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Rizal's Cultural Roots

G.E. Rizal Life,Works and Writing

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Rizal's Cultural Roots

  1. 1. Rizal Cultural Roots Josefino Tulabing Larena Jr.,KCR ,CPS,MPA
  2. 2. Table of Content • The Ascendance of the Chinese Mestizo • Agrarian Relations and the Friar Lands
  3. 3. THE ASCENDANCE OF THE CHINESE MESTIZO The significant roles of Chinese mestizo in Philippine history ,governance and economy .It also shows how the Chinese mestizos influenced the character of Rizal who has Chinese roots
  4. 4. Chinese History in the Philippines • 13th century the Chinese were already in the Philippine Archipelago • Chinese Merchants between the coasts of Manila and China
  5. 5. Chinese History in the Philippines • 1594 the Spanish Governor Luis Perez Dasmariñas created Binondo as a settlement for Chinese Mestizo
  6. 6. Chinese History in the Philippines • Binondo • It is the oldest Chinatown in the world, established in 1594 by the Spaniards as a settlement near Intramuros but across the Pasig River for Catholic Chinese, it was positioned so that colonial rulers could keep a close eye on their migrant subjects. It was already a hub of Chinese commerce even before the Spanish colonial period. Binondo is the center of commerce and trade of Manila, where all types of business run by Filipino- Chinese thrive.
  7. 7. Binondo Pre- War
  8. 8. Chinese Catholic Influence • St. Lorenzo Ruiz, the Filipino protomartyr • Venerable Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, founder of the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary.
  9. 9. Chinese History in the Philippines • In the early 17th century more than 100 chinese intermarriages to the native Filipinos in Iloilo,Pampanga, Negros and Cebu • Josefa & JAVIER FRANCISCO ELIGIO GONZALEZ Y SIOCO
  10. 10. Chinese History in the Philippines • Chinese in Dumaguete
  11. 11. Chinese History in the Philippines • Chinese in Dumaguete • This two noble Gentlemen are the modern Rizal of Dumaguete society. Many leaders of the Philippine Revolution themselves have substantial Chinese ancestry. These include Emilio Aguinaldo, Andrés Bonifacio, Marcelo del Pilar, Antonio Luna, José Rizal, and Manuel Tinio
  12. 12. Chinese History in the Philippines • 1741 Legal status was officially established
  13. 13. Chinese History in the Philippines • These classes are the • 1.Spaniards and Spanish mestizos • 2.Indios • 3.Chinese • 4. Chinese mestizos
  14. 14. Chinese History in the Philippines • 19th century Chinese mestizo • 1. any person born of a Chinese mestizo • 2. a spanish mestiza who married a chinese mestizo • 3.Chinese of a Spanish mestiza and a Chinese mestizo • 4. A Chinese mestiza and an Indio were listed as Indios
  15. 15. Sangley • Sangley is an archaic and derogatory term used in the Philippines beginning in the Spanish colonial period to describe and classify a person of mixed Chinese and Filipino ancestry (the latter were referred to as Indio). • Tsinoy (from the Spanish word Chino, and the word Pinoy) is also used to refer to a person of Chinese descent.
  16. 16. Significance of the Chinese Mestizo • 1. They carried on a lucrative commerce by collecting goods from North and selling them in Manila. • They monopolized the internal trading in the Philippines while the Spanish mestizos were concerned with foreign trade • by 1800s Chinese mestizos in the provinces began to form opinions regarding's the Spanish colonial rule.
  17. 17. Meet the Chinese Patriots of the Philippines • Many of these Katipuneros were of Chinese descent. A substantial section of colonial society were mestizos, born of mixed marriages between Chinese migrants and Filipino natives. These mestizos were educated, relatively middle class, and some were even versed in European liberalism, calling themselves ilustrados. It was ilustrados like Rizal and Del Pilar who inspired Andres Bonifacio to form the Katipunan.
  18. 18. Meet the Chinese Patriots of the Philippines Manuel Tinio Teodoro Sandiko
  19. 19. • Ramon Ongpin • Pedro Paterno
  20. 20. Chinese Mestizo during Negros Revolution Don Diego de la Viña
  21. 21. Agrarian Disputies
  22. 22. Brief History OF Friar Estates in the Philippines • The origin of the friar estates can be traced back to land grants awarded to the early Spanish conquistadores who arrived in the Philippines during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries
  23. 23. History of the Friar Lands • Approximately 120 Spaniards were granted either large tracts of land called sitio de ganado mayor or smaller tracts called caballerias.
  24. 24. • When the export of agricultural crops started to blossom in the 18th century, the “ inquilinato system” was put into place.In this system, one who rented land for a fixed annual amount , an inquilano also lease the land they were renting from the landlord to • Kasama or sharecropper who would them be responsible for cultivating the land.
  25. 25. Hacienda de Calamba Dispute • The Hacienda de Calamba was originally owned by a Spaniard who donated the land to Jesuit frairs to allow him to permanently stay in the Jesuit monastery. • The Jesuit were expelled from the Philippines • 1803 the land was sold to Don Clemente de Azansa • Afterhis death ,the family sold to the Dominican who claimed ownership until late 19th century
  26. 26. • Mercado family became one of the principal inquilinos of the hacienda for 380 hectares • However when conflicts on land ownership in the hacienda arose in 1883,the family evidently suffered
  27. 27. Thank you

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G.E. Rizal Life,Works and Writing

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