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Introduction to Reading in Philippine History

G.E. Reading in Philippine History

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Introduction to Reading in Philippine History

  2. 2.  differentiate primary and secondary sources of historical records To understand the meaning of history as an academic discipline and to be familiar with the underlying philosophy and methodology of the discipline To examine and assess critically the value of historical evidences and sources To appreciate the importance of history in the social and national life of the Philippines LEARNING OBJECTIVES
  3. 3. Derived from the Greek word “historia” which means “knowledge acquired through inquiry or investigation” Also known as the study of the past DEFINITION HISTORY
  4. 4. Is the account of the past of a person or a group of people through written documents and historical evidences . DEFINITION OF HISTORY
  5. 5. History also focused on writing about wars, revolutions, and other important breakthroughs DEFINITION OF HISTORY
  6. 6. It means that unless a written document can prove a certain historical event, then it cannot be considered as a historical fact. NO DOCUMENT, NO HISTORY
  7. 7. Government Records Chronicle’s Accounts Personal Letters Family Tree Biography Receipts, etc. SOME VALID HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS
  8. 8. Restricting historical evidence as exclusively written is a discrimination against other social classes who were not recorded in paper. DISCRIMINATION IN THE VALIDITY OF HISTORY
  10. 10. What is history? Why study history? And history for whom? QUESTIONS ON HISTORY HISTORIOGRAPHY
  11. 11. Is the history of history It covers how historians have studied and developed history including its sources, techniques, and theoretical approaches HISTORIOGRAPHY
  12. 12. It should not be confused with History because history is the study of the past, the events that happened in the past. HISTORIOGRAPHY
  13. 13. It focuses on how a certain historical text was written, who wrote it, what was the context of its publication, what historical method was employed, what sources were used HISTORIOGRAPHY
  14. 14. Is the school of thought that emerged between the 18th and 19th century. This thought requires empirical and observable evidence before one can claim that a particular knowledge is true. POSITIVISM
  15. 15. Historians were required to show written primary documents in order to write a particular historical narrative. POSITIVISM
  16. 16.  Is the school of thought that emerged in the early 20th century when formerly colonized nations grappled with the idea of creating their identities and understanding their societies against the shadows of their colonial past. POST-COLONIALISM
  17. 17. Two Things in Writing History: 1. Tell the history of their nation that will highlight their identity free from that colonial discourse and knowledge POST-COLONIALISM
  18. 18. Two Things in Writing History: 2. To criticize the methods, effects, and idea of colonialism POST-COLONIALISM
  20. 20. Facts cannot speak for themselves. It is the historian’s job not just to seek historical evidences and facts but also to interpret them. It is their job to give meaning to these facts and organize them into timeline, establish causes, and write history. HISTORY AND THE HISTORIAN HISTORY AND THE HISTORIAN
  21. 21. It comprises certain techniques and rules that historians follow in order to properly utilize sources and historical evidences in writing history. HISTORICAL METHODOLOGY
  23. 23. Two Classification: 1. Primary Sources 2. Secondary Sources HISTORICAL SOURCES
  24. 24. Are those sources produced at the same time as the event, period, or subject being studied. PRIMARY SOURCES
  25. 25. Ex: (Commonwealth 1935) -Minutes - Newspaper clippings -Records - Photographs - Eyewitness(es) PRIMARY SOURCES PRIMARY SOURCES
  26. 26. Are those sources produced by an author who used primary sources to produce the material SECONDARY SOURCES
  27. 27. Ex: (Phil. Revolution 1935) -Teodoro Agoncillo’s Revolt of the Masses 1956 ) SECONDARY SOURCES
  28. 28. When examining a source, the historian must conduct: (a). External Criticism (b). Internal Criticism HISTORICAL SOURCES
  29. 29.  the practice of verifying the authenticity of evidence by examining the physical characteristics; consistency with the historical characteristic of the time when it was produced, and the materials used for the evidence EXTERNAL CRITICISM
  30. 30.  Is the examination of the truthfulness and factuality of the evidence. It looks at the content of the source and examines the circumstance of its production. It could be done by looking at the author, its context, agenda, the purpose behind its creation INTERNAL CRITICISM
  31. 31. Hoax Code of Kalantiaw - Ferdinand Marcos as WWII Soldier DECEPTION CASES IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY
  32. 32. The code was a set of rules contained in an epic Maragtas which was allegedly written by Datu Kalantiaw. The document was sold to National Library and was regarded as an important precolonial document HOAX CODE OF KALANTIAW
  33. 33. In 1968, an American historian William Henry Scott debunked the authenticity of the code due to lack of evidence to prove that the code existed in precolonial Philippine society. HOAX CODE OF KALANTIAW
  34. 34. This was widely believed by students of history and Marcos had war medals to show. This claim was disproven when historian counterchecked Marcos’s claims with the war records of the United States. FERDINAND MARCOS AS WORLD WAR II SOLDIER
  35. 35.  National Historical Commission  The NHCP undertakes the commemoration of significant events and personages in Philippine history and safeguard the blazoning of the national government and its political divisions and instrumentalities. Its five divisions are Finance and Administrative; Historic Preservation; Historic Sites and Education; Research, Publications and Heraldry; and Materials Research Conservation. HISTORICAL AGENCIES
  36. 36. National ARCHIVES 1st & 6th Floor, PPL Building, 1000, U.N. Avenue, corner, 1007 San Marcelino St, Manila, 1007 Metro Manila HISTORICAL AGENCIES
  37. 37. National Library HISTORICAL AGENCIES
  39. 39. Asuncion N,Cruz Geoffrey ( 2019) Reading in Philippine History ,C& E Publishing Inc.Manila PRIMARY SOURCES
  40. 40. Alporha V, Candelaria J L ( 2018) Reading in Philippine History,Rexbookstore ,Manila SECONDARY SOURCES

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G.E. Reading in Philippine History


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