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The 2018 European Commission Data Package

Presentation on PSI Directive recast and Recommendation on scientific information revised

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The 2018 European Commission Data Package

  1. 1. The 2018 Data Package Jean-François DECHAMP Victoria TSOUKALA European Commission DG RTD.A2 Open Data Policy & Science Cloud ERCEA, room COV 2 24/SDR0, 5 June 2018 Malte BEYER-KATZENBERGER European Commission DG CONNECT.G1 Data Policy & Innovation
  2. 2. Adopted 25/4/2018
  3. 3. Communication: Towards a common European data space The data economy will flourish if different types of data are accessible & re-useable: - across borders - for & by different types of organisations (private, public, research) - for & by different sectors (e.g. energy, manufacturing, health…). Mandate: DSM Mid-Term Review (May 2017) The communication outlines a package of measures as a key step towards the creation of a common European data space: A seamless digital area with the scale that will enable the development of new products and services based on data.
  4. 4. Proposal for a recast of the PSI Directive Main elements of the proposal: • Creation of a high quality public data infrastructure: Certain "high value" public data should be available for free and through APIs; • Obligation on MS to make available research data in Open Access (interplay with revised Recommendation to MS on the 'how to'); research data re-usable, also for commercial purposes (insofar as already accessible via repositories); re-use of research data to be free of charge; • Ensure equal access for all – no exclusive agreements on access to public data with private companies.
  5. 5. "B2B data-sharing" How to improve the flow of data in B2B situations? • 2017 policy Communication on questions of data access, rights on data (limited to non-personal and "IoT" data); • 2018 Principles: Contractual freedom of companies to share or not to share; principles to guide contractual negotiations so that markets for IoT data and products remain fair and competitive: • Transparency in contracts on access and use of data; • Recognition of different roles in shared value creation; • Respect for each other's commercial interests; • No distortion of competition; • Minimised data lock-ins. • Guidance document accompanying the principles/ Support Centre (as of 2019)
  6. 6. Business data for public good? • 2017 policy Communication on questions of data access, rights on data identifies question of "access for public interest and scientific purposes" • 2018 Principles: Private law contracts as the basis of data delivery from companies to public sector bodies, but suggesting that such delivery take place • at preferential terms against promise • to respect a purpose limitation principle (no "once-only"); • not to undermine commercial exploitation of the data and to proceed in a transparent manner. Preferential nature of the terms to be considered against public purpose.
  7. 7. Commission Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information The Recommendation of 2012 • Part of package that contained measures to improve and harmonize access to scientific information produced in Europe (incl. Horizon 2020) • Coherence between the environment of researchers 'at home' and the EU Framework Programme(s) • A soft law measure • Creation of the European Commission Expert Group on National Points of Reference on Scientific Information (NPR) – 2nd report for period 2014-2016 • A valuable and impactful instrument for policy making
  8. 8. Commission Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information The revision of 2018 • Technical update required to fit today's standard research practices bases on Open Science (OS), and to reflect the most recent developments in EU policies • Title unchanged • Announced in European Cloud Initiative (COM(2016) 178 final) • Discussion at the 5th meeting of the EC Expert Group on National Points of Reference (NPRs) in December 2017 • Joint exercise DG CONNECT & DG RTD • Interservice Group and interservice consultation
  9. 9. Commission Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information The main changes (1/2) • OA to scientific publications (1-2): different channels of publications, references to 'offsetting deals', intellectual property rights, Text and Data Mining (TDM) and technical standards that enable re-use... • Management of research data, including OA (3-4): Data Management Plans, FAIR data, "as open as possible, as closed as necessary", TDM and technical standards that enable re-use... • Preservation and re-use (5): minor changes • Infrastructures for OS (6-7): European Open Science Cloud...
  10. 10. Commission Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information The main changes (2/2) • Skills and competences (8): an enlarged, separate section • Incentives and reward (9): an enlarged, separate section incl. references to schemes and systems for researchers to share data and commit to other Open Science practices (e.g. metrics) • Multi-stakeholder dialogue on open science (10): systemic change towards open science, all research outputs from all phases of research cycle... • Structured co-ordination (11) and information to the EC (12): minor changes • Inclusion of recent references, editing and formatting
  11. 11. Commission Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information The expected impact • 2018 C(2018) 2375 final as an even more powerful policy instrument that is fit for purpose • Focus on the entire ecosystem of scientific information • Translations available in all official EU languages for tailored reference at national level The next steps • A new compass for Member States
  12. 12. Questions and comments?

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