S+V = 1 clause (1 ใจความ)
S+V & S+V = 2 clauses (2 ใจความ)
▶️ He is hungry and tired.
▶ He is hungry. + He is tired.
▶️ Tom talked about the new product and
Tim talked about the new office in
▶ Tom talked about the new product. +
▶ Tim talked about the new office.
and but or so
▶ She is tired and hungry.
▶ She is both tired and hungry.
✏️ คาเชื่อม (Conjunction) เรียกว่า Coordinating Conj.
▶️ We found both our tickets and our money.
and, both … and
▶ He swims, but he doesn’t play tennis.
▶ I live in Bangkok, but I work in Nonthaburi.
▶ I’m tired, so I’m going to bed.
▶ They were late, so they missed the
▶️ She is French or British.
▶ John’s brother is either a footballer or an
or, either … or
▶️ You can either go to Chatuchak weekend
market by BTS or MRT.
▶️ Prakorn isn’t coming. + Suree isn’t
▶ Neither Prakorn nor Suree is coming.
neither … nor negative +
✏️ Put but or so in the gaps.
1.️ The restaurant is very expensive,
____ the food is terrible.
____ only rich people go there.
2.️ I’m studying hard,
____ I don’t have much free time.
____ I’m not making much progress.
✏️ Combine these sentences with both … and.
1.️ Suree owns a shop.
She owns a restaurant.
_________________________________________.Suree owns both a shop and a restaurant.
2.️ They play tennis.
They play basketball.
_________________________________________.They play both tennis and basketball.
✏ Now combine these sentences with either … or.
1.️ His mother is a doctor.
His mother is a dentist.
2.️ The winner is Wilai.
The winner is Wipa.
His mother is either a doctor or a dentist.
The winner is either Wilai or Wipa
✏️ Combine these sentences with neither … nor.
1.️ The bus didn’t arrive on time.
The train didn’t arrive on time.
_________________________________________.Neither the bus nor the train arrived on time.
2.️ Supa doesn’t play tennis.
Malee doesn’t play tennis.
_________________________________________.Neither Supa nor Malee plays tennis.