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It describes about how to maintain a healthy body by having a balanced diet.

Published in: Healthcare
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  1. 1. Balanced diet is a different varieties of nutrients. To maintain good health and physical efficiency the diet should contain adequate amount of all nutrients. On the basis of their predominant functions foods are sometimes grouped as,
  2. 2. 1. Energy yielding food- Carbohydrates & fat 1. Body building food-Protein 2. Protective food-Vitamins & Minerals
  3. 3.  Carbohydrate contain carbon , hydrogen and oxygen. The main functions of carbohydrate in the body is to provide energy. The glucose formed by the digestion of the starch and sugar is absorbed mainly into the blood through the walls of the intestine and carried to the liver.
  4. 4.  Quick source of energy  It regulates amount of sugar circulation of calcium  It helps in lowering cholesterol level and regulates blood pressure.  One mole of carbohydrates releases 4.1 kcal of energy.
  5. 5. Sources
  6. 6.  Fat is a component used in the production of several hormones like compounds which help to regulate blood pressure, heart rate, blood vessel construction, blood clotting and nervous system
  7. 7.  Delayed source of energy.  Helps to maintain body temperature.  It lubricates and smoothens the body.  It protects delicate organs against being injured.  Helps to maintain healthy hair, skin , etc.  One mole fat releases 9.45 kcal of energy.
  8. 8.  Proteins are made up of Amino acids. Out of 23 amino acids, eight are essential and they cannot be manufactured in our body and they are to be supplied from outside. Proteins are present in all living tissues-both plant and animal. It contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen , nitrogen etc.
  9. 9. For building new tissues. Maintenance of tissues already built and replacement of regular losses. For lactation It also produces heat and energy in the absence of carbohydrate.
  10. 10. Minerals provide material for the growth and development of bones and teeth. They also needed for the growth of body cells, especially the red blood cells. They are ingredients of various body fluids and are more important for proper functioning of the circulatory and nervous system.
  11. 11. They maintain acid balance in the body. They regulate normal system in the heart beat. They regulate normality in reaction time. Formation of bones and teeth. It activates the digestive system and strengthen muscles.
  12. 12. Food contain certain chemical substances in small amounts. These are called vitamins. Vitamins play a key role in most chemical reaction in the body but they do not provide energy. Many of the cell reactions are carried through enzymes. It is made by the combination of vitamins and minerals.
  13. 13. It facilitates the digestive action. For proper growth of body For proper physical reproduction It produces disease resistance and destroying capacity.