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JOSE RIZAL: TRIAL, EXECUTION AND MARTYRDOM

G.E. -Rizla life,Works and Writings

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JOSE RIZAL: TRIAL, EXECUTION AND MARTYRDOM

  1. 1. Trial and Execution Josefino T. Larena, MPA,KCR
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes • Identify the accusations that led to Rizal trial and execution • Analyse the effects of Rizal’s trials and execution on Spanish colonial rule and the Philippine revolution
  3. 3. Rizal to free his motherland • Jose Rizal is regarded as one of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the attainment of the rights of the Filipinos of Philippine freedom
  4. 4. Death for the Motherland • Rizal’s death was considered as an impactful episode in Philippine history because it was not only the death of a martyr but also the birth of reforms in society and the transformation of the lives of Filipinos.
  5. 5. The Documentary • 1. The letters he wrote to the Propagandists and to his family, and the letters he received from them the poem and letter • A. Kundiman • B. A Masonic document honoring Rizal’s patriotic services C. Letter signed by Dimasalang ( Penn name of Rizal)
  6. 6. The Documentary • Other Evidence and Testimonials • A. Speech of Pingkian ( Pen name Emilio Jacinto) • B. Speech of Tik-tik ( Pen name of Jose Turiano Santiago) • C.Laong Laan ( Pen name of Jose Rizal) Himmo A Talisay
  7. 7. The Execution Of Rizal • At 6:30 a.m. on 30 December 1896, Jose Rizal, bound elbow- to-elbow, left Fort Santiago by foot for Bagumbayan field, accompanied by a bugler, a drummer and two Jesuit priests, Fr. Estanislao March and Fr. Jose Villaclara. They took the Paseo de Maria Cristina, now called Bonifacio Drive. Behind Rizal was his defense counsel Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade. A squad of soldiers surrounded them as they walked slowly. Upon reaching Bagumbayan field, Rizal placed himself in the middle of the square, filled with 400 men, with a band playing. • Eight native soldiers composed the firing squad. Behind them were eight Spanish soldiers with Mauser rifles, ready to shoot the native soldiers if they refused to shoot Rizal.
  8. 8. • The order to fire was given. Before the shots rang out, Rizal shouted,“Consumatum est!” (It is finished!). When the bullets hit their mark, Rizal made a last effort to turn around, thus, falling lifeless with his back on the ground, his face to the sky. Another soldier gave the body a “tiro de gracia” -- one last shot to make sure Rizal was dead. Shouts of “Viva Espana!” rent the air. The band of the regiment struck the first chords of “Marcha de Cadiz.” By 7:03 a.m. the execution was over.
  9. 9. • During the trial,Rizal defended himself when he that he said did not question the jurisdiction of the court. • Despite all pleadings ,this court voted for Rizal to be sentenced to death.
  10. 10. Last few hous in Fort Santiago • Rizal spent his 24hours in his prison cell • Hre wrote a letter to his “SECOND BROTHER” • Prof. Ferrdinand Blumentritt • Mercado family visited him
  11. 11. • Morning of December 30,1896 • Rizal set on his walk from Fort Santiago to Bagumbayan square
  12. 12. • Rizal wanted to do sea and turn his back against the firing squad to show his innocence of the charges thrown at him. • The Spanish Authorities forced him to face backwards and shot him at the back instead of the head .The shot at the back allowed him to turn his body sideways and fell on the ground with his face upward
  13. 13. The last word • Rizal ‘s last word as that of Jesus Christ,was “Consummatum EST” It is finished
  14. 14. “Mi Ultimo Adios” • Rizal Last Poem “Mi Ultimo Adios” ( My Last Farewell) • Pahimakas translated in Tagalog ni Gat. Andres Bonifacio
  15. 15. Execution and Legacy • After a show trial, Rizal was convicted of sedition and sentenced to death by firing squad. Rizal's public execution was carried out in Manila on December 30, 1896, when he was 35 years old. His execution created more opposition to Spanish rule.
  16. 16. Paco Cemetery
  17. 17. Rizal Facts • 1. On 29th December, 1896 when Rizal was notified of the Report (sentence by the Council of War), he refused to sign it stating that he was innocent of the charges against him and that he was not a Chinese mestizo as stated in the Report but an Indio. • 2. That it was a firing squad composed of eight native (Filipino) soldiers who shot Rizal at Babumbayan field.
  18. 18. Rizal Facts • 3. That he was not only shot once but twice. • 4. That a dog (mascot) ran around the lifeless body of Rizal, whining. • 5. That Rizal was buried at Paco Cemetery without a coffin. • 6. That it was only in 1911 during the American Occupation of the Philippines that Rizal’s remains where transferred to where a monument now stands in his honor.
  19. 19. funeral march of Rizal in 1912
  20. 20. Thank you

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  • CarlGutierrez5

    Sep. 17, 2020

G.E. -Rizla life,Works and Writings

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