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Greek and Roman Architecture

A small power point project about ancient Greek and Roman architecture, for college, at Culturology.

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Greek and Roman Architecture

  1. 1. The Ancient Greek and Roman Architecture
  2. 2. Greek orders 1. Doric order 2. Ionic order 3. Corinthian order Roman orders 1. Tuscan order 2. Composite order
  3. 3. Construction started in 449 BC, and some scholars believe the building not to have been completed for some three decades, funds and workers having been redirected towards the Parthenon. The western frieze was completed between 445-440 BC, while the eastern frieze, the western pediment and several changes in the building's interior are dated by these scholars to 435-430 BC, largely on stylistic grounds. It was only during the Peace of Nicias (421-415 BC) that the roof was completed and the cult images were installed. The temple was officially inaugurated in 416-415 BC. Temple of Hephaestus DORICORDER
  4. 4. The Erechtheion – 570 BC
  5. 5. The Parthenon – 447 BC - 432 BC A temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron deity. After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.
  6. 6. The Parthenon in Nashville, Tennessee, USA is a full scale and polychromed replica of the original Greek Parthenon.
  7. 7. Temple of Aphaea – 500 BC
  8. 8. Delphi Apollo's sacred precinct in Delphi was a panhellenic sanctuary, where every four years, starting in 586 BC athletes from all over the Greek world competed in the Pythian Games, one of the four panhellenic (or stephanitic) games, precursors of the Modern Olympics. The victors at Delphi were presented with a laurel crown (stephanos) which was ceremonially cut from a tree by a boy who re-enacted the slaying of the Python.
  9. 9. Temple of Olympian Zeus
  10. 10. Roman orders 1. Tuscan order 2. Composite order
  11. 11. Triumphal arches Arch of Titus – 82 AD
  12. 12. Arch of Constantine – 315 AD
  13. 13. The Alcántara Bridge (also known as Puente Trajan at Alcantara) is a Roman stone arch bridge built over the Tagus River at Alcantara, Spain between 104 and 106 AD by an order of the Roman Emperor Trajan in 98.
  14. 14. Aqueduct of Segovia
  15. 15. Pont du Gard
  16. 16. Roman theatre at Palmyra
  17. 17. Colosseum – 80 AD
  18. 18. Roman Forum The Roman Forum is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the centre of the city of Rome. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this space, originally a marketplace, as the Forum Magnum, or simply the Forum.
  19. 19. The Pantheon – 126 AD
  20. 20. The Pantheon (temple consecratedto all gods) is a building in Rome, Italy, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus as a temple to all the gods of ancient Rome, and rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian about 126 AD.
  21. 21. Trajan's Column (Italian: Colonna Traiana) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. It is located in Trajan's Forum, built near the Quirinal Hill, north of the Roman Forum. Completed in AD 113, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically describes the epic wars between the Romans and Dacians (101–102 and 105–106). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.