400 million people in India still live in poverty –this makes 1/3rd
of the poor’s in the world
Many of those who have recently escaped poverty (53 million people
between 2005-10 alone) are still highly vulnerable to falling back into it.
While India’s average annual per capita income was $1,410 in
2011–placing it among the poorest of the world’s middle-income
countries– it was just $436 in Uttar Pradesh (which has more people
than Brazil) and only $294 in Bihar, one of India’s poorest states
A pictorial graphic released by various United Nations agencies on the occasion
of International Literacy Day accords India the dubious distinction of having the
maximum number of illiterate adults in the world-a staggering 287 million, a
number that is nearly four times the population of France.
India has the second highest unemployment rate after South Africa.
Countries such as Pakistan, Indonesia, Kazakhstan,
and Sri Lanka have a lower unemployment rate compared to India.
These are itself the reasons to various
other problems and are highly
interconnected as illiteracy leads to
unemployment and finally drives the
fatal force in the world-poverty. In on
way illiteracy is the mother of all
problems in India
But statistics , facts and reasons
cannot bring smiles on those 400
million faces , so how can we do that?
Teaching has turned to be a rare profession these
days and also half of the illiterate masses do not
have money for a formal school , if every youth of
India volunteer for an hour or two even in a week
illiteracy will be an unknown word.
One more problem in India is that people do not
understand the importance of education , as a
volunteer , on can spread awareness.
Help the poor in setting up small scale enterprises
Now , what part can government play is that they
can make social service a part of curriculum of the
The education system in India was built to train Indians
to serve as clerks for the British government, this system
of education has to be revolutionized to the purpose of
Statistics say though there is large unemployment in
India still the industrial sector lacks in skilled manpower,
why such a gap?
We need a more industrial friendly and updated
education system, that works on personality and skill
development rather than rote learning.There is no point in
teaching a bank P.O. Science and literature when all his
work is to count money , deal with clients and update
records, he should rather be taught better communication
Promotion of SSIs
According to the statistics more than 40% of
companies income come from SSIs,they not only
serve to increase the gross domestic product of the
country ,they also help the country to get rid of
poverty,but still all the economic policies of the
government are in favour of big enterprises.
The government should focus on these small
establisment,providing them loans at low interest
rate ,reducing tax rates for such companies etc.
Basic Education necessary
Though Indian government is focusing a lot on adult and
primary education , yet after all these efforts ,there has
been no much changes in the country , then what is to be
The problem that the policy makers do not understand is
that most of the children do not go for higher education in
India, nor do adults study for years , nor do they need to
read all the poems of Greek and Roman mythology ,
what they need is basic education –to read and write
,know the laws and regulations of the country, etiquettes,
their rights ,their duties ,the policies of the government
and few basic skills to earn his living ,so special
curriculum should be prepared for all seeking primary
Reduce the income gap
The rich is becoming richer and the poor becomes
Our country can learn from Finland ,there every man
pays a tax according to his income and in return all
are entitled to basic facilities for free, where even
fines are charged according to the income of a
Nepotism and favourism should be done with.
Traditonal sources of income
Every family has some skills that they get from their
ancestors ,many families come to the verge of
poverty when those skills are no longer valued.
Government should promote such skills ,provide
subsidies on traditional handicraft and other
ancestral things and also helping them to improve
their technology side by side so that they can stand
the test of time.