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How can collaborative global research and education benefit the world?


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Plenary lecture of the XIII SBPMat (Brazilian MRS) meeting, given on October 2nd 2014 by Robert P. H. Chang, professor at Northwestern University, and Founding President and General Secretary of the International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS).

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How can collaborative global research and education benefit the world?

  1. 1. How can collaborative global research & education benefit the world? R.P.H. Chang Northwestern University IUMRS
  2. 2. Outline • “Future Earth” and Sustainability • The role of MSE • The GMN initiative • What is i-MWM? • How can you participate? R.P.H. Chang 2
  3. 3. Looming Problems • The 21st century citizens of the world facing unprecedented challenges – Exponential population growth – Rapid economic expansion of developing countries – Uncontrolled burning of hydrocarbon energy resources  run-away global warming climate change • Natural cycles in equilibrium being perturbed, leading to disappearance of biological and plant species essential to livelihood R.P.H. Chang 3
  4. 4. Top 10 global issues facing the 21st century R.P.H. Chang 4
  5. 5. Per Capita Income & Energy Use Around the World ● Japan kW/capita GDP/capita ● France R.P.H. Chang 5 $45,000 $40,000 $35,000 $30,000 $25,000 $20,000 $15,000 $10,000 $5,000 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 S-Argentina ● Brazil ● ● China Canada ● ● World Average ● USA ● Saudi Arabia ● Spain ● Russia World Goal ● UK Source: Key World Energy Statistics from the international Energy Agency, 2006. Author: Frank van Miorlo
  6. 6. Challenges common to big cities R.P.H. Chang Mexico City 6 Shanghai San Paulo • Rapid increase of high population & building densities • Transportation issues • High energy density utilization • Quality of life issues – Environment – Communication – Safety Mexico City Beijing
  7. 7. City-based solutions • Adopt and develop clean / renewable energy resources R.P.H. Chang 7 – Solar – Wind – Geothermal – Clean Coal, etc.
  8. 8. City-based solutions R.P.H. Chang Pearl River Tower, Guangzhou, China, SOM Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies, Chicago, Krueck & Sexton 8 • Develop ways to conserve energy usage while maintaining a high quality of life: – Buildings – Transport – Manufacturing
  9. 9. • Materials science and engineering (MSE) has been the generator of advanced technologies over the centuries. It has: – Helped economic development – Improved the quality of life R.P.H. Chang 9 The importance of MSE
  10. 10. • MSE is anticipated to play a key role in providing solutions to global problems in energy, environment, health, and security R.P.H. Chang 10 The importance of MSE
  11. 11. Rationale: Finding a solution together • While the technology for a solution may be there, implementation will require the participation of all countries and citizens • No one country or region can solve the highly coupled problem alone R.P.H. Chang 11
  12. 12. The Global Materials Network (GMN) will unite young materials researchers around the world and promote their global collaborations in materials research and education through a network platform with nodes existing across the globe. R.P.H. Chang 12 GMN: Mission and Goal
  13. 13. While opportunities for face-to-face, real space interactions will be available through meetings and workshops, the GMN website will serve as a virtual space to enable continuous connections and ongoing dialogues for materials scientists and engineers to stimulate communication and collaboration R.P.H. Chang 13 Implementation
  14. 14. Executive Council R.P.H. Chang 14 IUMRS Board of Directors GMN African MRS MRS of Argentina Australian MRS Brazil MRS Chinese MRS European MRS MRS of India MRS of Japan MRS of Korea MRS of Mexico MRS of Russia MRS of Singapore MRS of Taiwan Commissions Adhering Bodies Regional Coordinators Individual Members Corporate Partners NGOs Gov. Affiliated Inst.
  15. 15. Council of Regional Coordinators • R. Geetha Balakrishna (India) • Vassilios D. Binas (Greece) • Mingzhi Dai 戴明志 (China) • Jiaxing Huang (US) • Muhammad Huda (US) • Oussama Moutanabbir (Canada) • Sangeetha Palanivelu (India) • Jessica Schiffman (US) • Aloysius Soon (S. Korea) • Markus Valtiner (Germany) • Aron Walsh (UK) • Evan Laurence Williams (Singapore) R.P.H. Chang 15
  16. 16. Examples of exciting activities • Every 2 years, there will be an ICYRAM meeting where researchers will get together to share research and educational findings and develop collaborations • A Young Researcher Award and recognitions will be given at ICYRAM meetings • The GMN website will be for interactive dialogue and collaborations. The website is user-driven and managed. R.P.H. Chang 16
  17. 17. • The Global Materials Network will evolve to be a dynamic website serving millions of users from academic, industry, government, and non-profit sectors • The website and ICYRAM meetings will become a central destination for innovators and visionaries to create solutions for global problems together R.P.H. Chang 17 GMN Expansion plan
  18. 18. Initial launch ICYRAM Lecture: “Mentorship for Young Scientists: Developing Scientific Survival Skills” – Federico Rosei, Universite du Quebec, Canada R.P.H. Chang Conference Registration ICYRAM Leader Addressing Focus Group 18 Dinner Buffet IUMRS-ICYRAM 2012 in Singapore served as the inaugural launch of the Global Materials Network
  19. 19. Upcoming Upcoming event: event: ICYRAM 2014 2014 • The 2nd International Conference for Young Researchers on Advanced Materials will be held at the Hainan International Convention & Exhibition Center in Haikou, China, October 24- 27, 2014. • About 800-1,000 attendees expected • R.P.H. Chang 19
  20. 20. • Organized by C-MRS and IUMRS • Technical program will emphasize 8 themes: – Energy and Environment Materials – Electronic Materials – Nanomaterials and Devices – Advanced Ceramic Materials – Advanced Metallic Materials – Biomaterials – Materials Characterization and Evaluation – Materials Modeling and Simulation • Ample discussions and preparations for collaborations will take place R.P.H. Chang 20 ICYRAM 2014
  21. 21. Regional nodes will support workshops, schools, and new initiatives Initiatives such as… •Workshops to share knowledge •Discussions to open dialogue •And collaborations to empower one another and join efforts …will be held at •Global •Regional •And community scales …to benefit all citizens, from middle and high school children to professors and professionals! R.P.H. Chang
  22. 22. Preparing future science and engineering literate citizens • Technology alone will not solve the world problems. All citizens around the globe need to participate to make a change by: – Changing living habits and attitudes towards global cooperation – Adopting new technologies • This requires education R.P.H. Chang 22
  23. 23. STEM Education should start early • Start from middle school, like music, arts, and sports! • Materials World Modules program is based on scientific inquiry and engineering design • R.P.H. Chang 23
  24. 24. MWM’s Strategy Prof. R.P.H. Chang, Northwestern 24 University
  25. 25. MWM’s Model: Inquiry and Design  Students complete a series of hands-on, inquiry-based activities  Each module culminates in design challenges  Students simulate the work of scientists (through activities that foster inquiry) and engineers
  26. 26. Engaging Students in Real-World Design Prof. R.P.H. Chang, Northwestern 26 University
  27. 27. MWM’s Proven Success Prof. R.P.H. Chang, Northwestern 27 University
  28. 28. MMaatteerriiaallss WWoorrlldd MMoodduulleess Using Interactive Materials World Modules to Teach Nanotechnology Nano Prof. R.P.H. Chang, Northwestern 28 University
  29. 29. What is i-MWM? Teach fundamental nanoscience and nanotechnology concepts across grades 6-16 2. Deliver content on mobile devices for use inside and outside the Mobile Real Space Access 3. Provide instant feedback to teachers and students. classroom 1. Use Interactive multimedia to help students visualize the nanoscale and grasp complex concepts. i-MWM
  30. 30. How does Nano strengthen STEM learning? 1nm 100 nm Atomic Scale Nano Scale Microscopic Scale Sub- Atomic Scale Macro Scale Health Communications Transportation Energy/ Environment Infrastructure Biology Chemistry Physics Engineering Mathematics CROSSCUTTING: Nano concepts cut across disciplines to integrate, reinforce and deepen STEM learning. “WOW” FACTOR: Unique properties and phenomena at the nanoscale take everyday technologies to exciting new levels! Nano topics captivate and motivate.
  31. 31. Why mobile devices? 1. BROADER ACCESS: Teens from low-income households, particularly African-Americans and Hispanics, are much more likely than other teens to go online using a cell phone* 2. IMPROVED LEARNING AND ENGAGEMENT: Mobile device assisted learning programs improve students‘ learning across subjects** Students take more responsibility for their own learning and are more interested, motivated, and engaged.** 1. MORE EFFICIENT STUDY: Access from inside and outside classroom will help students make better use of classroom and personal study time. * Pew Internet and American Life Project, 2010 **Cheung and Hew, 2009; Chen et al., 2008
  32. 32. Core nano concepts taught across grades 6-16 Which Core Nano- Concepts? Core Concept Grades 6-8 Grades 9-12 Size- Dependent Properties The physical form of a solid influences the degree to which it interacts with its environment. The more spread out the solid is, the more readily it interacts. The chemical and physical properties of matter can change with scale. As the size of a material approaches the nanoscale, it often exhibits unexpected properties that lead to new functionality. Measuremen t & Tools Tools and instruments determine what is accessible to measure, detect, and manipulate with precision and accuracy. New instruments help drive scientific progress. For example, the AFM enables investigation of nanoscale matter with unprecedented precision. Size & Scale Helps describe and categorize properties of matter and natural phenomena from extremely large to extremely small. The size of objects and phenomena in the nanoscale can be represented with powers of 10 and scaling. Surface to The ratio of boundary to interior The surface area to volume ratio
  33. 33. Interactive multimedia learning technology i-MWM uses interactive multimedia learning tools to enhance cognition, self-efficacy, and digital information processing INTERACTIVE GAME: “Sammy’s Great Scale Adventure” helps students grasp size and scale INTERACTIVE SIMULATION helps students SURFACE AREA-VOLUME RATIO
  34. 34. Personalized Learning i-MWM personalizes the learning experience to engage and support individual learners 1. Personalized content delivery (type and level) 2. Personalized Access – time and place 3. Personalized Assessments (rapid feedback) This approach will allow students to: • Learn at own pace, with targeted support from teachers • Use tools suited to personal learning style (e.g. visual, auditory, reading, interactive game (reflex-based), modeling a function, etc. • Take responsibility for own learning (self-direction) • Works for teachers too!
  35. 35. The i-MWM curriculum will use the theme of “Energy” Societal Relevance • Unify the topics being taught • Provide compelling relevance (i.e., global sustainability, career linkages, etc.) • Motivate individual and group learning • Provide a variety of application contexts
  36. 36. Vision for Scale-up Phases I, II, III Integrated implementation of activities in real & cyberspace Real Space Activities in class: - Discussion - Lab Activities - Design Projects Cyberspace Activities using i-MWM: - Assignments - Exploration via animations, simulations, & games - Logging hypotheses & results in “Classroom Portal” - Assessment tests Scaling up IN-STEM Multi-media platform enhances understanding: 3D visualization, time-dependent phenomena, mathematical manipulations Expansion Progress External Assessment & Evaluation Results for analysis Cyber Community for STEM Edu. & Workforce Development - Students, Teachers, Parents, Universities, & Industry Stakeholders Dissemination of Information - Journal articles, community resources, policy documents Key development strategies • Partner with teachers and schools for implementation-based product design • Iterative design and development based on built-in and external assessments (i.e. standardized STEM tests) • Share assessment data with STEM research community
  37. 37. STEM Education in college • Nanotechnology Center for Learning and Teaching (NCLT): – Publishes integrated STEM instructional modules with nano-based applications; – Offers professional training; – Develops a network of multi-sector nano education communities – Go to: R.P.H. Chang 37
  38. 38. STEM Education post-college • Global School for Advanced Study (GSAS) – Fosters innovation and equips young researchers to address the most pressing research questions of our time – Dual mission: 1. Address global challenges such as energy, environment, health, and security, and 2. Build global leadership – Go to: R.P.H. Chang 38
  39. 39. Conclusion • Global collaboration is essential for a rapidly change world • MSE continues to be the driver to solve global problems facing all citizens • Solution for a sustainable world requires a convergent effort from all sectors of the society: government, companies, communities, families, and individuals. R.P.H. Chang 39