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Water problems in Balochistan, Pakistan

Water problems in Balochistan

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Water problems in Balochistan, Pakistan

  1. 1. Water Problems in Balochistan Presented by, Saad Farooqi FA18-R07-004 MS-Environmental Science Department of Environmental Science COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Water in Balochistan • Water problem in Balochistan • Causes • Effects • Measures • PK-Balochistan Integrated Water Resources Management & Development Project
  3. 3. Introduction • Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful. • Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. • The majority of human uses require fresh water. • 97% of the water on earth is salt water. However, only • 3% is fresh water. • Fresh water is renewable resource.
  4. 4. Water in Balochistan • Water could be found upon digging a mere 20 feet to 25 feet into the ground. • Of all the provinces, Balochistan is the worst hit. • According to reports, 62% of Balochistan is deprived of safe drinking water. • More than 58% of it’s land is uncultivable due to water scarcity. • Total available water in Balochistan is 19.29 Billion m³. • Water availability per ha is 556 m³/ha/annum. • Storage availability per ha is 7 m³/ha Source: IPD (2006a); GOP (2005a); GOP (2005b); World Bank (2005).
  5. 5. Water Problem in Balochistan • In Balochistan, annual precipitation ranges from 50 to 500mm. • Women have to walk miles each day for water needs. • The water is obtained from ponds. • Sometimes becomes extremely brackish, causing many water-borne diseases. • The government installed a large number of tube wells. • But did not build any dams nor take action against illegal drilling. • Currently, over 6,000 tube wells are lifting water from districts across the province.
  6. 6. Causes • Low rainfall • Large number of tube wells • Lack of dams • No action on illegal drilling • Over-population • Increase water demand • Poor water management • Over exploitation of groundwater
  7. 7. 6.5 12.34 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 1998 2017 Population (Million) Years Figure 1. Growth of electric- and diesel operated tube wells in Balochistan. Figure 2. Population of Balochistan (1998 and 2017)
  8. 8. Effects • Diseases • Poverty • Agriculture • Drought • Migration of people
  9. 9. Measures • Sustainable use of water • Less number of tube wells • Government policy and planning • Construction of Dams • Conservation of water
  10. 10. PK-Balochistan Integrated Water Resources Management & Development Project • Institutions, capacity and information will support a gradual transition to IWRM approaches in Balochistan. • Water infrastructure and management investments will support implementation of IWRM. • Project management and technical assistance will finance expenditures associated with overall project. • Implementation costs, including incremental costs associated with the Project Management Unit (PMU) and the Project Implementation Units (PIUs), Project Supervision and Implementation Assistance.

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Water problems in Balochistan

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