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Agriculture in india

Agriculture in India
India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples. India is currently the world's second largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables.
Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Over 70 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture. Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy as it contributes about 17% to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60% of the population

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Agriculture in india

  1. 1. BACKBONE OF OUR COUNTRY Agriculture in India
  2. 2. Definition of Agriculture The Science of Cultivating Farming Age Old economic activity in our country Raising of animals or the growing of crops to obtain food. The Set of Activities that transform for the production of Animals and Plants for Human Use.
  3. 3. History of Agriculture
  4. 4. Types of Farming 1. Simple Subsistence Farming • Practised on small patches of land • Farming depends on monsoon, soil and environmental conditions. • Slash and burn method • Shifting Agriculture
  5. 5. 2. Intensive Farming 1. Farming • Labour intensive Farming • High doses of Biochemical inputs and irrigation • Higher Production
  6. 6. 2. Commercial Farming High doses of Modern inputs like Chemical Fertilisers, Insecticides and Pesticides Rice is a Commercial Crop in Haryana and Punjab In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc., are
  7. 7. Cropping Seasons  Rabi Season 1. Sown in Winter October to December 2. Important Rabi Crops Wheat, Barley, Peas, Gram and Mustard. 3. Harvested in Summer from
  8. 8. 2. Kharif Season  Harvested in September – October  Important Crops Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Red gram, green gram, black gram, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soyabean.
  9. 9. 3. Zaid Season  Summer Months  Between Rabi and Kharif seasons  Some Important crops Watermelon, Muskmelon, Cucumber, Vegetables and
  10. 10. Major Crops 1. Paddy  India is 2nd largest producer in the world  Temperature(>25° C)  High Humidity  Rainfall above 100cm
  11. 11. 2. Wheat  Cereal Crop  Rabi Crop  Rainfall(50 to 75cm)  Wheat Producing states are Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, Rajasthan, parts of Madhya Pradesh
  12. 12. 3.Maize  Temperature (21°C to 27°C)  Grows well in Old alluvial soil  Karnataka, UP, Bihar, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh maize producing states.
  13. 13. Non Food Crops 1. Rubber  Rainfall (above 200cm)  Temperature (25°C)  Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Garo
  14. 14. 2. Fibre Crops  Cotton, Jute and Natural Silk are 3 major fibre crops.  Cotton, Jute grown in Soil  Silk from cocoons of silkworms.
  15. 15. Horticulture Crops  Mangoes (Maharashtra, Telangana, AndhraPradesh, UP and West Bengal)  Oranges (Nagpur, Cherrapunjee (Meghalaya))
  16. 16. Horticulture Crops  Bananas (Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu)  Lichi and Guava (UP and Bihar)  Pineapples (Meghalaya)
  17. 17. Horticulture Crops  Grapes (Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra)  Apples, Pears, Apricots and Walnuts (Jammu and Kashmir & Himachal Pradesh)
  18. 18. Importance of Agriculture  Agriculture is Livelihood for Millions  It Gives Employment to a large section of people  Agriculutral labourers and Cultivators do farming  Therefore “Farmer is the Backbone of