• A generalized definition of cyber crime
may be “ unlawful acts wherein the
computer is either a tool or target or
• “Any criminal activity that uses a
computer either as an instrumentality,
target or a means for perpetuating
further crimes comes within the ambit
of cyber crime”
• Cyber crime is known by lots of
different names, including computer
crime, e-crime, or electronic crime.
Hacking - Hacking in simple terms
means an illegal intrusion into a
computer system without permission
of computer owner/user. Hackers
write or use ready-made computer
programs to attack the target
Types of Cyber Crime
Virus Dissemination - Malicious software
that attaches itself to other software. (virus,
worms, Trojan Horse, Time bomb, Logic Bomb,
Rabbit and Bacterium are the malicious.
Cyber Pornography - This would include
pornographic websites; pornographic magazines
produced using computers. The Internet is being
highly used by its abusers to reach and abuse
children sexually, worldwide.
Intellectual Property Crimes - Intellectual
property (IP) crime is a generic term used to
describe a wide range of counterfeiting and
piracy offences. These include software piracy,
copyright infringement, trademarks violations,
theft of computer source code etc.
Software Piracy - Theft of software through
the illegal copying of genuine programs or
the counterfeiting and distribution of
products intended to pass for the original.
The unauthorized copying of software.
Email spoofing - A spoofed email is one that
appears to originate from one source but
actually has been sent from another source.
Cyber Stalking - The Oxford dictionary
defines stalking as "pursuing stealthily".
Cyber Stalking can be defined as the repeated
acts harassment or threatening behavior of
the cyber criminal towards the victim by using
Cyber Defamation - This occurs when
defamation takes place with the help of
computers and / or the Internet. Cyber
Defamation is a crime conducted in
cyberspace, usually through the Internet,
with the intention of defaming others.
Phishing - The e-mail directs the user to visit a
Web site where they are asked to update
personal information, such as passwords and
credit card, social security, and bank account
numbers, that the legitimate organization
already has .
Unauthorized access to computer
systems or networks
Theft of information contained in
Denial of Service attack
Virus / worm attacks
REASONS FOR CYBER
Capacity to store data in comparatively
Easy to access
Children and adolescents between the
age group of 6 – 18 years
Professional hackers / crackers
PREVENTION OF CYBER
Frequent password changing.
Frequent virus checks.
Always keep a watch on the sites that your children are
accessing to prevent any kind of harassment or
depravation in children
Cyber crime is a multi-billion dollar
problem. It is criminals
activity committed on internet. This is a
broad term that
describes everything from electronic
cracking to denial of
service attacks that cause electronic
commerce sites to loss