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Brand loyalty, Brand relationship 
and Brand equity
Brand loyalty 
• When consumers become committed to a brand and make repeat purchases 
2 
over time. 
• Brand loyalty is a...
Factors affecting brand loyalty 
 Different measurements of brand attitude and purchase habits are expressed by 
3 
brand...
4 
 Brand loyalty is determined by several distinct psychological processes of 
the consumers and entails multivariate me...
Benefits from brand loyalty 
5 
 Dramatic effects on profitability 
 Longer tenure as a customer 
 Lower sensitivity to...
Multidimensional theory of brand loyalty 
6 
 Multidimensional theory is determined by several distinct psychological 
pr...
Brand relationship 
7 
 A consumer brand relationship also known as a brand relationship, is the 
relationship that consu...
Different concepts of brand relationship 
8 
 Brand attachment : it is define as “the emotional connection between 
human...
 Brand community : A brand community is a community formed on the basis of 
9 
attachment to a product. 
 Recent develop...
 Brand hate : Brand hate, a new marketing construct that assesses consumers’ 
10 
negative attachment to a brand, can be ...
Brand equity 
11 
 Brand equity is a phrase used in the marketing industry which 
describes the value of having a well-kn...
Advantages 
 Allow you to charge a price premium compared to competitors with less brand 
12 
equity. 
 Strong brand nam...
13 
 High Brand Equity makes sure your products are included in most 
consumers’ consideration set. 
 Your brand can be ...
How to Measure Brand Equity 
 To measure the value (utility) of a product’s features and price level and also 
14 
measur...
15
16 
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Brand loyalty, Brand Relationship and Brand Equity - Introduction to Branding

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In this session, student will study about brand loyalty, band equity, its relationship and how its existence influences the products demand.

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Brand loyalty, Brand Relationship and Brand Equity - Introduction to Branding

  1. 1. 1 Brand loyalty, Brand relationship and Brand equity
  2. 2. Brand loyalty • When consumers become committed to a brand and make repeat purchases 2 over time. • Brand loyalty is a result of consumer behaviour and is affected by a person's preferences. • Loyal customers will consistently purchase products from their preferred brands, regardless of convenience or price. • Companies will often use different marketing strategies to cultivate loyal customers, be it is through loyalty programs i.e. rewards programs
  3. 3. Factors affecting brand loyalty  Different measurements of brand attitude and purchase habits are expressed by 3 brand loyalty.  The distribution decision of the company is also valuable element  It is very important to provide the product to the consumer at convince place.  Brand loyalty has been defined as an attitudinal and behavioural concept  Relationship between brand loyalty & uniqueness that was not statistically significant indicating that the business people should not focus their efforts on the uniqueness of the brand name because this factor does not affect brand loyalty at all.
  4. 4. 4  Brand loyalty is determined by several distinct psychological processes of the consumers and entails multivariate measurements.  Product features (Fragrance / Skin care / Germ fight features / Colour) is one of the most important factors that affect brand loyalty.
  5. 5. Benefits from brand loyalty 5  Dramatic effects on profitability  Longer tenure as a customer  Lower sensitivity to price increases
  6. 6. Multidimensional theory of brand loyalty 6  Multidimensional theory is determined by several distinct psychological processes and it entails multivariate measurements.  Simple measurement in terms of frequency and pattern of repeated brand purchase behaviour is not sufficient to fully represent the brand loyalty construct.  In fact it drastically limits the realm of products and services in which brand loyalty exists but cannot be measured by repeated observations.  For example, in the case of once-in-a-lifetime consumer decisions for housing and mobility behaviours.
  7. 7. Brand relationship 7  A consumer brand relationship also known as a brand relationship, is the relationship that consumers, think, feel, and have with a brand.  Brand relationship is the interactions between a brand and a customer  It reflect similar characteristics of relationships between people, such as love, connection, interdependence, intimacy, and commitment.
  8. 8. Different concepts of brand relationship 8  Brand attachment : it is define as “the emotional connection between humans and brands.”  Thus, just as people can be attached to a person, they can also by and for a host of reasons become attached to a brand.  Three elements into the forming of a brand attachment are:  Affection: (They got me with their names.)  Connection: (with their sustainable practices)  Passion: (for my favourite flavours)
  9. 9.  Brand community : A brand community is a community formed on the basis of 9 attachment to a product.  Recent developments in marketing and in research in consumer behaviour result in stressing the connection between brand, individual identity and culture
  10. 10.  Brand hate : Brand hate, a new marketing construct that assesses consumers’ 10 negative attachment to a brand, can be considered as the ‘‘dark side’’ of consumer preferences  Brand hate can be a serious risk for companies, since it can damage the brand image and reputation of the company.  Brand engagement : it is the process of forming an emotional or rational attachment between a person and a brand.  Engagement with the brand means real emotional engagement with the brand should be the ultimate objective  consumers “see” the brand as better meeting the expectations they hold for the Ideal in the category where the brand competes.
  11. 11. Brand equity 11  Brand equity is a phrase used in the marketing industry which describes the value of having a well-known brand name  It is based on the idea that the owner of a well-known brand name can generate more money from products with that brand name than from products with a less well known name  A brand's power derived from the goodwill and name recognition that it has earned over time, which translates into higher sales volume and higher profit margins against competing brands
  12. 12. Advantages  Allow you to charge a price premium compared to competitors with less brand 12 equity.  Strong brand names simplify the decision process for low cost and non-essential products.  Brand name can give comfort to buyers unsure of their decision by reducing their perceived risk.  Maintain higher awareness of your products.  Use as leverage when introducing new products.  Often interpreted as an indicator of quality.
  13. 13. 13  High Brand Equity makes sure your products are included in most consumers’ consideration set.  Your brand can be linked to a quality image that buyers want to be associated with.  It can lead to greater loyalty from customers. Offer a strong defence against new products and new competitors.  It can lead to higher rates of product trial and repeat purchasing due to buyers’ awareness of your brand, approval of its image/reputation and trust in its quality.
  14. 14. How to Measure Brand Equity  To measure the value (utility) of a product’s features and price level and also 14 measure the overall utility of a product when including brand name.  The difference between total utility and the utility of the product features is the value of the brand.  In other situations, the utility of the brand is measured directly and added to the feature utilities to produce an overall utility for the product.  Besides utilities, contributing factors such as current awareness levels of each Brand, overall perceptions of each Brand, and Brands currently used should be measured
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  16. 16. 16 Thank you

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