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9/9/2014 
1 
MARC21 
CORAZON M. NERA 
DIRECTOR, SOTERO H. LAUREL ACADEMIC RESOURCE CENTER 
LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVE...
9/9/2014 
2 
What is MARC21? 
!a “communication format” 
!a structure in which data from one 
computerized catalogue can b...
9/9/2014 
3 
Catalogue format, not 
cataloguing code 
! The CONTENT of the data elements in a 
MARC record is defined by s...
9/9/2014 
4 
Structure of a MARC Record 
!Fields – into which we enter, encode, 
record our bibliographic information 
– a...
9/9/2014 
5 
All MARC fields consist of a three-digit 
TAG 
! 100 Main entry – personal name 
! 245 Title statement 
! 260...
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6 
Indicators 
!Example: In 100 tag 
Name is entered under a forename 
(indicator 0) 
Surname (indicator 1, the ...
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7 
Indicators 
!Example: In 245 tag 
The second indicator allows for up to 9 
characters at the start of the tit...
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8 
Subfields 
Example: In 245 field 
$a is the title 
$c is the statement of responsibility 
Main Entries and Ad...
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Main Entries and Added 
Entries 
100 Main entry – personal name 
700 Added entry – personal name 
110 Main en...
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Punctuation 
- MARC21 follows standard AACR2/ 
ISBD punctuation 
Common MARC21 Fields 
100, 700 – Entries fo...
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100, 700 – Entries for person 
!The 100 field does not use the 
second indicator. 
!In the 700 field, and in...
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110, 710 – Entries for corporate 
body 
! Indicators 
The second indicator is undefined, and 
there are only...
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110, 710 – Entries for corporate 
body 
$a Corporate name or jurisdiction 
name as entry element 
$b Subordi...
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110, 710 – Entries for corporate 
body 
!Here, we see the correct format for a 
jurisdiction with subordinat...
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111, 711 – Entries for conferences 
and other meetings 
! Again, the inverted name is very 
uncommon. 
! Of ...
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111, 711 – Entries for conferences and 
other meetings 
! Example: 
National Electronic Conference (6th : 20...
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130 – Uniform title (main entry) 
! If a work has no person of chief 
responsibility and is not the emanatio...
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130 – Uniform title (main entry) 
! Many of the works that require main 
entry under uniform title are relig...
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240 – Uniform title (where there is 
main entry under 100, 110 or 111) 
! Indicators 
The first indicator is...
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245 – Title and statement of 
responsibility 
! The first indicator is used to establish 
whether there is a...
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245 – Title and statement of 
responsibility 
! The 2nd indicator is used to indicate the 
number of non-fil...
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245 – Title and statement of 
responsibility 
If we take this example in AACR2 
punctuation: 
The revised ex...
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245 – Title and statement of 
responsibility 
Punctuation 
- the colon that precedes the 
remainder of the t...
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245 – Title and statement of 
responsibility 
- it is also important to note that none of 
these fields are ...
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245 – Title and statement of 
responsibility 
MULTIPART WORKS 
- In multipart works use $n to record the 
nu...
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246 Varying form of title 
There are 4 different actions that can 
be taken when adding a varying title, 
an...
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27 
246 Varying form of title 
The second indicator can be used to 
explain why you feel the need to 
record the...
9/9/2014 
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246 Varying form of title 
So The Walker book of animal tales might 
be given a variant title that is a port...
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29 
246 Varying form of title 
I PAARL poses many problems for 
cataloguer. 
we would suggest the following 245 ...
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250 – Edition 
This field does not use indicators, and 
has two very straightforward subfields: 
$a – Editio...
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260 – Publication, etc. 
Indicators: 
For modern books, the most common 
indicator is 3. 
260 – Publication,...
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260 – Publication, etc. 
Standard ISBD punctuation is followed, 
so that the $b is preceded by a colon 
and ...
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260 – Publication, etc. 
260 3_$aManila :$bRex Book Store, 
$c2005 
260 _$aMedford, N.J. :$bInformation 
Tod...
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300 – Physical description 
In this next example, the measurement is 
given in millimeters because it is les...
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35 
490 – Series statement 
The first indicator in this field is used to 
show whether a series needs a tracing ...
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5 – Notes 
The most frequently used notes fields 
are: 
500 – General note 
501 – With note 
504 – Bibliogra...
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37 
500 – General Note 
Both indicators are undefined, and 
although there are five subfields, 
including $6, th...
9/9/2014 
38 
501 – With note 
Again, the indicators are undefined, 
and although there are four subfields, 
including $6,...
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39 
504 – Bibliography note 
The indicators are undefined, and although 
other subfields are available, most 
ca...
9/9/2014 
40 
505 – Formatted contents note 
Many cataloguing agencies use only 
$a, but use of the other subfields is not...
9/9/2014 
41 
505 – Formatted contents note 
Cataloguing agencies using more than 
$a most commonly use $r and $t, 
which ...
9/9/2014 
42 
520 – Summary, etc. 
520 is used for abstracts, reviews and 
summaries, and unlike most notes 
fields, uses ...
9/9/2014 
43 
520 – Summary, etc. 
The beginning cataloguer may need to 
differentiate between summaries and 
abstracts, a...
9/9/2014 
44 
520 – Summary, etc. 
Review notes is used mainly by specialist 
research collections, especially where 
anal...
9/9/2014 
45 
521 Target audience note 
The first indicator is used to indicate different 
levels of audience: 
General au...
9/9/2014 
46 
521 Target audience note 
! Numbered information in subfield $a 
pertains to the age level at which the item...
9/9/2014 
47 
521 Target audience note 
It is not uncommon to see audience 
notes that veer away from the 
standardized fo...
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534 – Original version note 
534 _$pOriginally published:$cLondon : Little, 
Brown, 1998. 
534 _$pOriginally...
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561 – Ownership and custodial 
history 
Here are some examples of provenance 
notes: 
561 _$aFrom the librar...
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50 
563 Binding information 
Information can be as detailed or as 
general as the library requires: 
563 _$aBlue...
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59X – Local notes 
590 _$aTitle-page and first few pages 
slightly damaged. 
590 _$aThe whole volume has suf...
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52 
The Impact of RDA 
RDA Content Types 
RDA Media Types 
RDA Carrier Types 
The Impact of RDA 
New MARC Author...
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Marc 21 by Corazon M Nera

Lectures presented during the two-day PAARL-sponsored Public Consultation and Training Workshop on RDA Policy and Action Plan for Philippine Libraries held at
Phela Grande Hotel, Magsaysay Avenue cor. Atis St., General Santos City on 28-29 August 2014

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Marc 21 by Corazon M Nera

  1. 1. 9/9/2014 1 MARC21 CORAZON M. NERA DIRECTOR, SOTERO H. LAUREL ACADEMIC RESOURCE CENTER LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES UNIVERSITY What is MARC21? ! Lois Mai Chan (2007) identifies five current types of MARC21 formats: !MARC 21 for bibliographic data !MARC 21 for authority data !MARC 21 for classification data !MARC 21 for holdings data !MARC 21 for community information
  2. 2. 9/9/2014 2 What is MARC21? !a “communication format” !a structure in which data from one computerized catalogue can be shared with another computerized catalogue Catalogue format, not cataloguing code !MARC format provides the structure while cataloguing codes provide the rules !MARC21 does not set out to be a cataloguing code
  3. 3. 9/9/2014 3 Catalogue format, not cataloguing code ! The CONTENT of the data elements in a MARC record is defined by standards: ! Examples are: International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD), Resource Description and Access(RDA) Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) Structure of a MARC Record !Record leader – data elements that primarily provide information for the processing of the record !Directory – series of entries that contain the tag, length, and starting location of each variable field within a record
  4. 4. 9/9/2014 4 Structure of a MARC Record !Fields – into which we enter, encode, record our bibliographic information – access points and descriptive cataloguing Structure of a MARC Record !Both leader and directory are performing data coding functions and most library management systems are set up to complete them automatically
  5. 5. 9/9/2014 5 All MARC fields consist of a three-digit TAG ! 100 Main entry – personal name ! 245 Title statement ! 260 Publication, distribution, etc. (imprint) ! 300 Physical description ! Each tag makes use of indicators and subfields Indicators - are a further two digits that can be used to provide more information about the tag or define it in some way
  6. 6. 9/9/2014 6 Indicators !Example: In 100 tag Name is entered under a forename (indicator 0) Surname (indicator 1, the most common) Family name (indicator 3) Indicators !Example: In 245 tag The first indicator tells us whether there is a title main entry (indicator 0) or title added entry (indicator 1)
  7. 7. 9/9/2014 7 Indicators !Example: In 245 tag The second indicator allows for up to 9 characters at the start of the title to be ignored for filing purposes (indicator 0- 9) Subfields - can be identified by their delimiter, usually a lower case letter - preceded by a pipe-mark (!) or a dollar sign ($)
  8. 8. 9/9/2014 8 Subfields Example: In 245 field $a is the title $c is the statement of responsibility Main Entries and Added Entries main entry fields – starts with the digit 1 added entry fields – starts with either digit 7 or digit 8
  9. 9. 9/9/2014 9 Main Entries and Added Entries 100 Main entry – personal name 700 Added entry – personal name 110 Main entry – corporate name 710 Added entry – corporate name Main Entries and Added Entries 111 Main entry – meeting name [conference heading] 711 Added entry – meeting name [conference heading] 130 Main entry – uniform title 830 Series added entry – uniform title
  10. 10. 9/9/2014 10 Punctuation - MARC21 follows standard AACR2/ ISBD punctuation Common MARC21 Fields 100, 700 – Entries for person ! Indicators The first indicator in the 100 and 700 fields indicates the type of personal name element: Forename – 0 Surname – 1 Family name – 3
  11. 11. 9/9/2014 11 100, 700 – Entries for person !The 100 field does not use the second indicator. !In the 700 field, and indicator of 2 indicates an analytical entry 100, 700 – Entries for person ! The most common subfields are: ! $a personal name ! $d dates associated with a name 100 1_$aLaurel, Jose Paciano,$d1891-1959
  12. 12. 9/9/2014 12 110, 710 – Entries for corporate body ! Indicators The second indicator is undefined, and there are only 3 options for the first indicator: Inverted name – 0 Jurisdiction name – 1 Name in direct order – 2 110, 710 – Entries for corporate body !The inverted name is very uncommon ! There are many subfields available for use, but by far the most common are:
  13. 13. 9/9/2014 13 110, 710 – Entries for corporate body $a Corporate name or jurisdiction name as entry element $b Subordinate unit 110, 710 – Entries for corporate body ! Logically, $a is non-repeatable, but you can repeat $b as often as necessary. 110 2_$aPhilippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians 110 2_$aLyceum of the Philippines University.$bCollege of Arts and Sciences.
  14. 14. 9/9/2014 14 110, 710 – Entries for corporate body !Here, we see the correct format for a jurisdiction with subordinate body: 110 1_$aPhilippines.$bProfessional Regulation Commission 110 1_$aPhilippines.$bNavy 111, 711 – Entries for conferences and other meetings ! Indicators The second indicator is undefined, and there are only 3 options for the first indicator: Inverted name – 0 Jurisdiction name – 1 Name in direct order – 2
  15. 15. 9/9/2014 15 111, 711 – Entries for conferences and other meetings ! Again, the inverted name is very uncommon. ! Of the many subfields available, the most common are: 111, 711 – Entries for conferences and other meetings $a – Meeting/conference or jurisdiction name $n – Number of meeting (formed as per AACR2 as an ordinal number) $d – Date of meeting (year only, as per AACR2) $c – Location of meeting/conference
  16. 16. 9/9/2014 16 111, 711 – Entries for conferences and other meetings ! Example: National Electronic Conference (6th : 2014 : Manila, Philippines) we can enter it in MARC field as : 111 2_$National Electronic Conference $n(6th : $d2014 : $cManila, Philippines) 130 – Uniform title (main entry) !Work is entered directly under title and the work has appeared under varying titles, necessitating that a particular title be chosen to represent the work
  17. 17. 9/9/2014 17 130 – Uniform title (main entry) ! If a work has no person of chief responsibility and is not the emanation of a corporate body, and has appeared under varying titles, choose the 130 field rather than the 240 field for the uniform title 130 – Uniform title (main entry) ! Indicators The second indicator is not used, and the first indicator indicates the number of non-filing characters from 0 to 9. $a – uniform title $l – language $s – version
  18. 18. 9/9/2014 18 130 – Uniform title (main entry) ! Many of the works that require main entry under uniform title are religious, such as the Bible and the Koran, hence the usefulness of $s: 130 0_$aBible.$lEnglish.$sAuthorized. 130 0_$aKoran.$lEnglish. 130 – Uniform title (main entry) ! However, some other important works in the literary canon require main entry under uniform title: 130 0_$aBeowulf.$lEnglish. 130 0_$aNoli Me Tangere.$lEnglish.
  19. 19. 9/9/2014 19 240 – Uniform title (where there is main entry under 100, 110 or 111) ! Indicators The first indicator is used to decide whether the uniform title needs to be displayed or not: If we don’t want to print or display it – 0 If we do want to print or display it – 1 240 – Uniform title (where there is main entry under 100, 110 or 111) ! For clarity of comparison with 130 uniform titles, these examples give the main entry and the 240 entry: 100 10$aRowling, J.K. 240 10$aHarry Potter and the prisoner of Azkaban.$lFrench.
  20. 20. 9/9/2014 20 245 – Title and statement of responsibility ! The first indicator is used to establish whether there is a title added entry or not. 245 – Title and statement of responsibility ! Use 1 when the title added entry is the same as the entry in 245. Records without a 1XX entry always have an indicator of 0 245 10$aObama’s wars/$cBob Woodward
  21. 21. 9/9/2014 21 245 – Title and statement of responsibility ! The 2nd indicator is used to indicate the number of non-filing characters and punctuations at the beginning of the field e.g. 4 for “The” 2 for “A” and 3 for “An” 245 12$aA practitioner’s guide to business analytics :$busing data analysis tools to improve your organization’s decision making and strategy/$cRandy Bartlett 245 – Title and statement of responsibility ! The most frequently used subfield codes in the 245 tag are: $a – Title $b – Remainder of title (i.e. ‘other title information’ in AACR parlance, or ‘sub-title’) $c – Statement of responsibility, etc.
  22. 22. 9/9/2014 22 245 – Title and statement of responsibility If we take this example in AACR2 punctuation: The revised exporter’s manual : comprehensive general export procedures and support services to exporters / Export Assistance Network 245 – Title and statement of responsibility This is entered in MARC as: 245 14$aThe revised exporter’s manual :$bcomprehensive general export procedures and support services to exporters /$cExport Assistance Network
  23. 23. 9/9/2014 23 245 – Title and statement of responsibility Punctuation - the colon that precedes the remainder of the title information appears at the end of the $a subfield - the oblique that precedes the statement of responsibility area appears at the end of the $b subfield 245 – Title and statement of responsibility Punctuation - if there is no remainder of title information, $a will not end with a colon, as in this example, where it ends with the oblique that precedes the $c: 245 10$aEssential cataloguing/$cJ.H. Bowman
  24. 24. 9/9/2014 24 245 – Title and statement of responsibility - it is also important to note that none of these fields are repeatable. This means that you use that subfield code for the first and then use punctuation to indicate the others: 245 10$aRadical cataloguing :$bessays at the Front /$cedited by K.R. Roberto; introduction by Sanford Berman 245 – Title and statement of responsibility MEDIUM - AACR2 uses the term “General Material Designation (GMD)” for the same concept that MARC terms “medium” and provides lists of terms to be used 245 14$aThe history boys$h[sound recording] /$cAlan Bennett
  25. 25. 9/9/2014 25 245 – Title and statement of responsibility MULTIPART WORKS - In multipart works use $n to record the number of a part or section of a work and/or $p to record the name of a part or section of a work: 245 – Title and statement of responsibility 245 10$aPrinciples of tourism. $n1,$pMedical tourism and future world tourism
  26. 26. 9/9/2014 26 246 Varying form of title There are 4 different actions that can be taken when adding a varying title, and each is denoted by the first indicator: 246 Varying form of title note made, but no added entry made – 0 note and added entry made – 1 no note made, no added entry made – 2 no note made, but added entry made – 3
  27. 27. 9/9/2014 27 246 Varying form of title The second indicator can be used to explain why you feel the need to record the variant title: 246 Varying form of title # - No type specified 0 – Portion of title 1 – Parallel title 2 – Distinctive title 3 – Other title 4 – Cover title 5 – Added title page title 6 – Caption title 7 – Running title 8 – Spine title
  28. 28. 9/9/2014 28 246 Varying form of title So The Walker book of animal tales might be given a variant title that is a portion of the title proper: 245 04$aThe Walker book of animal tales 245 30$aBook of animal tales 246 Varying form of title Since not all searchers will remember that l8r and g8r is written in text language, we might want to provide a standard English form: 245 10$al8r, g8r /$cLauren Myracle 246 3_$aLater, gator
  29. 29. 9/9/2014 29 246 Varying form of title I PAARL poses many problems for cataloguer. we would suggest the following 245 and 246 entries: 246 Varying form of title 245 10$aI heart PAARL /$cRoderick Ramos 246 3_$aI love PAARL 246 0_$iTitle typeset as:$aI PAARL
  30. 30. 9/9/2014 30 250 – Edition This field does not use indicators, and has two very straightforward subfields: $a – Edition statement $b – Remainder of edition statement 250 – Edition Punctuation follows AACR2: 250 _$a4th ed. 250 _$aRev. ed. 250 _$aNew ed. 250 _$a12th ed. /$bZenaida Lansangan-Cruz
  31. 31. 9/9/2014 31 260 – Publication, etc. Indicators: For modern books, the most common indicator is 3. 260 – Publication, etc. The most common subfields are: $a – Place of publication $b – Name of publisher $c – Date of publication
  32. 32. 9/9/2014 32 260 – Publication, etc. Standard ISBD punctuation is followed, so that the $b is preceded by a colon and $c is preceded by a comma. 260 – Publication, etc. Where the $a is repeated, it is preceded by a semi-colon; where $b is repeated, it is preceded by a semi-colon.
  33. 33. 9/9/2014 33 260 – Publication, etc. 260 3_$aManila :$bRex Book Store, $c2005 260 _$aMedford, N.J. :$bInformation Today,$c2007 260 3_$aLondon ;$aBoston; $bButterworhs,$c1990 300 – Physical description This field does not use indicators. The most common subfields in use are: $a – Extent $b – Other physical details, such as illustrations $c – Dimensions, usually expressed in centimeters or millimeters
  34. 34. 9/9/2014 34 300 – Physical description In this next example, the measurement is given in millimeters because it is less than 10 centimeters 300 – Physical description Accompanying material is recorded in $e: 300 _$a95, [9] p. : $bill. ; $c18 cm. + $e1 game (one sheet, fold.) 300 _$a[25] p. : $bchiefly col. Ill. ; $c16 cm. + $e1 sound cassette
  35. 35. 9/9/2014 35 490 – Series statement The first indicator in this field is used to show whether a series needs a tracing or not: Series statement, no tracing – 0 Series statement with tracing – 1 490 – Series statement The second indicator is not used. Most common subfields are: $a – series statement $v – volume designator
  36. 36. 9/9/2014 36 5 – Notes The most frequently used notes fields are: 500 – General note 501 – With note 504 – Bibliography note 505 – Formatted contents note 520 – Summary, etc. 5 – Notes The most frequently used notes fields are: 521 – Target audience note 534 – Original version note 561 – Ownership and custodial history 563 – Binding information 59X – Local notes
  37. 37. 9/9/2014 37 500 – General Note Both indicators are undefined, and although there are five subfields, including $6, that can be used for linkage, most cataloguing agencies use only $a. 500 – General Note 500 _$aIncludes index. 500 _$aTranslated from German 500 _$aImprint stamped on verso of t.p. 500 _$aBased on a play which originally appeared in France as ‘Un peu plus tard, un peu plus tôt’. 500 _$aTable of cases: p. xiii-xvi.
  38. 38. 9/9/2014 38 501 – With note Again, the indicators are undefined, and although there are four subfields, including $6, that can be used for linkage, most cataloguing agencies use only $a. 501 – With note 501 _$aWith: Saloobin :$bSagot ni Hen. Emilio Aguinaldo sa mga paratang ng dakilang lumpo /$canotasyon at pagsasalin ni Emmanuel Franco Calairo
  39. 39. 9/9/2014 39 504 – Bibliography note The indicators are undefined, and although other subfields are available, most cataloging agencies use $a. The standard formula for entries in this field are: 504 – Bibliography note 504 _$aBibliography: p.238-239. 504 _$aIncludes bibliographic references. 504 _$aIncludes bibliographies and index. 504 _$aIncludes bibliographic references and index.
  40. 40. 9/9/2014 40 505 – Formatted contents note Many cataloguing agencies use only $a, but use of the other subfields is not uncommon: 505 – Formatted contents note $a – formatted contents note $g – miscellaneous information $r – statement of responsibility $t – title $u – uniform reference identifier $6 – linkage $8 – field link and sequence number
  41. 41. 9/9/2014 41 505 – Formatted contents note Cataloguing agencies using more than $a most commonly use $r and $t, which are repeatable. 505 – Formatted contents note 505 0_$aFire / Vikram Seth -- The island / Mark Haddon 505 01$tFire /$rVikram Seth -- $tThe island /$rMark Haddon
  42. 42. 9/9/2014 42 520 – Summary, etc. 520 is used for abstracts, reviews and summaries, and unlike most notes fields, uses its first indicator to denote the type of content in the field: 520 – Summary, etc. Summary – blank Subject – 0 Review – 1 Scope and content – 2 Abstract – 3 Content advice – 4
  43. 43. 9/9/2014 43 520 – Summary, etc. The beginning cataloguer may need to differentiate between summaries and abstracts, as in these examples: 520 – Summary, etc. 520 _$aProvides contact information about drug… 520 3_$aThe present paper describes a patient who exhibit ‘Alice in Wonderland’ (AIW) syndrome…
  44. 44. 9/9/2014 44 520 – Summary, etc. Review notes is used mainly by specialist research collections, especially where analytical cataloguing of book chapters and journal articles is undertaken: 501 1_$aReview of ‘Ask Alice’ and the issues it raised about teenage drug use 520 – Summary, etc. With RDA’s emphasis on how works relate to each other, we may see an upsurge using 520 1_ notes.
  45. 45. 9/9/2014 45 521 Target audience note The first indicator is used to indicate different levels of audience: General audience note – blank Reading grade level – 0 Interest age level – 1 Interest grade level – 2 Special audience characteristics – 3 Motivation/interest level – 3 521 Target audience note !The second indicator is undefined. Although there are 5 subfields available, most cataloging agencies use only $a.
  46. 46. 9/9/2014 46 521 Target audience note ! Numbered information in subfield $a pertains to the age level at which the item will most likely be of interest. The value is used to generate the display constant Interest age level: 521 1_$a008-012 [The item is of interest to those aged 8-12] 521 Target audience note In practice, may systems cannot deal with this form of coding to generate the note, and so the cataloguers have to enter the note manually: 521 1_$aInterest age level: 8-12.
  47. 47. 9/9/2014 47 521 Target audience note It is not uncommon to see audience notes that veer away from the standardized form of entry: 521 1_$a‘Ages 3-8’ – Front flap of dustjacket. 534 – Original version note The most commonly used subfields are: $p – Introductory phrase $c – Publication of the original $t – title of the original
  48. 48. 9/9/2014 48 534 – Original version note 534 _$pOriginally published:$cLondon : Little, Brown, 1998. 534 _$pOriginally published as:$tEchoes from the macabre,$cLondon : Victor Gollancz, 1976. 561 – Ownership and custodial history The first indicator can be used to indicate the privacy level of the information: No information as to privacy – blank Private information – 0 Not private – 1 The second indicator is undefined.
  49. 49. 9/9/2014 49 561 – Ownership and custodial history Here are some examples of provenance notes: 561 _$aFrom the library of Sotero H. Laurel, bequeathed 2005. 561 _$aInscriptions on title-page verso and several other blank leaves: ‘Lex Libris’. 563 Binding information Information can be as detailed or as general as the library requires: 563 _$aBuckram binding. 563 _$aModern buckram binding; edges red.
  50. 50. 9/9/2014 50 563 Binding information Information can be as detailed or as general as the library requires: 563 _$aBlue cloth binding 563 _$aNavy blue cloth binding, gilt text on upper board and spine, top edge stained blue. 59X – Local notes Local notes are implemented to record information about the local copy that, for whatever reason, cannot be entered into the holdings information
  51. 51. 9/9/2014 51 59X – Local notes 590 _$aTitle-page and first few pages slightly damaged. 590 _$aThe whole volume has suffered some water damage. 590 _$aLacking the 6 advertisement leaves. The Impact of RDA ! In February 2010, Update 11 to MARC21 for Bibliographic Data implemented ! A document entitled RDA in MARC was published on the MARC website at www.loc.gov/marc/RDAinMARC29.html summarizing changes in the following areas:
  52. 52. 9/9/2014 52 The Impact of RDA RDA Content Types RDA Media Types RDA Carrier Types The Impact of RDA New MARC Authority Fields for Name Attributes New MARC Authority and Bibliographic Fields for Work and Expression

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