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Changing drivetrain and behaviour

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Lecture by Lukas Minnich, E-Mobility – International Conference
Hamburg, 28 September 2016

Published in: Science
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Changing drivetrain and behaviour

  1. 1. www.oeko.de Changing drivetrain and behaviour Electric cars in company fleets and flexible car-sharing systems in German cities Lukas Minnich E-Mobility – International Conference Hamburg, 28 September 2016
  2. 2. 2 www.oeko.de ePowered Fleets Hamburg – EVs in company car pools Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016 ? company & fleet characteristics ? vehicle use patterns ? practical experience & user acceptance ? fleet management & electrification strategy ? vehicle procurement & cost structure ? effect on emissions ü panel surveys: - fleet managers - pool car users - company car users - reference group ü driving data analysis EVs & reference cars ü mobility diaries, interviews… supported by:
  3. 3. 3 www.oeko.de ePowered Fleets Hamburg – preliminary results ● aprox. 500 EVs (mainly BEVs or REEVs) in 230 company fleets ● from one-man business to multinationals, fleets of 1 to 1.000+ vehicles ● 25% of the EVs in rural communities ● EVs as a reliable, modern, eco- friendly means of transportation; 85% generally positive 2020 forecast Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016
  4. 4. 4 www.oeko.de driving data sample of 50 EVs ePowered Fleets Hamburg – preliminary results ● most fleet operators testing 1-2 EVs ● gaining first experiences ● especially electric pool cars sometimes poorly integrated; lack of systematic disposition ● often limited to single purposes in urban surroundings ● use of EVs as company cars mostly in senior management Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016
  5. 5. 5 www.oeko.de share – electric and conventional car-sharing Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016 ü research on car2go flexible (flex) car-sharing (CS) - Stuttgart (EV only) - Cologne (conventional only) - Frankfurt (conventional only) ü 1,400+/2,300+ responders (pilot group / reference group in cooperation with: supported by:
  6. 6. 6 www.oeko.de share – electric and conventional flexible car-sharing (flex CS) ? user characteristics and acceptance of conventional and electric flex CS ? changes in car ownership ? shifts in modal split ? potentials of possible future flex CS offers ? environmental impact of flex CS Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016
  7. 7. 7 www.oeko.de share – user characteristics and behaviour ● flex CS users: young, above average level of education, live in cities, affinity for ICT systems ● modal split – flex CS users… ‒ are more multimodal in their travel behaviour than average ‒ often combine flex CS with public transport ● general trend: increasing number of young adults without own car ● car-sharing reacts to that trend by facilitating urban mobility for young generation without own car Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016
  8. 8. 8 www.oeko.de share – trip purpose – flex CS Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016 13% 5% 18% 38% 6% 19% 2% Zur Arbeit/Ausbildung Dienstlich/geschäftlich Einkauf/Erledigungen Freizeit Jemanden holen/bringen Nach Hause Sonstiges work / education business trip shopping / personal business leisure escort back home other
  9. 9. 9 www.oeko.de share – use of electric and conventional flex CS ● users describe car-sharing use as fun, comfortable, time- saving, but expensive and uncertain due to limited number of vehicles ● EVs are perceived as equally flexible and useful as conventional vehicles in flex CS ● users perceive EVs as more environmentally friendly compared to conventional vehicles in flex CS Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016
  10. 10. 10 www.oeko.de Towards 100% electric and multimodal transport Lukas Minnich Schicklerstr. 5-7 Resources & Transport l.minnich@oeko.de Researcher D-10179 Berlin Öko-Institut e.V. +49 30 405085 312 ● Climate and air quality goals require solutions for road transport ● Innovative, enthusiastic users can be convinced to… ‒ switch from conventional cars to EVs ‒ switch from private car use to a multimodal mix including car-sharing … and their perspective is generally positive about flex CS and EVs ● The broad majority needs to experience concrete advantages in every-day use ● financial support and expansion of infrastructures only is probably not sufficient, additional measures are required Changing drivetrain and behaviour│Lukas Minnich│Hamburg│28.09.2016

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