS740
  2. 2. Topics  Definition of Learning  Definition of Theories  Importance of Learning Theories to educators  Six (6) main theories of learning process • Behaviorism • Cognitivism • Social Learning • Social Constructivism • Multiple Intelligence • Brain-based learning  Kinds of students’ learning  The Cone of Learning
  3. 3. 3 Learning  the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, study, or by being taught.  The process of gaining knowledge.  acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behavior, skills, values or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information.
  4. 4. 4 Theories  Is a system of ideas intended to explain something, such as a single or collection of facts, events of phenomena.  a general explanation for observation made overtime.  Explains and predicts behavior.
  5. 5. 5 Learning Theories - Are the conceptual framework that described how information is absorbed, process and retaining during learning.
  6. 6. 6 Kinds of Students’ Learning 1. Passive – is a learning in which student sits in the classroom and listen to teacher lecture about the subject. 2. Active – is a learning that actively involves the students thru questions, discussion, interaction and debating the subject matter.
  7. 7. 7 The Cone of Learning PASSIVE LEARNING ACTIVE LEARNING 10% of what they read 20% of what they hear 30% of what they see 50% of what they see and hear 70% of what they say and write 90% of what they do Learning Activities: Students generally remember Learning Outcomes: Students are able to … Analyze Create Define Evaluate Demonstrate Apply Practice Define Describe List Explain
  8. 8. Importance of Learning to Educators  To know the nature and relationship between teachers and students.  Used as tools for the purpose and method assessment.  Help teachers to avoid seeking toolkit approach of wanting simple answers to complex problems.  Useful in analyzing teaching practices.  Theories and practices helps educators to understand the reason for their actions and foundations for re-evaluating them.  To know what is the real problem and be aware of it.
  9. 9. 9 Six (6) Learning Theories Behaviorism Cognitivism Social Learning Theory Social Constructivism Multiple Intelligence Brain-based Learning
  10. 10. 10 Behaviorism Theory of Learning “Teachers must learn how to teach… they need only to be taught more effective ways of teaching.” B.F.Skinner
  11. 11. 11 Behaviorism (Ivan Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning B. F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning)  Behaviorism is a learning theory, is based on a change in knowledge through controlled stimulus/response conditioning. It is observable and measurable behavior.  Learning is a result of environmental factors. - The learner needs reinforcements to keep interest. Learner is dependent upon instructor for acquisition of knowledge.
  12. 12. 12 Cognitivism (Jean Piaget Theory)  It focuses on the inner mental activities – opening the “black box” of the human mind is valuable and necessary for understanding how people learn. Knowledge can be seen as schema or symbolic mental constructions. Learning is defined as change in a learner’s schemata.  means through interaction and self cognition development to acquire knowledge, and concern what learner know and how to use efficiency way to processing information.
  13. 13. - Is theory added a social element, arguing that people can learn new information and behaviors by watching other people or through environmental influences. Social Learning (A. Bandura’s Theory)  Conditions for effective modeling: 1.Attention – watching behavior occur 2.Retention – recalling of what was observed 3.Reproduction – replicating behaviors 4.Motivation – influencing someone to do something
  14. 14. 14 Social Constructivism (Led S. Vygotsky Theory)  is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication that examines the development of jointly understanding of the world. The level of potential developments is the level at which learning takes place.  The level of ACTUAL development is the LEVEL of development that the learners has already reached and is the level at which learner is capable of solving problems independently.
  15. 15. 15 Multiple Intelligences (Howard Gardner Theory)  is a theory of intelligence that differentiates it into specific (Primary sensory) “modalities” rather than seeing intelligence as dominated by single general ability.  Each individual possess unique blend of all intelligence.  The theory of multiple intelligence should “empower learners” not restrict them to one modality of learners.
  16. 16. 16 Eight (8) types of Multiple Intelligences  Musical/rhythmic – ability to produce rhythm, appreciate pitch and timber.  Visual/Spatial – capacity to think images and pictures.  Verbal/Linguistic – sensitivity to the sounds and meaning of words  Logical/Mathematical – ability to think conceptually and discern patterns.  Bodily kinesthetic – ability to handle object skillfully and control body movements.  Interpersonal – capacity to respond appropriately to others.  Intrapersonal – capacity to self-aware and in tune inner feelings.  Naturalistic – ability to recognize objects, plants in nature.
  17. 17. 17 Brain-based Learning  is a theory based on the structure and function of the human brain. It constantly accessing information and interpreting its environment and continuously interacting with its surrounding to learn and how to function appropriately.  Each brain is unique because it process information in ways that makes sense to the one brain may not make sense to another.
  18. 18. 18 Brain-based learning encompasses educational concepts:
  19. 19. 19

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