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Microorganisms in Air
Isolation of microorganism from air
•Atmosphere(The layer nearest to the
earth) contains all major groups of
microbes rang...
•Since air is often exposed to sunlight, it has a higher
temperature and less
•moisture. So,, most of these microbial form...
•Environmental factors that affect air
microflora include atmospheric
temperature(There is a progressive
increase in the d...
•Air current is also important in the
dispersal of microorganisms as it carries
them over a long distance.
•
In still air ...
•Air is not a medium in which organism
grow but is a carrier of particulate
matter ,dust particles,spores ect
•Air is main...
•Air is not a natural environment for
microorganisms as it doesn't contain enough
moisture and nutrients to support their ...
•They are different methods to isolate microorganism
1-solid impingement
2-liquid impingement
•There are several methods d...
•Impingement in liquids:
•In this method, the air drawn is through a
very small opening tube and bubbled
through the liqui...
•Impingement on solids:
•In this method, the microorganisms are
collected on the solid surface of agar
medium. Colonies de...
•Aim…….to isolate microoganism from air
Materials:
Petri dishes
Slides
Cover slips
Czapek dox agar
Nutrient agar
Distil wa...
procedure
•1-pour melted ,cooled Czapek dox agar
With steptomycen and nutrient agar in petri
dishes.
2-allow them to solid...
•5-Czapek dox agar in25°c for7days,and
nutrient agar in 35°c for 24-48 hours
observation
•1-observe the plates and count the distribution of
fungal and bacterial colonies on Czapek dox
agar
and nutri...
Fungi isolated Location number of colonies Mean Percen
tage
•Bacterial count
Percentage occurrence =number of colonies of indivdiual species
__________________________________
Total ...
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Microorganisms in air

  1. 1. Microorganisms in Air
  2. 2. Isolation of microorganism from air •Atmosphere(The layer nearest to the earth) contains all major groups of microbes ranging from algae to the viruses. •Microbes Found in Air- In addition to gases, dust particles and water vapour, air also contains microorganisms. •There are vegetative cells and spores of bacteria, fungi and algae, viruses and protozoan cysts.
  3. 3. •Since air is often exposed to sunlight, it has a higher temperature and less •moisture. So,, most of these microbial forms will die
  4. 4. •Environmental factors that affect air microflora include atmospheric temperature(There is a progressive increase in the death rate with an increase in temperature from -18°C to 49°C ), humidity(Low and high relative humidity cause the death of most microorganisms) , air current.
  5. 5. •Air current is also important in the dispersal of microorganisms as it carries them over a long distance. • In still air the particles with microorganisms tend to settle down. But a gentle air can keep them in suspension for long periods.
  6. 6. •Air is not a medium in which organism grow but is a carrier of particulate matter ,dust particles,spores ect •Air is mainly transport medium for microorganisms. They occur in small numbers in air when compared with soil or water. •The microflora of air can be studied under two headings outdoor and indoor microflora.
  7. 7. •Air is not a natural environment for microorganisms as it doesn't contain enough moisture and nutrients to support their growth and reproduction. •1-One of the most common sources of air microflora is the soil. •2-microorganisms found in water may also be released into the air in the form of water droplets •from plant or animal surfaces 3- •4-The main soures of airborne microorganism is human beings. by activities like coughing, sneezing, talking and laughing
  8. 8. •They are different methods to isolate microorganism 1-solid impingement 2-liquid impingement •There are several methods designed for the enumeration of microorganisms in air. The most important ones are solid and liquid impingement •It is not collects and counts all the microorganisms in the air sample tested. Some microbial cells are destroyed and some entirely pass through in all the processes.
  9. 9. •Impingement in liquids: •In this method, the air drawn is through a very small opening tube and bubbled through the liquid. The organisms get trapped in the liquid medium. Aliquots of the liquid •then plated to determine microbial content
  10. 10. •Impingement on solids: •In this method, the microorganisms are collected on the solid surface of agar medium. Colonies develop on the medium where the organism impinges.
  11. 11. •Aim…….to isolate microoganism from air Materials: Petri dishes Slides Cover slips Czapek dox agar Nutrient agar Distil water Gram stain Aniline blue Glycerol Microscope Incubator Colony counter
  12. 12. procedure •1-pour melted ,cooled Czapek dox agar With steptomycen and nutrient agar in petri dishes. 2-allow them to solidify. 3-remove cover and expose the petri dishe for 5-10minute at differnet location. 4-cover the lid and incubate the plate.
  13. 13. •5-Czapek dox agar in25°c for7days,and nutrient agar in 35°c for 24-48 hours
  14. 14. observation •1-observe the plates and count the distribution of fungal and bacterial colonies on Czapek dox agar and nutrient agar. 2-record your result for the total number of colonies using colony counter and fungi each plate.
  15. 15. Fungi isolated Location number of colonies Mean Percen tage
  16. 16. •Bacterial count Percentage occurrence =number of colonies of indivdiual species __________________________________ Total number of colonies of all species
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Microorganisms in air by Saad Farooqi

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