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Open Science Meets Open Education

This keynote was given by
Vanessa Proudman, Director, SPARC Europe
at the Irish CONUL Teaching and Learning Seminar
on 7 Nov 2019 in Dublin, Ireland

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Open Science Meets Open Education

  1. 1. CONUL Teaching & Learning Annual Seminar 2019 7 November 2019 Vanessa Proudman, Director, SPARC Europe Opening up teaching and learning Libraries as natural partners in Open Education
  2. 2. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Why OE matters https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTNnxPcY49Q
  3. 3. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Education terms   Open Education –  Open Educational Policy –  Open Educational Practices –  Open Educational Resources
  4. 4. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 SPARC Definition of Open Education Open Education encompasses resources, tools and practices that are free of legal, financial and technical barriers and can be fully used, shared and adapted in the digital environment. Open Education maximizes the power of the Internet to make education more affordable, accessible and effective. https://sparcopen.org/open-education/
  5. 5. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The 5 R’s of Open, Wiley, 2014 1.  RETAIN - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content. 2.  REUSE - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video). 3.  REVISE - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language). 4.  REMIX - the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup). 5.  REDISTRIBUTE - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend) .
  6. 6. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Why open   Contribute to the Open agenda   Contribute to international goals   Increased visibility of the institution –  Showcasing research, education –  Showcasing collections   Increase the quality of education –  Teacher capacity-building and professionalisation –  Increase student satisfaction –  Help achieve better results –  Contribute to life-long learning goals   Increase equitable access to knowledge: Education for all   Cost-savings
  7. 7. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Advancing the Open Agenda –  Open Access to •  Research publications •  Research data •  Educational resources •  Open standards •  Open software •  And more "Intricate" by Darcie is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 = A m o r e o p e n u n I v e r s I t y Recalling the Wheeler declaration, Berkeley, CA, 2008: https://bit.ly/31KJ7yh
  8. 8. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Why libraries are natural partners for change in OE: Their roles   Often seen as a trusted partner in institution   Highly service-oriented   Facilitate access to knowledge   Roles changing from buyer to creator, curator, publisher, legal adviser to knowledge disseminator, etc.   Provide leadership in Open Science   Some already provide e-learning support   Increasing collaborating with other depts
  9. 9. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Why libraries are natural partners for change in OE: Applicable activities   Collection management   Information discovery: md, repositories, etc   Quality assurance   Copyright and open licensing   Challenging publishing business models   Advocacy   Information / research literacy training Makerspaces
  10. 10. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Why should they meet? OA Publications OA Research Data Open Education Advocacy xxx xxx xxx Skills development x xx xx / xxx Open licensing xx xx xxx Rewards and incentives xxx xxx xxx Quality management xx xx xx / xxx Sustainability xxx xxx xxx New business models xx / xxx xx xxx Co-creation x xx xxx
  11. 11. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Leadership in OE Leadership in OE
  12. 12. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The Cape Town Declaration, 2008   A coalition of educators, foundations, and internet pioneers urged governments and publishers to make publicly-funded educational materials available freely over the internet   Over 2k signatories https://www.capetowndeclaration.org/read-the-declaration
  13. 13. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The Cape Town Declaration, 2008 1.  Educators and learners: actively participate in OE movement, e.g. creating, using, adapting and improving OER; embracing edu practices. Integral to education, supported / rewarded. 2.  Open educational resources: call on educators, authors, publishers, institutions to release resources openly. freely shared through open licences. both for use and editing. Also for those with disabilities and with no access to the Internet. 3.  Open education policy: govts, school boards, colleges and universities should make open education a high priority. Ideally, taxpayer-funded educational resources should be open educational resources. Accreditation & adoption processes. Repositories should include & highlight OERs. https://www.capetowndeclaration.org/
  14. 14. The Cape Town Declaration, 2018 1.  Connecting Open 2.  Empowering the next generation 3.  Connecting with other Open Movements 4.  Open Education for development 5.  Open pedagogy 6.  Thinking outside the institution 7.  Data and analytics 8.  Beyond the textbook 9.  Opening up publicly funded resources 10.  Copyright for education https://www.capetowndeclaration.org/cpt10/
  15. 15. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Government Partnership, 2011 Accountable, responsive, inclusive govt. 79 countries with action plans. 55 OGP partners 200 commitments to Education Most popular commitment focus on OER, IT tools and platforms that make teaching materials publicly available
  16. 16. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 UN Sustainable Development Goals https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/ Goal 4: Quality Education Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to creating sustainable development. In addition to improving quality of life, access to inclusive education can help equip locals with the tools required to develop innovative solutions to the world’s greatest problems. Goal 10: Reduced inequalities: large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets Goal 9: Industries, Innovation and Infrastructure: crucial to achieving sustainable development and empowering communities in many countries
  17. 17. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 UNESCO guidelines Invest in production, adaptation & use of OER Bring them into mainstream HEd Improve quality and reduce costs
  18. 18. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Ljubljana Action Plan, 2018 https://www.oercongress.org/oer-roadmap/
  19. 19. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 UNESCO OER Recommendation 2019   Guidance for national governments on OER policies and practices asking countries to report on efforts and progress   Adopted May 2019, Intergovt Expert Meeting   Circulated to all Member States   To be submitted to the 40th General Conference Nov 2019 for consideration and adoption
  20. 20. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 IFLA Briefing on OER, 2019
  21. 21. OPEN EDUCATION TIMELINE sparcopen.org 2009 - 2019 SPARC NA slides, N Allen, Oct 2019
  22. 22. 2009
  23. 23. SPARC Forum
  24. 24. 2013
  25. 25. 2014
  26. 26. Nicole Allen, Steven Bell, and Marilyn Billings call on academic librarians to unite and form a national movement to promote the widespread adoption of OER Their goal was to take back control of learning materials from commercial publishers returning it to educators.
  27. 27. liboer.org
  28. 28. 2015
  29. 29. 2016
  30. 30. www.oerdigest.org
  31. 31. 2017
  32. 32. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 connect.sparcopen.org
  33. 33. connect.sparcopen.org
  34. 34. sparcopen.org/leadership-program
  35. 35. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Education Leadership Program Module 1: What is Open Education? Module 2: Open Education on Campus Module 3: Discovering and Curating OER Module 4: Copyright & Open Licensing Module 5: Adapting & Publishing OER Module 6: Open Pedagogy & Researching Impact Module 7: Open Education Advocacy & Institutional Change Module 8: Open Education Project Planning & Management https://sparcopen.org/our-work/open- education-leadership-program/
  36. 36. 2018
  37. 37. STATE OER POLICIES
  38. 38. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 OER State Policy Playbook   ID stakeholders   Define OER carefully   Recommendations, e.g. –  establish a grant progamme –  mark OER in course schedules –  create a task force or council –  issue a savings challenge https://sparcopen.org/our-work/oer-state-policy-playbook/
  39. 39. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 High-level pointers for OER policy discussions
  40. 40. •  Would provide permanent authorisation for an open textbook grant programme •  Would ensure that any open textbooks or educational materials created using program funds will be freely and easily accessible to the public •  Would direct institutions of higher education to include information about costs •  Requires the Government Accountability Office to report to Congress with an update on the price trends of college textbooks
  41. 41. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Europe Europe
  42. 42. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 European Commission leadership https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/open-education
  43. 43. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Policy context in Europe   “Opening up Education” Communication by the European Commission (2013) OpenEdu project by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC)   Key reports: –  Going Open: Policy Recommendations on Open Education in Europe –  Policy Approaches to Open Education
  44. 44. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 European Commission policy-making Opening up education. Innovative teaching and learning for all through new technologies and OER. Report.   More open learning environments   Proposed actions: –  Helping learning institutions, teachers, and learners to acquire digital skills and learning methods –  Supporting development and availability of OER –  Connecting classrooms & deploying dig services & content –  Mobilizing all stakeholders to change the role of digital tech at education institutions https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/cd97428e-ab60-4e5f- b9c2-68232274522e/language-en
  45. 45. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Policy context in Europe   “Opening up Education” Communication by the European Commission (2013) OpenEdu project by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC)   Key reports: –  Going Open: Policy Recommendations on Open Education in Europe –  Policy Approaches to Open Education
  46. 46. Policy approaches to Open Education, JRC Report, 2017 – 4 types 1.  Policies focusing specifically on opening up education through the promotion of OER and OEP 2.  Policies relating to general ICT for learning with some open education component 3.  Comprehensive strategic educational policies with some open education component 4.  Polices built up as National Open Government Plans with some open education component https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/policy-approaches-open-education-case-studies-28-eu- member-states-openedu-policies Irish HEd Authority innovation, quality assurance and to provide funding Professional development important Relating to EU: focus “aiming at achieving teaching and learning excellence, [and] producing good practices for academic development that can be shared internationally at a European level”.
  47. 47. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 European Commission leadership https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/open-education
  48. 48. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Science Policy Platform Recommendations   Rewards and Incentives   Research Indicators and Next-Generation Metrics   Future of Scholarly Communication   European Open Science Cloud   FAIR Data   Research Integrity   Skills and Education   Citizen Science https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/ integrated_advice_opspp_recommendations.pdf#view=fit&pagemode=none
  49. 49. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Education and a changing context   The Open Agenda progressively becoming the norm: policy and practise   Meeting sustainable development goals   Meeting Open Government Partnership goals   The need to demonstrate excellence & impact   Increasing mobility amongst staff   Institutional asset management   Efficiency   Cost-saving
  50. 50. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Science Policy Competitiveness Council, 2016   Amsterdam Call for Action on OS, 2016   National policy: NL, N, FR, IRL …   Plan S and cOAlition S, Sept 2018   Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe   Open Data Directive / PSI, 2019   Increase in institutional policies. Europe: 548 institutional in Europe   Funder policies: EC, Wellcome, national
  51. 51. National Open Research Forum National Framework launched by Minister Halligan in July 2019 and endorsed by all Irish research funding agencies, the Higher Education Authority, the Department of Business, Enterprise & Innovation and many other agencies & institutions. http://norf-ireland.net/wp- content/uploads/2019/07/ NORF_Framework_10_July_ 2019-2.pdf National Action Plan outlined for 2019-2020. •  Open Access to Publications •  FAIR Data Management •  Infrastructure •  Rewards and Incentives •  Skills and Training Ref: N. Brennan, National Forum Digital learning Policies, Oct 2019
  52. 52. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Ref: N. Brennan, National Forum Digital learning Policies, Oct 2019
  53. 53. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Science Policy Competitiveness Council, 2016   Amsterdam Call for Action on OS, 2016   National policy: NL, N, FR, IRL …   Plan S and cOAlition S, Sept 2018   Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe   Open Data Directive / PSI, 2019   Increase in institutional policies. Europe: 548 institutional in Europe   Funder policies: EC, Wellcome, national
  54. 54. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 ROARMAP, 2019 548 in Europe
  55. 55. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 SPARC Europe study in Spring 2019:   37 with an OA policy: 30 mandates 24 no OA policy; 50% developing one   42 no research data policy, 13 developing one 30 7 24 No mandate Mandate Funder OA and OS policies in Europe Gdansk, 8 Oct 2019 No policy
  56. 56. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 European Open Education Librarians
  57. 57. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Members to date   10 European countries & international orgs –  Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Netherlands, Poland, Ireland, Italy, Spain, UK –  IFLA, International Baccalaureate Organization, SPARC, SPARC Europe   Policy makers / senior library management   Open Science & Open Ed advocates   Practitioners, incl. pedagogues   Researchers
  58. 58. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Libraries supporting OE   Connecting OER with OS   From buyer to disseminator –  Content curation, eg publ existing material OER, © & licensing support, co-creation   Policy-making: Connecting OS with OE policy   Info discovery –  Repositories; linking them with LMS, disc system –  Metadata standards –  Linked repositories   Info literacy and OER
  59. 59. Choosing the direction 1.  Roles & responsibilities of libraries 2.  Finance 3.  Advocacy 4.  Policy 5.  Stakeholder management / engagement 6.  Content curation 7.  OER discovery 8.  Quality management 9.  Rewards and incentives 10. Training 11. Technical support 12. Knowledge exchange
  60. 60. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 A range of possible goals   Bridge the gap between Open Science and Open Education   Build capacity on Open Education amongst European librarians   Develop supportive OE policy in Europe   Increase the access to and reuse of educational resources whilst considering sustainability   Increase the creation of and adoption of more OERs in Europe
  61. 61. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 What we don’t yet know   Which academic HEd libraries in Europe are offering Open Education services?   Which libraries / academic institutions in Europe have developed an OE policy?   What good practise collaborations are going on between libraries and other depts/ faculties in Open Education?   What good synergies exist between Open Science and Open Education?
  62. 62. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 SPARC Europe Survey   Online survey to launch in November 2019
  63. 63. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 OE Global event What can Open Education learn from Open Access and Open Science? World Café Milan, 27 November 2019 You’re invited https://conference.oeconsortium.org/2019/
  64. 64. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Europe Examples from our European Network
  65. 65. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 OER World Map www.oerworldmap.org
  66. 66. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Open Education Policy Forum 2019 https://oerpolicy.eu/oe-policy-forum/ 12 fellows will be developing 10 different policy projects At different stages of development
  67. 67. Utrecht University Library Process Subject specialist & academic meet Subject specialist picks up OE question Subject specialist contacts OE librarian Subject specialist, OE librarian & academic meet Academic’s OE question is answered & knowledge base of subject specialist increased Adapted from D. Van Loon, UU, Oct 2019
  68. 68. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 UU figshare repository for OER www.uu.figshare.com
  69. 69. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 MDX CAT, SPain https://www.mdx.cat/
  70. 70. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Libguides OER Over 2,100 on OER https://community.libguides.com/
  71. 71. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 OER training, France https://zenodo.org/communities/adbu_competencesinformationnelles/?page=1&size=20 Proposed by www.adbu.fr: Association of Directors and Senior Staff of University Libraries and Documentation
  72. 72. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Copyright https://open.ed.ac.uk/
  73. 73. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Data Management MOOC
  74. 74. 1 32 4 5 6 7 8
  75. 75. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 REBUIN OE website Call for Open Course Ware (OCW) Projects for the publication of free access teaching content (ULL). Promotes the development and incorporation of OE content in open format taught in degree curricula Teaching material teaching network (Polytechnic University of Valencia): The Action Plan of the Teaching Network aims to favour the use of ICT in teaching practice. Call for financial aid to prepare free teaching materials: The Jaume I University announces an annual financial grant programme for the development of quality teaching materials and publication OA. Open courses are disseminated through the institutional repository. Video training webinars (UNIA): Virtual seminars (webinars) for teacher training, promoted by the Innovation Area of the UNIA (International University of Andalusia) available on video with Creative Commons licenses. Procomún. Open Educational Resources Network. Space for education and learning, mainly by the teaching community and students, but also by the general public. The educational community can find and create structured teaching material, classified in a standardized way (LOM-ES), prepared for download and for direct use by teachers and students https://www.rebiun.org/acceso-abierto/semana-de-educacion-abierta
  76. 76. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 REBIUN Report to promote OER in universities   Mandate or recommend to publish OER in institutional repositories   Ensure the interoperability between platforms   Create a specific OER policy   Add incentives in policies and assessment processes
  77. 77. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Higher Education 2025, The value of knowing   Organic policy, aiming at modernising all aspects of HE by 2025   Openness is at the core of the strategy. –  By 2025 all teaching staff at Dutch universities make their educational resources openly available –  the Netherlands plays a pioneering role in the world –  Dutch institutes’ recognition of each other’s MOOCs and open courses.
  78. 78. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Dutch funding programme https://www.surf.nl/en/node/2453
  79. 79. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Quality modelling for OER, NL https://openleermaterialen.surf.nl/kwaliteit/
  80. 80. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Anatomy Tool, NL https://anatomytool.org/about
  81. 81. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 THE FUTURE
  82. 82. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The future   Advocating for OE in our institutions –  Maximising the re-use of our assets   Growing OE in European libraries   Libraries bridging the gap between OS & OE   Developing and creating OE policy in Europe   More rewards and incentives for teaching   Providing evidence of more meaningful teaching and learning through OE
  83. 83. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The future   Increased open licensing of materials   Increased OE textbook, OE publishing: Free access aligned with our values   FAIR Open Education   OE management planning   Creating shared OE infrastructure   Finding sustainable funding models for OE   Make this a routine part of work   More capacity building in OER
  84. 84. 5 major publishers hold nearly 90% of the market Source: Turning the Page by James Koch NEAR-MONOPOLY
  85. 85. OPEN FREE + PERMISSION Retain Reuse Revise Remix Redistribute 5Rs Slides with thanks to N. Allen, SPARC NA, Oct 2019
  86. 86. https://www.insidehighered.com/quicktakes/2018/04/13/top-hat-makes-access-oer-free
  87. 87. https://openstax.org/partners Peer-reviewed, openly licensed, 100% free
  88. 88. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The future   Increased open licensing of materials   Increased OE textbook, OE publishing: Free access aligned with our values   FAIR Open Education   OE management planning   Creating shared OE infrastructure   Finding sustainable funding models for OE   Make this a routine part of work   More capacity building in OER
  89. 89. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 FAIR
  90. 90. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 DMP Online https://dmponline.dcc.ac.uk/ 1.  Data Types, Formats, Standards and Capture Methods 2.  Ethics and Intellectual Property 3.  Access, Data Sharing and Reuse 4.  Short-Term Storage and Data Management 5.  Deposit and Long-Term Preservation 6.  Resourcing
  91. 91. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The future   Increased OE textbook, OE publishing: Free access aligned with our values   FAIR Open Education   OE management planning   Creating shared OE infrastructure   Finding sustainable funding models for OE   Make this a routine part of work   More capacity building in OER
  92. 92. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 A SCOSS for Open Education?   Global Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services www.scoss.org   More than 1.5m euro raised worldwide for 2 infrastructures   3 more to be recommended this year
  93. 93. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Invest In Open Infrastructure for OE? Our goal is to obtain stable and consistent funding from across the globe to sustain open science infrastructure https://investinopen.org/
  94. 94. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 The future   Increased OE textbook, OE publishing: Free access aligned with our values   FAIR Open Education   OE management planning   Creating shared OE infrastructure   Finding sustainable funding models for OE   Make this a routine part of work   More capacity building in OER
  95. 95. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 THANK YOU, Any questions? Please join the European Network: oer@sparceurope.org Please become a member to enable us to do more in this area https://sparceurope.org/membership/ join-sparc-europe/
  96. 96. CONUL 2019, Opening Up Teaching and Learning 11/11/19 Creative Commons License This work is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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