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How digitization & BIM is transforming construction

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Keynote speech in the Digital Conference: "A new digital age for the construction sector in Greece through BIM"

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How digitization & BIM is transforming construction

  1. 1. 1 HOW BIM & DIGITALISATION IS TRANSFORMING CONSTRUCTION NICOLETA PANAGIOTIDOU ARCHITECT MSC, BIM SPECIALIST FOUNDER BIM DESIGN HUB Do more with technology 25/09/2020
  2. 2. 2 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 PANAGIOTIDOU NICOLETA Architect, Au.TH University Thessaloniki MSc Sustainable Design, Uni. Edinburgh BIM Informed Professional, BIP, BRE, UK BREEAM Associate, BRE, UK Autodesk Certified Instructor PHD Doctorate student, BIM research, UCL Founder at BIM Design Hub Editor, BIM Dictionary BIM Mentor, Women in BIM About me HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION
  3. 3. 3 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIMGREECE2020 “TELL ME AND I FORGET. TEACH ME AND I REMEMBER. INVOLVE ME AND I LEARN” Benjamin Franklin
  4. 4. 4 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Αgenda HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ▪ BIM & Digitalisation ▪ BIM Implementation ▪ BIM Standards ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIMGREECE2020
  5. 5. 5 BIM & DIGITALISATION A NEW DIGITAL AGE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN GREECE THROUGH BIM Image source: Autodesk Inc
  6. 6. 6 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 DIAGRAM SECTION WRITE SOMETH IN G HERE 34% of industry professionals report that the top cause of poor project information derives from incorrect project data Risk 69% of owners believe that contractor's performance is the main reason for poor construction Underperformance It is estimated that about 30% of the construction work is actually repetitive work. Rework 80% of construction companies can not find the workers they need Labor shortage Only 1% increase in construction sector’s annual productivity in the last 20 years Productivity 93% of construction professionals report a basic level of trust, only 37% report high levels of trust Lack of trust Construction industry challenges https://constructionblog.autodesk.com/construction-industry-statistics/
  7. 7. 7 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Digitalisation trends
  8. 8. 8 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Construction 4.0 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION
  9. 9. 9 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM impact - links to the sector HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION IMPACT LINKS
  10. 10. 10 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 CONTRACTORCLIENT DESIGN PROCUREMENT SUPPLIERS & SUBCONTRCTORSTRADITIONAL DATA FLOW CONTRACTORCLIENT DESIGN PROCUREMENT SUPPLIERS & SUBCONTRCTORS DIGITAL DATA FLOW ΒΙΜ & Data flow HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION Images courtesy: BIM Design Hub
  11. 11. 11 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Video by Autodesk Inc. Architecture
  12. 12. 12 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Structural engineering & design Video by Autodesk Inc.
  13. 13. 13 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Video by Autodesk Inc. MEP design & detailing
  14. 14. 14 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 40% 35% 41% 47% 42% 48% 47% 43% 16% 37% 30% 53% 27% 31% 29% 25% 20% 18% 48% 14% 34% 34% 20% 27% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% INVESTMENT IN BIM – BASED WORKFLOWS current planned Reproduction from IDC InfoBrief, sponsored by Autodesk, Digital Transformation, The Future of connected construction, 2020 Software investments
  15. 15. 15 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 16% 9% 17% 16% 9% 12% 10% 12% 10% 9% 11% 11% Europe APJ Americas Organisational concerns in the construction industry by region Effectively managing risk Data security Competing projects on time and on budjet Workforce safety Reproduction from IDC InfoBrief, sponsored by Autodesk, Digital Transformation, The Future of connected construction, 2020 Top challenges worldwide
  16. 16. 16 BIM STANDARDS Image source: Autodesk Inc A NEW DIGITAL AGE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN GREECE THROUGH BIM
  17. 17. 17 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 USA GSA projects, design only FINLAND Public sector Norway Public sector Netherlands Public sector UAE International & large projects Hong Kong All new housing France 500.000 houses using BIM Standards for Infrastructure Singapore Large projects Sweden Transport projects Scotland Public sector South Korea Public sector United Kingdom Public sector China No mandates, BIM use is positively encouraged Germany Transport projects 2007 2010 2012 2014 2015 2017 20162020 BIM global adoption
  18. 18. 18 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM global adoption
  19. 19. 19 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Image adapted from : Handbook of the EU BIM Task Group The 4 pillars of BIM
  20. 20. 20 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Int. Standards (ISO) Regional Standards (e.g. EN) National Standards, e.g. BS Sponsored Standards – BSI PAS Private & Consortia standards Corporate Technical Specifications Professional Codes, Guidance, Best practice Source: UK BIM Alliance Private & professional standards, codes and guidance BSI, EN & ISO PAS route to national & international standards Standards in construction
  21. 21. 21 Why ISO BIM standards? HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION An ISO standard is a document that provides requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that are used to ensure consistently of materials, products, processes and services “ISO” is derived from the Greek word isos that means equal. Standards help the construction industry to make more effective and efficient projects by establishing processes for design, construction and manufacturing.
  22. 22. 22 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a set of technologies, processes and policies enabling multiple stakeholders to collaboratively design, construct and operate a Facility in virtual space. Similar: Virtual Design and Construction (VDC), Building Information Management, Building Information Modeling Source: BIM Dictionary, BIM Excellence BIM definition
  23. 23. 23 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Image source: PAS 1192-2 2013 BIM Level 2 UK BIM Level 2 BIM Level 3
  24. 24. 24 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ISO 19650 series
  25. 25. 25 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Why BIM benefits from an international standard? HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION BIM is used around the world in different construction markets and is not equally defined in terms of standards and implementation. An international standard would help the industry to agree on a common definition and process in order to increase the efficiency and quality of the implementation process.
  26. 26. 26 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 ▪ Common data environment ▪ Structured and unstructured information ▪ Federated information models (PIM, AIM) ▪ Standards ISO 19650 – 1, ISO 19650 -2 “BIM according to ISO 19650 series” Maturity of information management Increasingbenefitfromcollaboration Source: Reproduction of Maturity analogue, ISO 19650-1 Image: BIM Design Hub ISO BIM Maturity stages HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION is equivalent to Stage 2
  27. 27. 27 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM Maturity levels Image source: Arcadis
  28. 28. 28 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM collaborative working Image: BIM Design Hub
  29. 29. 29 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Source: ISO 19650, Images reproduction BIM Design Hub ISO 19650 concepts
  30. 30. 30 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Source: ISO 19650-1 Information delivery cycle What information is needed? Can my supply chain support it? Who delivers what and when? What are the information exchanges and how client decisions affect the process? What information do I know? What information do I need to manage the asset? 1 2 3 4 5 6
  31. 31. 31 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 GEOMETRY DATA BIM Industry foundation classes (IFC) file format BIM Exchange standard Name What it does IFC -Industry Foundation Classes Transports information or data IDM - Information Delivery Manual Describes processes MVD – Model View Definitions Translates processes into technical requirements BCF - BIM Collaboration Format Change coordination IFD / bsDD - Building Smart Dictionary Defines objects and their attributes Image: BIM Design Hub
  32. 32. 32 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Level of Information Need framework Source: Level of Information Need Framework, EN 17412(draft version)
  33. 33. 33 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Clear definition for the information Quantity & quality of information Efficient transfer of information Informed and timely decisions BIM according to ISO 19650
  34. 34. 34 BIM IMPLEMENTATION Image source: Autodesk Inc A NEW DIGITAL AGE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN GREECE THROUGH BIM
  35. 35. 35 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Crossing the Chasm, Geoffrey Moore, Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Technology-Adoption-Lifecycle.png Crossing the chasm
  36. 36. 36 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Three interlocking fields of activity, venn diagram, Image source: B.Succar / Automaton in Construction (2009) BIM filed players Three interlocking fields of activity, venn diagram, Image source: B.Succar / Automaton in Construction (2009)
  37. 37. 37 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM field players Field overlaps, Field interactions, Images source: B.Succar / Automaton in Construction (2009)
  38. 38. 38 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM Capability Sets SOFTWARE HARDWARE NETWORK ΒΙΜ capability sets, BIM Maturity Matrix, Images source: B.Succar / Automaton in Construction (2009)
  39. 39. 39 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Digitisation Process Technology Training Standarlisation Business drivers BIM implementation requirements
  40. 40. 40 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM Implementation strategy SMEs BIM knowledge Long term, short term strategy Financial support & Investment New business model, legal, security ORGANIZATION BIM team selection Current process analysis Training & processes (standards) Software & hardware PEOPLE, PROCESS TECHNOLOGY Bidding phase Execution phase Monitoring & controlling Handover feedbackfeedback BIM Implementation strategy Understanding Planning Executing, pilot STEP 1: STEP 2: STEP 3:
  41. 41. 41 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 www.bimdictionary.comBIM Dictionary HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION
  42. 42. 42 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM Foundations 1 ISO BIM training HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ✓CPD certified BIM Information management Digital construction & BIM Overview of BIM standards ISO BIM concepts & principles ✓In line with ISO 19650 Information management teams ISO BIM activities & tasks BIM Execution planning 2 BIM process key elements
  43. 43. 43 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 Autodesk online training HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION
  44. 44. 44 HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION ANEWDIGITALAGEFORTHECONSTRUCTIONINDUSTRYINGREECETHROUGHBIM2020 BIM services HOWBIM &DIGITALIZATION ISTRANSFORMINGCONSTRUCTION Project support BIM object creation BIM Object hosting Custom training solutions
  45. 45. 45 www.breakwithanarchitect.com w w w . b i m d e s i g n h u b . c o m i n f o @ b i m d e s i g n h u b . c o m ΤΗΑΝΚ ΥOU

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