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Building partnerships for peace

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Developing partnerships are beneficial to expanding Rotary’s impact and reach and to building peace. Peace Fellow Kimberly Weichel shared the work of 3 international organizations and their potential for collaboration: United Nations Associations around the world; the Global Peace Index produced by the Institute of Economics and Peace, and building bridges with Russia through citizen engagement, particularly through RI's Russia InterCountry Committee. Rotarian Robert Stewart discussed potential for partnership with Lions Clubs.

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Building partnerships for peace

  1. 1. Building Partnerships for Peace: 3 Examples Kimberly Weichel Rotary Peace Fellow May 31, 2019
  2. 2. Rotary Peace Fellow in 2012
  3. 3. Fellowship Cohort from 18 countries
  4. 4. Professional Certification Program Over 3 months we studied key concepts in the field of conflict resolution: • Conflict analysis • Do no harm • Conflict mapping • Religion and conflict • Nonviolent peacemaking • Regional conflicts • Peacemaking and peacebuilding Fellowship included a trip to Burmese refugee camps in northern Thailand and a 9 day study trip to Cambodia. Excellent program to build peace and I thank Rotary for supporting this program.
  5. 5. UNA-USA The UN Association is the largest NGO in America dedicated to supporting the United Nations, and is the primary organization providing advocacy and education about the UN’s wide ranging work. UNA-USA has over 20,000 members in more than 200 chapters around the US. UNA chapters focus on the importance of global engagement and advancing the UN’s four fold mission to build peace, sustainable development, human rights and provide humanitarian assistance. You can find local chapters at www.unausa.org
  6. 6. The World Federation of UN Associations (WFUNA) WFUNA is a global NGO representing a membership of over 100 national UNAs, and works to educate members about global affairs and to strengthen and improve the United Nations. WFUNA's Secretariat is based in New York City and in Geneva, Switzerland. They also have offices in Seoul, Korea and Brussels, Belgium. They have consultative status with many UN agencies. Check out chapters at www.wfuna.org
  7. 7. UN provides food to 80 million people in 80 countries. Vaccinates 45% of world’s children, saving lives. Protects 70 million refugees & people fleeing war Helps more than one million women overcome pregnancy risks. Keeps the Peace with more than 100,000 peacekeepers in 16 operations on 4 continents. The United Nations
  8. 8. The Sustainable Development Goals In 2015 UN member nations adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, which are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and work towards building peace and prosperity by 2030. UNA-USA works with businesses, the public sector, NGOs and governments to ensure we do our part to achieve these goals.
  9. 9. UNA Chapter Events • Programs and conferences • Career dinners • Mentoring programs • Service-learning events • Film screenings • Fundraising for a cause (landmine victims, refugees) • Coordinate Model UN programs
  10. 10. Model UN
  11. 11. UNA Promotes Advocacy • Advocate in your District or Washington DC with your Member of Congress. UNA-USA provides an advocacy guide. • Advocate for US paying UN dues, involvement in climate change, ratifying CEDAW, supporting UN conventions • UNA offers Advocacy Training webinars • UNA USA sends sample texts/emails to send to your Representative
  12. 12. Global Engagement Summit 1,800 Americans convened at UN Headquarters to hear from UN officials about global challenges and the UN’s vital work. Participants represented 45 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico at this year’s Summit. UN HEADQUARTERS
  13. 13. Global Leadership Summit In June, more than 500 UNA-USA members will attend a 3 day Summit in Washington, D.C., culminating in an Advocacy Day on Capitol Hill to send a powerful message to Congress: Americans stand with the UN. CAPITOL HILL
  14. 14. UN Opportunities and Conferences • Monthly opportunities: newsletter with contests, conferences, virtual activities • UN Conferences – serve as a Delegate • Commission on the Status of Women • UN Oceans Conference • Commission on Social Development • ECOSOC Youth Forum • WFUNA Human Rights Training in Geneva UC Berkeley student Mariya Katsman served as a UNA- USA Delegate to the 63rd Commission on the Status of Women at UN Headquarters in March.
  15. 15. Collaboration Possibilities and Benefits Rotary Clubs can partner with a UNA chapter to: • Co-sponsor conferences, programs, and outreach events in your area • Undertake advocacy work on behalf of UN conventions and issues • Partner to collaborate on community projects or campaigns Benefits: • By involvement in UNA, Rotarians can help to meet Rotary goals to build international relationships, improve lives, and create a better world to support our peace efforts
  16. 16. 2) Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) • IEP is a leading, independent think tank that works to build a greater understanding of the key drivers and measures of peace and identify the economic benefits of increased peacefulness. • Each year they produce the Global Peace Index, or GPI, which ranks each country on their level of peacefulness, measures the global economic & social cost of violence, and drivers of peace. • This research provides a monitoring tool for governments, intergovernmental organisations such as UN, and businesses. • IEP has partnerships with the UN, and works with national governments and the media to build peace. • IEP has a partnership with Rotary
  17. 17. Why measure peace? • The drivers of Peace are poorly understood - they are not necessarily the opposite of the drivers of violence. • Peace is multi-dimensional and complex • Data helps identify whether peace is improving or deteriorating. • Importantly, understanding the measures of peace helps us to foster greater peace.
  18. 18. What is Peace? Johan Galtung defined 2 concepts Global Peace Index Positive Peace Index Positive peace refers to attitudes, institutions and structures that correlate to lasting peace, which are necessary for a peaceful society. Negative peace is the ‘absence of violence’ and ‘absence of fear of violence’, referring to the security of states and interpersonal security
  19. 19. Global Peace Index • Now in its 12th year • Ranks 163 countries according to their relative states of peacefulness • Uses 23 indicators weighted on a 1-5 scale • Its data is collected, collated, guided and overseen by a panel of international experts • It is a measure of negative peace, or the absence of violence
  20. 20. Levels of peace March 2017-2018.
  21. 21. 10 Most & 10 Least Peaceful Countries • Most Peaceful: 1) Iceland, 2) New Zealand, 3) Austria, 4) Portugal, 5) Denmark, 6) Canada, 7) Czech Republic, 8) Singapore, 9) Japan, 10) Ireland • Least Peaceful: 1) Syria, 2) Afghanistan, 3) South Sudan, 4) Iraq, 5) Somalia, 6) Yemen, 7) Libya, 8) Congo, 9) Central African Republic, 10) Russia. • Guess where US ranks?
  22. 22. The US is #121 in the GPI The US has deteriorated in peacefulness for two consecutive years, and is at the lowest level of any time since 2012. This deterioration has been exacerbated by the growing partisan nature of American politics.
  23. 23. Where has the US scored both poorly and well? US scored poorly: • We are one of largest weapons exporters in the world, particularly a major nuclear and heavy weapons exporter. • The US has a very high incarceration rate. • The US remains one of the countries with the largest number, duration and role in external military conflicts. US scored well: • We had a 1 (out of 5) on each of the following: Violent crime, deaths from internal conflict, internal conflicts fought, displaced people, weapons import.
  24. 24. The global cost of violence in 2017 A 10% reduction is equivalent to the total economies of Denmark, Switzerland, and Belgium combined.
  25. 25. 8 key inter-related factors contributing to Positive Peace
  26. 26. Benefits of Positive Peace • Every 1% improvement in positive peace corresponds with 2.9% growth in real GDP per capita. • High positive peace countries are more likely to maintain stability, adapt and recover from shocks as they overcome challenges, and recover more quickly from natural disasters. • Positive peace is an innovative approach to measuring societal resilience. Peace is measurable and it’s possible to empirically track whether countries are improving. • There is a strong link between positive peace, economic prosperity and social wellbeing.
  27. 27. Rotary-IEP Partnership Rotarians can: • Participate in Positive Peace workshops • Give presentations using Positive Peace presentation and facilitator guides: Downloadable resources to help Rotarians conduct in-person training and facilitate dialogue to help foster community-based engagement in peace. • Get involved in the Rotary Positive Peace Academy • https://blog.rotary.org/2018/08/30/how-to-spread-positive- peace/. • www.visionofhumanity.org
  28. 28. 3) Importance of Citizen Diplomacy • Citizen diplomacy grew during the Cold War in the 1980’s when the Soviet Union and the US were expanding armaments and citizens were concerned about the potential for war. • The Center for Citizen Initiatives (CCI), one of the leading citizen diplomacy NGO’s, began taking groups of Americans to the Soviet Union in the early to mid 1980’s to meet with citizens. Thousands of Americans went there and came back to report on their experiences. • I was a citizen diplomat. My first trip was in 1986 and I led 4 trips to numerous cities in the S.U., Ukraine, Georgia, Dagestan • Citizen diplomacy has had many positive results.
  29. 29. CCI Programs CCI evolved in the late 1980’s from leading trips to providing a range of skill building programs: • Economic Development Program (partnered with Rotary) • SMMA – 400 Soviets came to 240 American cities in 1988 • Introduced AA into Soviet Union • Agricultural Program • Environment Program • Non Profit Management Program • RISE – Micro-enterprise Program for women in St. Petersburg
  30. 30. “TheThreat of NuclearWar is StillWith Us” Article by George Shultz,William Perry & Sam Nunn in Wall Street Journal, April 2019 • The US, its allies and Russia are caught in a dangerous policy paralysis. A bold policy shift is needed to support a strategic re- engagement with Russia and walk back from this perilous precipice. • The US and Russia must develop a new comprehensive approach to decrease the risks of conflict and increase cooperation, transparency, and security. • It is essential that we re-engage with Russia in areas of common fundamental interest to both nations, including reducing reliance on nuclear weapons, keeping them out of unstable hands, preventing their use and ultimately ending them as a threat to the world.
  31. 31. RI’s InterCountry Committee The Russia-US Intercountry Committee is focused on the 4th Rotary Object: ‘The advancement of international understanding, goodwill and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional persons united in the ideal of service.’ The ICC plays an important role between the peoples of each country despite the political atmosphere between governments. ICC projects and exchanges open dialogue between the people of Russia and the US, and thus become a catalyst for building peace.
  32. 32. Russia-U.S. Intercountry Committee In the 28 years of Rotary in Russia, including the 11 years of the US-Russia ICC, over $1million in over 30 global and matching grants have been completed: • $100 K given to a school for the underprivileged near Kirov called Beacon Hope • $310 K for an Immunization program for the children of Vladivostock • Rotarian Bill Richardson helped organize $885K in Russian aid grants 1999 to 2015. • This past February, the ICC coordinated a Peace Conference in Houston, Texas • Of the more than 500 vocational delegations of Russian entrepreneurs invited by CCI from 1995-2010, over 80% were hosted by Rotarians, many ICC members. • In a medical exchange last October, the Rotary Club of Boardman, Ohio, supported a professional visit of ten Russian physicians visiting clinics in the US. • ICC offers many opportunities for engagement at this important time. Application Forms.
  33. 33. Russian National Para-Olympic NordicTeam ICC member, Greg Bartz put together a project serving youth with disabilities with funding from the Eurasia Foundation. In 2012 there was an Open World Delegation of special education professionals from Krasnoyarsk meeting in Minnesota, part of the "Ordinary Childhood" Program with the U. of Minnesota.
  34. 34. DiplomaticTrip to Russia (Sep. 1-17, 2019) https://ccisf.org
  35. 35. My new book includes 20 chapters highlighting: Importance of speaking up and being engaged - each voice matters Bridge building, collaboration and citizen diplomacy How we develop resilience to ride the ups and downs The importance of mentoring Valuing Diversity - Our similarities are greater than our differences www.kimweichel.org; www.ourvoicesmatter.org; www.Xlibris.com
  36. 36. Thank you for your attention and for your work and commitment to build peace.

Developing partnerships are beneficial to expanding Rotary’s impact and reach and to building peace. Peace Fellow Kimberly Weichel shared the work of 3 international organizations and their potential for collaboration: United Nations Associations around the world; the Global Peace Index produced by the Institute of Economics and Peace, and building bridges with Russia through citizen engagement, particularly through RI's Russia InterCountry Committee. Rotarian Robert Stewart discussed potential for partnership with Lions Clubs.

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