One of the greatest figures of wisdom and knowledge in
the Indian history is Chanakya. He is estimated to have
lived from 350 - 283 B.C. Chanakya is touted as the
"Pioneer Economist of India". Chanakya was the adviser
and Prime Minister of Emperor Chandragupta. Chanakya
was a professor at the University of Takshila (located in
present day Pakistan) and was an expert in commerce,
warfare, economics, etc. His famous works include
Chanakya Neeti, Arthashastra and Neetishastra. Read this
biography of Kautilya that covers his interesting life
Chanakya is also known by the name of Kautilya
and Vishnugupta as is mentioned in his text. His
famous work called Arthashastra is a classic
example of statecraft and politics and is read in
Europe even today. It basically consists of the
principles of politics and how the state works. An
able ruler has to be a ruthless leader to make sure
that the state works smoothly and efficiently. The
legends associated with Chanakya are very
interesting and provide a testimony of his
When Chanakya was born he had a full set of
teeth, which is a sign that he would become a
king or an emperor. But since he was born in
a Brahmin family, it was considered
inappropriate. Thus, his teeth were broken
and it was predicted that he would make
another person a king and rule through him.
Even as a child, Chanakya had the qualities of
a born leader. His level of knowledge was
beyond children of his age.
Chanakya was thrown out of the court of King Nanda as he was a blunt man and
spoke his mind clearly. Chanakya swore he would take revenge.
Chanakya comes across Chandragupta as a young child. Even at that age, he was a
born leader and showed the qualities of an able Emperor. He was the guiding
force behind Chandragupta and the vital person who made him an able Emperor.
Chanakya adds poison in little amounts daily in Chandragupta's food in order to
make him immune to poison, lest some enemy tries to poison him.
However Chandragupta was unaware about this and once gave a little food to his
wife who was in the ninth month of pregnancy. She didn't survive but Chanakya
cut open her belly and took out the baby.
This baby grew up to become an able emperor named Bindusara. He had a
minister named Subandhu who did not like Chanakya. He told Bindusara that
Chanakya had killed his mother.
Without assessing facts, Bindusara confronted Chanakya. On knowing the whole
story, he felt ashamed at his hasty actions and begged for forgiveness. He asked
Subandhu to go and apologize and make Chanakya come back.
Subandhu was very cunning and on the pretext of going to apologize to
Chanakya, he killed him. Thus, ended the life of a great person like Chanakya just
because of political rivalry.
"Learn from the mistakes of
others... you can't live long
enough to make them all
"दूसरो की गलतर्यों से सीखो अपने ही ऊपर
प्रयोग करके सीखने को र्ुम्हतरी आयु कम
"A person should not be too
honest. Straight trees are cut
first and Honest people are
"ककसी भी व्यक्तर् को बहुर् ईमतनदतर नहीं होनत चतहहए ---
सीधे वृक्ष और व्यक्तर् पहले कतटे जतर्े हैं."
“Even if a snake is not
poisonous, it should pretend to
"अगर कोई सपा जहरीलत नहीं है र्ब भी उस
जहरीलत हदखनत चतहहए वैसे डंस भले ही न दो
पर डंस दे सकने की क्षमर्त कत दूसरों को
अहसतस करवतर्े रहनत चतहहए.”
“There is some self-interest
behind every friendship.
There is no friendship without
This is a bitter truth."
"हर ममत्रर्त के पीछे कोई स्वतर्ा जरूर होर्त है --यह कडुआ
“Before you start some work, always ask
yourself three questions - Why am I doing it,
What the results might be and Will I be
successful. Only when you think deeply and
find satisfactory answers to these questions,
"कोई भी कतम शुरू करने के पहले र्ीन सवतल अपने आपसे
पूछो ---मैं ऐसत तयों करने जत रहत हूूँ ? इसकत तयत पररणतम
होगत ? तयत मैं सफल रहूूँगत ?"
"भय को नजदीक न आने दो
अगर यह नजदीक आये इस पर
हमला करदो यानी भय से भागो
मत इसका सामना करो.”
"As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and
“The world's biggest power is
the youth and beauty of a
"दुतनयत की सबसे बडी र्तकर् पुरुष कत वववेक और महहलत
की सुन्दरर्त है."
“Once you start a working on
something, don't be afraid of
failure and don't abandon it.
People who work sincerely
are the happiest."
"कतम कत तनष्पतदन करो, पररणतम से मर्
“The fragrance of flowers spreads
only in the direction of the wind.
But the goodness of a person
spreads in all direction."
"सुगंध कत प्रसतर हवत के रुख कत मोहर्तज़ होर्त
है पर अच्छतई सभी हदशतओं में फै लर्ी है."
“God is not present in
idols. Your feelings are
your god. The soul is your
"ईश्वर चचत्र में नहीं चररत्र में बसर्त है अपनी आत्मत को मंहदर बनतओ."
“A man is great by
deeds, not by birth."
"व्यक्तर् अपने आचरण से महतन होर्त है जन्म
Never make friends with people
who are above or below you in
status. Such friendships will
never give you any happiness."
"ऐसे व्यक्तर् जो आपके स्र्र से ऊपर यत नीचे के हैं
उन्हें दोस्र् न बनतओ,वह र्ुम्हतरे कष्ट कत कतरण
बनेगे. सतमतन स्र्र के ममत्र ही सुखदतई होर्े हैं ."
Treat your kid like a darling for the first five
years. For the next five years, scold them. By
the time they turn sixteen, treat them like a
friend. Your grown up children are your best
friends) "अपने बच्चों को पहले पाांच साल तक खूब
प्यार करो. छः साल से पांद्रह साल तक कठोर
अनुशासन और सांस्कार दो .सोलह साल से उनके
साथ ममत्रवत व्यवहार करो.आपकी सांततत ही आपकी
सबसे अच्छी ममत्र है."
Books are as useful to a
stupid person as a mirror is
useful to a blind person
"अज्ञतनी के मलए ककर्तबें और अंधे के मलए दपाण एक
सतमतन उपयोगी है.”
“Education is the Best Friend. An Educated
Person is Respected Everywhere. Education
beats the Beauty and the Youth."
"मशक्षत सबसे अच्छी ममत्र है. मशक्षक्षर् व्यक्तर् सदैव
सम्मतन पतर्त है. मशक्षत की शक्तर् के आगे युवत शक्तर्
और सौंदया दोनों ही कमजोर हैं ."