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Wildlife and Transportation of Africa


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Africa straddles the equator which bestows a rich diversity of wildlife and landscapes on the world's second largest continent. Large predators roam the sweeping savannas among huge herds of grazing herbivores, while apes, monkeys and snakes inhabit its dark, dense forests. Widely regarded as the place where human life originated, Africa is home to many of the world's best loved and most fascinating animals, as well as to some of its most endangered.

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Wildlife and Transportation of Africa

  1. 1. Prepared By Ronnith Nandy
  2. 2. Introduction Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent. At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of its total land area. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
  3. 3. Air Transport Airlines flourished because, in many African countries, road and rail networks are not well developed due to financial issues, terrain, and rainy seasons. Africa had about 4,000 airports and airfields. Only 117 of Africa’s airports are classified as international airports. Airlines, like Air Afrique, were jointly sponsored by multiple governments. Joint carriers, such as Central African Airways, East African Airways, and West African Airways, were established when the United Kingdom colonized parts of Africa.[
  4. 4. Water Transport Inland water transport: This covers transport on rivers, lakes, lagoons and canals. Some of the large rivers and lakes in different parts of the world are important mean of transportation. Ocean transport: This means of transport carries much of the world's trade. There are various vessels used. E.g. Cargo Liners, Passenger Liners, Tramp Steamers, Oil Tankers and Refrigerated Ships, Naval Vessels Lakes used for transport included, lake victoria in East Africa, the Great Lakes of North Africa, Lake Malawi in southern Africa, Lake Chad in West Africa, etc.
  5. 5. Land Transport Road transport is the most dominant mode of motorized transport in Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the goods traffic and 90 per cent of the passenger traffic on the continent. African countries together have about 2.06 million km of roads The continent had a total railway network of 90,320 km
  6. 6. Wildlife of Equatorial ForestsThe rainforests have Africa's richest assortment of animals. A four-mile patch of rainforest could contain up to 400 species of birds, 150 species of butterflies and 60 species of amphibians!
  7. 7. Wildlife of Savanna Many animals live in savannas, from invertebrates (like grasshoppers, termites, and beetles) to large mammals (like lions and leopards). The animals that live in savannas have adapted to a great deal of variability in the food supply throughout the year
  8. 8. Wildlife of Tropical Deserts The harsh conditions found in the Sahara Desert have also played a role in the presence of animal life in the Sahara Desert. In the central and driest part of the desert there are around 70 different animal species, 20 of which are large mammals like the spotted hyena. Gerbil, sand fox and Cape hare plus Reptiles like the sand viper and the monitor lizard are present in the
  9. 9. Wildlife of Mediterranean CoastThe Mediterranean woodlands and forests were home to a large variety of large mammals. Unfortunately, many of those (especially the large predators) has disappeared as a result of human influences. Examples of large mammals Mediterranean woodlands and forests of North Africa are the Egyptian wolf, the Atlas bear, the Barbary lion and the Barbary leopard
  10. 10. Wildlife of Temperate GrasslandsTemperate grasslands are home to many large herbivores. Some of these include bison, gazelles, zebras, rhinoceroses, and wild horses. Carnivores like lions and wolves are also found in temperate grasslands. Other animals of this region include: deer, prairie dogs, mice, jack rabbits, skunks, coyotes, snakes, foxes, owls, badgers, blackbirds, grasshoppers, meadowlarks, sparrows, quails, and hawks.
  11. 11. Wildlife of Madagascar IslandMadagascar has many insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and animals which are unique to the island. There are over 340 species of reptile in Madagascar, which include around half of the world’s species of chameleon.
  12. 12. Wildlife of South Eastern CoastMany of the larger mammal species are shared with the neighboring Eastern Miombo Woodlands, including elephant (Loxodonta africana), buffalo (Syncerus caffer), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), roan antelope (H. equinus), and Lichtenstein’s hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus lichtensteini).
  13. 13. Wildlife of Ethiopian HighlandsEndemic species include the rarest canid in the world - Ethiopian wolf, Walia ibex, Mountain nyala ,and the Giant root rat . Among the species endemic to the ecoregion are amphibians such as Grassland forest treefrog ,Bale Mountains frog ,and Osgood's Ethiopian toadBirds with limited distributions include Ankober serin and White-winged flufftail .
  14. 14. THANK YOU