Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Dr. Nathalie MILBACH-BOUCHE
Regional Team Leader,
Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development, Arab States,
& Sub
UNDP Am...
SYRIA
People in need of
humanitarian
assistance
13.5 Million (end
2015)
3.8 million men,
3.7 million women
6 million child...
21.8%
13.4%
5.1%
57.2%
2.5%
LEBANO
N
JORDAN
Estimated Number of
Syrians
6 160 000
Registered Syrian refugees: 4 837 185 (A...
http://www.wvi.org/sites/default/files/The%20Cost%20of%20Conflict%20for%20Children%20report%20-
%20online%20version.pdf
Av...
Fostering Resilience and Stability
Towards a scaled-up, inclusive, effective and sustainable response
HUMANITARIAN
RESPONS...
Towards a Scaled-up, Inclusive, Effective & Sustainable Response
5 CORES
PRINCIPLESReinforce, don’t replace,
local capacit...
 Host countries’ commitment to allow refugees access to labor markets
and economic opportunities;
 International support...
Harnessing Private Sector contributions incl. finance, skills, knowledge,
technology & innovation, market opportunities fo...
PUBLIC-PRIVATE SECTOR DIALOGUE & COORDINATION
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES
IMPROVED POLICY, LEGAL & REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS
SOCI...
Agency Requirements 2015 2016
Total, USD Billion 4.533 4,552
Resilience & Stabilization, USD Billion 1.28 1,73 + 35,2%
Res...
FOSTERING PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT FOR RESILIENCE & STABILITY
A CORNERSTONE OF UNDP LIVELIHOODS RESPONSE
...
NEED FOR INFORMED PSE/PSD STRATEGIES, TAILORED TO COUNTRY NEEDS AND CONTEXTS
SCALING UP PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT AND DEVE...
THANK YOU
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

How can the private sector better contribute to stabilizing the Middle East and North Africa?: issues and solutions

198 views

Published on

Dr. Nathalie MILBACH-BOUCHE, UNDP Amman Hub
Regional conference: Investment and inclusive growth in the midst of crisis, 11 May 2016, Beirut

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Login to see the comments

How can the private sector better contribute to stabilizing the Middle East and North Africa?: issues and solutions

  1. 1. Dr. Nathalie MILBACH-BOUCHE Regional Team Leader, Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development, Arab States, & Sub UNDP Amman Hub How can the private sector better contribute to stabilizing the Middle East and North Africa?: issues and solutions. Private sector engagement & development in fragile environments Insights on the Resilience Response to Syria protracted crisis
  2. 2. SYRIA People in need of humanitarian assistance 13.5 Million (end 2015) 3.8 million men, 3.7 million women 6 million children Poverty Over 80 % Unemployment Over 50% The Resilience Challenge: some key facts & figures
  3. 3. 21.8% 13.4% 5.1% 57.2% 2.5% LEBANO N JORDAN Estimated Number of Syrians 6 160 000 Registered Syrian refugees: 4 837 185 (April 2016) 972 012 Asylum applications to Europe (April 2011, Feb. 2016) Lebanon: 70% of Syrian households below the PL Jordan: 86% of refugees below the PL  Impoverishment of Refugee and Host communities  Housing shortages and rent increases,  Increased food prices,  Competition at the lower end of labor markets; depressed wages  High strains on services and infrastructure  Environmental degradation  Social tensions, radicalization risks High youth unemployment: -30% in Jordan and Lebanon The Resilience Challenge: some key facts & figures http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/country.php?id=107
  4. 4. http://www.wvi.org/sites/default/files/The%20Cost%20of%20Conflict%20for%20Children%20report%20- %20online%20version.pdf Average difference in per capita GDP growth (with and without conflict) Change in real GDP per capita (US dollars) Absolute (cummulative) GDP loss (Billions of US dollars) Source:The Cost of Conflict f ii or Children | March 2016 Frontier Economics analysis of World Bank, UNHCR and Total Economy Database data  Forgone Economic Growth Syria Jordan Lebanon Public Debt % of GDP 147 (2015) 90 (2015) 138 (2015) Shrinking Fiscal Space The Resilience Challenge: some key facts & figures
  5. 5. Fostering Resilience and Stability Towards a scaled-up, inclusive, effective and sustainable response HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE HUMANITARIAN REPSONSE DEVELOPMENT RESPONSE NEW AID ARCHITECTURE Multi-Year, Integrated Planning & Funding New financing sources & mechanisms New Blend of Partnerships LONG TERM VISION REFUGEE IMMEDIATE NEEDS HOST COUNTRY& COMMUNITY NEEDS REFUGEE AND HOST COUNTRY & COMMUNITY IMMEDIATE AND LONGER TERM NEEDS BREAKING SILOS TURNING THE CRISIS INTO OPPORTUNITIES FOR INCLUSIVE & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  6. 6. Towards a Scaled-up, Inclusive, Effective & Sustainable Response 5 CORES PRINCIPLESReinforce, don’t replace, local capacities Generate new and inclusive partnerships to build resilience, foster innovation, and promote relevance, effectiveness, and efficiency Safeguard social cohesion to foster resilience and cooperation Prioritize the dignity and self-sufficiency of affected populations Increase synergies between humanitarian and development investments and approaches
  7. 7.  Host countries’ commitment to allow refugees access to labor markets and economic opportunities;  International support: access to external markets, concessional financing and job creation  (up to 1.1 million by 2018)  Access to quality education for 1.7 million refugee and vulnerable children in host communities by end of 2016/2017 school year  Access to learning for 2.1 million out-of school children inside Syria  Over USD 11 billion MULTI-YEAR pledge: USD5.9 billion for 2016 and a further USD 5.4 billion for 2017-2020  NEW MEANS OF FINANCING: Around USD 40 billion in loans of which some on concessional terms. From Principles to Action: London new transformational compact PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT & DEVELOPMENT IS PARAMOUNT Strengthened resilience through scaled up economic opportunities and jobs as well education opportunities FOR ALL (Refugee & Vulnerable host populations) Increased funding to meet both immediate needs and mid-term humanitarian, resilience and development needs
  8. 8. Harnessing Private Sector contributions incl. finance, skills, knowledge, technology & innovation, market opportunities for local products Forstering Private Sector Engagement & Development for Job-led Resilience & Stability Creating Enabling Environments, Seizing Opportunities
  9. 9. PUBLIC-PRIVATE SECTOR DIALOGUE & COORDINATION SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IMPROVED POLICY, LEGAL & REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS SOCIAL PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS INCLUSIVE BUSINESS MSME DEVELOPMENT Bridging Funding & Capacity Gaps in Service & Infrastructure delivery. Restoring Confidence. Stimulating the Economy Improving MSME access to information, financing, markets, business skills, and inputs MARKET DRIVEN SKILL DEVELOPMENT FOR EMPLOYABILITY Local procurement, Linkages between foreign investment and local economies Attracting FDI (including Syrian investments), to advance high-value economies (e.g manufacturing), increase employment, (refugees & hosts).. ENABLING ENVIRONMENTS Forstering Private Sector Engagement & Development for Job-led Resilience & Stability
  10. 10. Agency Requirements 2015 2016 Total, USD Billion 4.533 4,552 Resilience & Stabilization, USD Billion 1.28 1,73 + 35,2% Resilience & Stabilization, share of total requirements 28% 38% RESILIENCE & STABILIZATION Private Sector Engagement in Syria Integrated Crisis Response Framework Syria HRP: “ Capitalizing on Syrian resources, reviving local economies, engaging with the private sector, and relying on Syrian knowledge will be integral to the successful implementation of these programmes” Jordan JRP: private sector engagement cuts across the response in shelter, food security and livelihoods, local governance and municipal service - transport (PPPs), health, energy and WASH Lebanon LCRP: supports economic reform to stimulate private sector, improve regulation ..
  11. 11. FOSTERING PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT FOR RESILIENCE & STABILITY A CORNERSTONE OF UNDP LIVELIHOODS RESPONSE Jordan: 3x6 Demand-Driven Vocational Training and Employment Creation Venture Capital for Microbusiness Development Value-chain (incl. green VC) development (dairy products, waste management) Syria:  Local Procurement for the delivery of humanitarian assistance; Local Market & Business, Value Chain revival  Market-relevant vocational training, apprenticeship and on-the-job training Lebanon:  Vocational training and internship placements for the youth  Capacity building & institutional support to MSME ecosystems  Capacity Development support for MSMEs & Cooperatives & Start-up support  Inclusive Finance  Value Chain Development INCLUSIVE BUSINESS & MSME DEVELOPMENT MARKET DRIVEN SKILL DEVELOPMENT FOR EMPLOYABILITY FOCUS ON YOUTH & WOMEN Iraq (KRI): Vocational and business skills training, mentorship, BDS (business development services) support and job placement facilitation
  12. 12. NEED FOR INFORMED PSE/PSD STRATEGIES, TAILORED TO COUNTRY NEEDS AND CONTEXTS SCALING UP PRIVATE SECTOR ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT FOR JOB-LED RESILIENCE & STABILITY MOVING FORWARD  Labor - Skill Match/Gap Assessment  MSME resilience, growth potentials, business environments ?  Constraints facing export-oriented businesses? Constraints facing start-ups?  How to engage private businesses already operating in Syria and neighboring countries as well as to attract the foreign investments (in particular from Europe)?  Actual/potential involvement of the Syrian workforce and Syrian businesses in host countries/communities?  Potential for concessional financing in mobilizing investment by existing/new businesses?  PSE Mapping and Platforms  Employment Opportunity Assessment (WFP-UNDP) SUPPORTED BY REGIONAL FACILITATION TO PROMOTE SHARED VISION, SYNERGIES, LEARNING AND SCALABILITY
  13. 13. THANK YOU

×