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Why is DDS the Right Technology for the Industrial Internet?


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GE, Cisco, AT&T, Intel and IBM recently established the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) at the Object Management Group (OMG) standards body. OMG is the world's largest system software standards organization, responsible for the UML modeling language and DDS data-centric middleware standards. Attend this webinar and find out how DDS can drive the Industrial Internet. At the OMG, the IIC will focus on standards relevant to the Industrial Internet, the branch of the Internet of Things that enables intelligent distributed machines. The IIC will break down technology silos to improve integration of the physical and digital worlds. RTI, the market-leading DDS vendor, provides the key communications infrastructure that enables smart machines in the Industrial Internet. This webinar will review the technology and examine real-world use cases for RTI DDS in the Industrial Internet across several industries, including medical, energy, aviation and automotive.

Speaker: Dr. Stan Schneider, Chief Executive Officer, RTI

Stan Schneider is a recognized expert in the development and integration of distributed real-time systems. He founded RTI to develop productivity tools for the real-time marketplace. Under his guidance, RTI has grown from inception to a multinational business with offices throughout North America and Europe.

Stan completed his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Stanford University. He holds a BS in Applied Mathematics (Summa Cum Laude) and an MS in Computer Engineering from the University of Michigan.

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Why is DDS the Right Technology for the Industrial Internet?

  1. 1. Your systems. Working as one. Why is DDS the Right Technology for the Industrial Internet? The Real-Time Communications Platform for the Internet of Things™
  2. 2. The Internet of Things © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  3. 3. 2014 Top Tech Trends • 1) Internet of Things • The IoT promises to be the most disruptive technological revolution since the advent of the World Wide Web. Projections indicate that up to 100 billion uniquely identifiable objects will be connected to the Internet by 2020, with enormous technical, socioeconomic, political, and even spiritual consequences. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  4. 4. What is the Internet of Things? • Cisco “Internet of Everything” – …the latest wave of the Internet -- connecting physical objects…to provide better safety, comfort, and efficiency • IBM “Internet of Things” – …a completely new world-wide web, one comprised of the messages that digitally empowered devices would send to one another. It is the same Internet, but not the same Web. • GE “Industrial Internet” – …convergence of machine and intelligent data…to create brilliant machines • RTI “Your Systems. Working as One.” – RTI exists to enable and realize the potential of smart machines to serve mankind… The IoT is as profound as the cell network, GPS, or the Internet itself. The Internet of Things and the Intelligent Systems it enables will fundamentally change our world. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  5. 5. The Future of Intelligent Machines © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  6. 6. The OMG’s Industrial Internet Consortium • OMG manages the IIC • Goal is to bring standards clarity to the Industrial Internet • 5 large company founders, led by GE • RTI is an IIC launch member & on OMG board © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  7. 7. The DDS Standard • Data Distribution Service from OMG • OMG: world’s largest systems software standards org – 470+ members – UML, DDS, SysML, MoDAF, DoDAF, more • DDS: open & cross-vendor – Standard API enables choice of middleware – Standard wire spec enables subsystem physical interoperability – 12 implementations © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Cross-vendor source portability Cross-vendor interoperability DDS-RTPS Protocol Real-Time Publish-Subscribe Distribution Fabric DDS API
  8. 8. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  9. 9. DDS: The Software DataBus • Data centric – Like a database for moving data • Decouples modules – Like SOA • Plug and play flexibility – Like a hardware bus • Peer-to-peer performance – Like streaming protocols • Standards-based interoperability – Like TCP/IP © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Data-Centric Messaging Bus Scalable, high performance, reliable infrastructure DataBus™
  10. 10. Amazingly Functional! • Reliable Operation • Real-Time Delivery • System of Systems Integration • Connect any OS, Language, Transport • Crisp Interface Design • Easy Tech Upgrades • Multi-Channel Flow • Plug & Play Discovery • Open Architecture • Wireless Links • Fine-Grain Security • Physics-Speed Response • Scalability • Database Integration • High Throughput • Hyper-Efficient Filtering • Reliable Uptime • System Evolution Support • Small Device Connection • Safety-Critical Certification • Large Fan In/Out • Real-Time and IT Integration • Standards Based © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  11. 11. Smart Machines in the IIoT • Defense • Unmanned Vehicles • Transportation • Industrial • Healthcare • Energy • Communications © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  12. 12. Zumwalt DDG 1000 • Raytheon uses RTI middleware to control the new Zumwalt DDG 1000 destroyer • RTI DDS coordinates and manages complex, diverse onboard hardware and software systems • RTI connects hundreds of computers, thousands of applications, and more than 10m publish-subscribe pairs • RTI middleware extends real-time scalability © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  13. 13. Avionics Upgrades • Boeing’s AWACS provides airborne surveillance, command & control for battle management • Then AWACS upgrade design is more open and supportable • Open and extensible middleware lowers maintenance cost © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  14. 14. Critical Energy Infrastructure • RTI middleware controls the 6.8 GW Grand Coulee Dam – Largest power plant in North America – Fastest-responding major power source on the Western Grid – Requires 24x7 operation • RTI met the challenges – Extreme availability – Wide area communications – Multi-level routing – High security – 300k data values • RTI system live now © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  15. 15. Distributed Power Generation • Siemens Wind Power fields farms of 500 turbines with 100m blades • DDS enables fast control within turbines and distributed gust mitigation across the array • RTI will also integrate with predictive maintenance and business diagnostics • RTI melds real-time with IT © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  16. 16. Smart Grid Distribution and Control • MicroGrids connect generation, load, and storage to optimize usage and eliminate traditional grid infrastructure • Deploying at Toronto Hydro • Connext™ DDS middleware seamlessly integrates apps, enforces security, merges NI LabVIEW © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  17. 17. Smart MicroGrid Control © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Neighborhood MicroGrid Solar Field Network Wind Local load control Industrial MicoGrid Solar Field Network Diesel Local load control Central Office & Grid Infrastructure Backhaul Network Plant MicoGrid Load Estimat orField Network Phase control SCADA
  18. 18. Mining: Harsh Environment • Joy Mining is the world’s largest mining equipment manufacturer • DDS connects the controller, operator GUI, and historian • Reliable, fast connectivity enables control, debugging, and system health monitoring for continuous mining © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  19. 19. Industrial Automation • Schneider is a global factory automation manufacturer • RTI eases PLC integration, provides up-to-the- minute data • Works with limited memory and processing power on PLCs • RTI middleware connects factory PLCs and IT systems © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  20. 20. Large SCADA Systems • NASA KSC’s new Constellation launch control SCADA system • RTI delivered 300k points, at 400k msgs/sec with 5x the required throughput, at 1/5 the needed latency • NASA mitigated risk by parallel-tracking multiple DDS vendors • RTI connects thousands of sensors and actuators © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  21. 21. Asset Tracking: Fit to Architecture • The US Army Blue Force Tracker (JBC-P) must process 200,000+ tracks. • Transactional design was: – 1.5m SLOC – 12,000 tracks – 11 servers w/88 cores • The DDS design is: – 50k SLOC – 250,000 tracks – 80% of a single core – Fully redundant – Reliable multicast © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  22. 22. Rail Tracking • Wi-Tronix systems wirelessly monitor high- value mobile assets such as locomotives, industrial equipment and marine vessels • RTI addressed critical issues such as optimized flow and discovery process over a wireless network • RTI middleware works effectively over lossy wireless networks © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  23. 23. EMS Device Integration Platform • The largest EMS equipment provider supplies emergency response equipment to 60% of the world’s emergency vehicles • Uses RTI middleware for mobile device bus, in-vehicle platform, cloud connectivity © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  24. 24. Vehicle-Cloud-Destination Integration © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Connecting devices with hospitals to provide better treatment while en-route 4G/LTE
  25. 25. Inter-Vehicle Communications • Exelis (ITT) C4i provides command and control systems for military and civilian agencies (fire/police/emergency response) • RTI Connext DDS connects GUIs to servers that route voice and video • RTI met the critical needs: scalability, routing, recording © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  26. 26. Medical Imaging • Coordination – ECG sync – Generator – Scanner – Power – Servo • Burst image data acquisition • Control & monitoring – Systems ready for scan – Status during scan • Operator interface • Integration – Many languages, OS, data models – Data archiving © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  27. 27. Device Connection for Patient Safety • Hospital error is the 6th leading cause of preventable death • DocBox integrates devices to improve patient safety • RTI Connext ties together devices, services, and displays in real time © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. “RTI Connext DDS met all our needs – whether we’re handling 12 patients, or 200.” -- DocBox Founder, Tracy Rausch
  28. 28. Hospital: System of Systems Integration • Hospital net challenge – 1000s of patients, >100k devices – Wired/wireless/ISM – Moving patients – 100% uptime, security – Real-time waveforms • DDS technology – Data centric addressing – Smart data filtering – Routed deployment – Optimized updates – Automated test harness © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  29. 29. Surgical Systems • The Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery (MIRS) system at DLR coordinates three robots to perform delicate heart surgery. • The system closes a distributed loop between the robots and the remote surgeon’s control at 3kHz. • RTI enables new medical techniques © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  30. 30. Surgical Theatre Integration © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Operating Room Domain High-Speed DataBus Xray UltrSnd ProbeVid Image Fusion Instrument Integration Room Control Surgeon Display Data Storage EHR ECG PxR SpO2 Down Sample Graphics System GPU Graphics System GPU Tablet Tablet TabletRemote Monitors WirelessDataBus
  31. 31. Advanced Proton Therapy • Mevion’s Proton- Beam Radiation Therapy system zaps tumors with accelerated protons • The treatment must be continuous for 30- 40 days; downtime endangers treatment success • With DDS, Mevion’s PBRT delivers dependable treatment at low cost © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. First patient treated Dec 2013, Siteman Cancer Center, St. Louis
  32. 32. PBRT Data Challenges • Supercon- ducting synchro- cyclotron control • Coordinate – Imaging – Patient positioning – Treatment – Machine control – Hazard mitigation © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  33. 33. Smart Cars • The VW Driver Assistance and Integrated Safety system combines radars, laser range finders, and video to assist safe operation • It helps avoid obstacles, detect lane departures, track eye activity, and safely negotiate bends • Advanced safety systems must connect to existing hardware. RTI middleware bridges high speed networking to the CAN bus © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  34. 34. Distributed Test • A modern car contains 100+ CPUs • Audi uses hardware-in- the-loop simulation to feed realistic data to components in a lab for testing • RTI middleware enables a modular test environment that scales to work with hundreds of devices © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  35. 35. Pilotless Airplanes • RTI leads in defining a standard architectures for unmanned vehicles and avionics • RTI chairs the architecture for UCS (ground stations) and is key at FACE (avionics) • RTI is building a DO178C-level A safety-certified DDS © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  36. 36. Air Traffic Control: 24x7 Operation DDS was selected for its extensive compliance with the Object Management Group (OMG) DDS standard; its high security rating; its wide support of tools and programming languages, and its reputation for performance, scalability, and 24/7 reliability – Sid Koslow, Chief Technology Officer, NAV CANADA. © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Air Traffic Control for Canada 2nd largest ANSP in the world 80 sites
  37. 37. Airport Control Airport Area Bus Radar Radar Radar Controller Displays Sensor Fusion Logging Collision Detection Flight processing Air Traffic Control © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Inter-CenterBus
  38. 38. Is DDS for You? © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  39. 39. Types of Middleware © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Point-to-Point Client/Server Brokered ESB Daemon Publish/Subscribe Data-Centric Publish/Subscribe (DCPS) Data-Centric DataBus Queuing
  40. 40. Message Centric Approach • Traditional middleware exchanges messages • Infrastructure is unaware of the content • Developers write applications that send messages between participants © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Popular standards: JMS API; AMQP wire spec
  41. 41. Data Centric Approach • Data-centric middleware maintains state • Infrastructure manages the content • Developers write applications that read and update a virtual global data space © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Persistence Service Recording Service Source (Key) Wind Power Phase WPT1 37.4 122.0 -12.20 WPT2 10.7 74.0 -12.23 WPTN 50.2 150.1 -11.98 Popular standards: DDS API, wire spec
  42. 42. Data Centric Communications © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. x=12.3 Open z=7.3 Alarm P=on x=12.3 Open z=7.3 Alarm P=on x=12.3Openz=7.3AlarmP=on OpenAlarm
  43. 43. Coupling • Verb-based: applications interact with each other • Noun-based: applications interact with data model © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Set B3 to 27 B3
  44. 44. Managing State is Critical • Data centric – Single version of truth enables interoperation – Content-aware infrastructure eases integration – Clear rules for access, changes, updates tame complexity • Technologies – Database – Data-centric middleware © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  45. 45. DDS: Distribute Device Data © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Real-Time Analytics & Control Operator HMI Sensors Actuators Inter-vehicle / Hwy / Cloud Integration Data Distribution Service (DDS)
  47. 47. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 AverageLatency(Microseconds) Throughput (Messages per Seconds) 1 (1 per CPU and NIC) 20 (1 per CPU and NIC) 40 (1 per CPU, 2 per NIC) Performance Under Load • Reliable multicast • Fully meshed, reliable Number of Subscribers Orders of magnitude faster than IT solutions Fastest DDS solution Comprehensive results online at© 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  48. 48. Reliable Multicast 1  ~1000 subscribers, < 15% throughput decrease 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 MessagesperSecond PerSubscriber(200Bytes) 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 Number of Subscribers • Millions of data elements • .5m updates/sec (batched) • 10s µs latency • 1000s of consumers © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  49. 49. How to Choose? © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  50. 50. Identify Your Primary Challenge © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Web Services and Business Apps Devices and Intelligent Systems Control: DDS Access: XMPP, REST Collect: MQTT, CoAP Process: AMQP
  51. 51. Choose DDS If… • Disaster if offline for 5 minutes? • Measure performance in ms or us? Or scale >100+ applications? Or 10k+ data values? • Code active lifetime >3 yrs? • 2 or 3 => DDS © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Control: DDS
  52. 52. Unit DataBus Unit DataBus End-to-End DataBus • Connect… – Fast – Seamless – QoS controlled – Secure – Data centric • …80 Platforms… – Micro controllers – Certified systems – Embedded – Mobile – Desktop – Cloud • …over 12 Transports – UDP or TCP – D/TLS (secure) – Wireless or wired – Shared memory – Backplane – Cloud virtual connect © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Intelligent Machines Intelligent Systems Intelligent Industrial Internet Cloud DataBus Site DataBus Intelligent System of Systems Unit DataBus Sense Act Think HMI Machine DataBus Think HMI Machine DataBus Sense Act Think HMI Machine DataBus
  53. 53. Strive For: One Logical Dataspace… © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. DDS DataBus Sensors Actuators Analytics & Control HMI/UI IT, Cloud & SoS Connectivity
  54. 54. …Hiding Complex Network Topologies © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. ActuatorsSensors Analytics, control HMI ActuatorsSensors Analytics, control HMI ActuatorsSensors Analytics, control HMI Analytics, control HMI Centralized analytics Decentralized devices, streaming analytics and control
  55. 55. Integrate to Complete System • Routing Technologies – ESBs (Camel) – Real-Time (DDS Routing Service) © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. MQTT Web Field Busses AMQPJMS TCP Routing Service Pluggable Adapters Transformation Engine Database Historian DDS Databus DDS Databus
  56. 56. Example Protocol Challenges in Power © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Grid Control Optimize BillingBalance Grid Collect Meter Data Turn My Lights Off Manage Loading Distributed Control SCADA Control Device Service REST CoAP
  57. 57. About RTI • Market Leader – Over 70% DDS mw market share1 – Largest embedded middleware vendor2 – 2013 Gartner Cool Vendor for technology and Open Community Source model • Standards Leader – Active in 15 standards efforts – OMG Board of Directors – DDS authors, chair, wire spec, security, more • Real-Time Pedigree – Founded by Stanford researchers – High-performance control, tools history • Maturity Leader – ~700 designs; by far the most-used DDS – Used in TRL 9 systems © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. 1Embedded Market Forecasters 2VDC Analyst Report
  58. 58. Critical Infrastructure Trusts RTI • World’s largest Wind Power company • World’s largest Underground Mining Equipment company • World’s largest Navy (all surface ships) • World’s largest Automotive company • World’s largest Emergency Medical System company • World’s largest Medical Imaging provider • World’s 2nd largest Patient Monitoring manufacturer • World’s 2nd largest Air Traffic control system • World’s largest Flight Simulator company • World’s largest Broadcast Video Equipment manufacturer • World’s largest Launch Control System • World’s largest Telescope (under construction) • World’s 5th-largest Oil & Gas company • World’s 6th-largest power plant (largest in US) • All of world’s top ten defense companies © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc. Over $1 trillion relies on RTI
  59. 59. The Future is Now © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.
  60. 60. For More Information © 2014 Real-Time Innovations, Inc.