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Introduction to Nursing Research

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Introduction to Nursing Research

  1. 1. Introduction in Nursing Research
  2. 2. Definition of Nursing Research -Nursing research worldwide is committed to rigorous scientific inquiry that provides a significant body of knowledge to advance nursing practice, shape health policy, and impact the health of people in all countries. The vision for nursing research is driven by the profession's mandate to society to optimize the health and well-being of populations (American Nurses Association, 2003; International Council of Nurses, 1999).
  3. 3. The Importance of Nursing Research in Nursing • Nurses ask questions aimed at gaining new knowledge to improve patient care. • Research-based (evidence based) practice = integrating research findings into clinical decision making
  4. 4. • Accountability for care-related decisions; research expands nursing practice • Reinforce identity of nursing as a profession – knowing/ understanding pts. health care experience
  5. 5. Roles of Nurses in Research • Preparing trial protocols and other trial-related documentation. • Submitting study proposals for regulatory approval. • Coordinating the initiation management . • Completion of the research.
  6. 6. • Collecting and recording pertinent data
  7. 7. Evolution of Nursing Research
  8. 8. • Research in nursing began with Florence Nightingale. Her Notes on nursing (1859) , describes her early interest in environmental factors that promote physical and emotional wellbeing.
  9. 9. 1900’s • American journal of nursing has published on 1900’s • 1900, Most studies focused on nursing education like educational preparation and clinical experience of nursing students • International Journal of Nursing and Canadian Journal of Nursing published in 1963
  10. 10. 1970’s • By the 1970’s ,the number of nurse’s conducted research studies emerged. • 1970s , nursing research from areas such as teaching, curriculum, and nurse’s themselves to the improvement of client care, practice.
  11. 11. 1980’s • Availability of computers for the collection and the analysis of information • The first volume of the Annual Review of Nursing Research was published in 1983. These annual reviews include summaries of current research evidence on selected areas of research practice and encourage utilization of research findings • In 1986 of the National Centre for Nursing Research (NCNR)at the National Institute of Health(NIH) is established.
  12. 12. 1990’s • In 1993, the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) was born. • In 1986 ,the NCNR had a budget of 16$ million , whereas in fiscal year 1999, the budget for NINR had grown to about $70 million
  13. 13. Cont’d. • Journals were established during the 1990s in response to the growth in clinically oriented research and interest in EBP among nurses , including clinical nursing research ,clinical effectiveness, and outcomes management for nursing practice. • The priorities established by CORP in 1994included low birth weight , human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, long-term care , symptom management ,nursing informatics, health promotion.
  14. 14. Purposes of Nursing Research • Provide a scientific basis for the nursing profession. • Develop and evaluate new techniques for delivering patient care that is vital to patient’s health needs.
  15. 15. • Develop tools for assessing the effectiveness of nursing interventions. • Provide solutions to problems concerning health maintenance, health delivery and health care.
  16. 16. • Help determine the areas of need relative to nursing practices such as patient-teaching and nurse-patient relationships. • Develop and evaluate alternative approaches to nursing education that would enable that student to gain broad knowledge and specialized skills for safe practice.
  17. 17. • To prepare oneself to be a diligent practitioner of research.
  18. 18. “As science unfolds and expands man's concept of the boundaries of medicine, we can expect that this will cause considerable and important leaps in the area of health and treatments.”
  19. 19. “Scientific progress and discovery means less disease, fewer illnesses, more vaccines, and a better quality of life for the community as a whole.”
  20. 20. Sources: • http://www.aacn.nche.edu/publications/position/n ursing-research • http://nursingfile.com/nursing- research/characteristics-and-purpose-of-nursing- research.html • http://www.researchinfoonline.com/nursing- research.html • http://www.slideshare.net/jollymathews/historical -development-of-nursing-research • http://www.ijnonline.com/index.php/ijn

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